Suggesteed Bibliography coverring many aspects of the topic- I believe
that some in Erath County had ancestors involved in this era of history.
1. Bridges, C.A. "The Knights of the Golden Circle- a Filibustering
fantasy, SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL QUARTERLY, vol. XLIV Jan. 1941
2. Elliot, Claude, "Union Sentiment in Texas, 1861-65 SOUTHWESTERN
HISTORICAL QUARTERLY , Vol. L no.4, April 1947
3. Smith, Ophia D. , "A trip to Texas in 1855, SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL
vOL. lix NO.1, jULY 1955
4.Whitworth, Bonnie Ruth, "THE ROLE OFTtEXAS IN THE CONFEDERACY", Thesis,
North Texas State College, Denton, Jan. 1951
1. Tiling, Monitz, "HISTORY OF THE GERMAN ELEMENT IN TEXAS FROM 1820 to
Houston , Texas, 1913, ( a secondary work based on translations of German
language primary sources)
2. Williams, R.H. "WITH THE BORDER RUFFIANS, ,1852--68, jOHN MURRAY,
LONDON, 1907- (Eye witness accounts) ( There were Williamses in Erath
|County. This one was born in England, was a Private in Texas Partizan
Rangers , faced Commander Dunn down with witnesses, called him a
murderer and a thief and later became an officer in the C.S.A. Army)
1.Benjamin, Gilbert G. "THE GERMANS IN TEXAS", University of
Pennsylvania, D. Appleton Co. , agents, 1909
2.Biggers, Don H. 'GERMAN PIONEERS IN TEXAS", Gillespie County Edition,
Fredricksburg Publishing, Fredricksburg, 1925
3. Biselle, Rudolph Leoplod " The History of German Settlements in
Von Beckman- Jones, co. Austin , 1930
4. Biselle, Rudolf L. , "GERMAN ATTITUDES IN THE CIVIL WAR" - THE
HANDBOOK OF TRXAS, vOL. 1, wALTER PRESCOTT WEBB,EDITOTR IN CHIEF, Texas
State Historical Austin, 1952
5. Farber, James, TEXAS, C.S.A. , The Jackson Company, New York, 1947.
There are variances in these sources, but Mr. William's version comes
close to others and was written by a first hand participant.
Texas Germans voted for neither Lincoln nor Douglas. They backed
Breckenridge for Pres.
All sources give info on the misunderstood well educated Germans. By 1850
over half of Texas cotton was raised and harvested by White families.
March 16, 1850 German Democrat platform:
1. Abolish Capitonl Punishment.
2. Establish a Graduated income tax and inheritance tax.
3. Abolish Land speculators.
4. Slavery to be abolished in line with U.S. Constitution by each state
and Federal Govt. to insure peace and education and protection of all
concerned. A German National Convention was planned for 1859.
In 1861 in Alamo Plaza, a Methodist minister spoke for seceeding and a
German Unionist tried to speak. A riot broke out , several shoits fired,
but few died.
Comanches with rifles , naked and barebacked on fast ponies, were moving
in and attacking German homes. Germans refused to accept the Confederate
draft until C.S.A. sent Homefront protection, Lt. Mcrae was appionted
leader. Dunn, outcast Mercenary from Ireland, and the U.S. Army joined
and recruited some outlaw type then was voted McRae.s commander. Many
instances where McRae and his company were sent chasing a nonexistent
enemy and returned to find Dunn had hanged all prisoners- One Soldier
challenged him and was found the next day with his throat cut , hanging.
Fritz Tregnor organized 3 companies of Union Loyal League Williams said
they were needed to protect from Indians, but Dunn declared they would
disband or be the enemy. Governor Lubbock declared Martial Law. a Barb
Wire stockade was built in New Braunfels. Mr. Lubbock said they had to
swear support of the Confederacy or , in 1862, they had 30 days to leave
the state. Several tried and were hunted down by McRae and Dunn' Some say
McRae had a leg wound and was in bed.
Williams says that McRae had no knowledge of the brutality of Dunn.He
said Dunn looked like a bullfrog with guns.
After the War, Dunn went to Europe, and returned to Mexico where he was
killed by a Seminole Mulato.
One German killed in a seperate incident was a Mr. Giesekie. Dunn was
Scottish by birth and possibly Irish by immigration.
FROM MONUMENT ON OLD COMFORT HIGH SCHOOL GROUNDS- KILLED IN BATTLE OF
NEUCES, aUG. 10, 1862.
Johann Geo. Kalenberg
Captured or taken prisoner and murderred.
KILLED AT RIO GRANDE (Some say by McRae and men. Others say by Dunn)
Treue Der Union
True to the Union.
Some were not accounted for, Animals had moved their bones for 3 years
before first burial.
These were bound for Mexico under gov. Lubbock's decree and had a
large campfire on a prairie with no armed guards, singing and having
Vespers, travelling leisurely. Until the middle of the 20 th century two
Comfort High students raised the flag and two placed flowers on the
monument. Mr. Giesekie was killed in other action by these Partizan
Hope this helps clear up the Texan Partizan Rangers, who WERE NOT Texas
Charles A. Wyly