Thanks - that's so useful. Maybe it could be stored on our Rootsweb
Sri Lanka website?
Date: 02/02/2010 8:55
Subj: [SRILANKA] Records of 95th
Regt in Ceylon
I was cleaning out my files and found this, originally from the
Rootsweb section - if anyone has links to the 95th Regt
in Ceylon from 1838, here is lots of info.
The 95th Regiment in Ceylon, c. 1838-47
Transcribed from The Regimental Annual of The Sherwood Foresters,
Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment 1914 [edit. Colonel H. C.
Wylly, C. B].
Some few years ago the writer made an attempt to obtain some details
about the life of the 95th - now our 2nd Battalion - in Ceylon,
during the nine years they were quartered in that island from 1838 to
1847, but the attempt was only partially successful. Two applications
were made to the local staff to try to get them to induce one of
their clerks to take a financial interest in looking through old
order books and returns for that period, but without avail; and an
appeal was then made to the editor of the oldest of the Ceylon
papers, with the result which is here set down - but that editor, it
may be mentioned, attached a higher financial value to his gleanings
than, we fear, will our readers! The few notes obtained are now
published, not in any hope that they are of much regimental interest,
but purely for the reason that possibly they may be of some small
value to the regimental historian of the future.
The regimental records state that the Regiment embarked for Ceylon on
October 13th, 1838, but the earliest mention of the 95th in any
Ceylon publication is found in the "Ceylon Government Calendar" for
1839 as having been ordered to Ceylon from Newry, while the arrival
of the Regiment is notified in the same as March 4th, 1840, on board
the "Jupiter", Captain R. Fulton. In that year we find the name "J.
F. Dennis," at one time the Father of the Regiment, as the junior
The Calendar for 1841 gives a number of domestic occurrences:
"May 28th, at Colombo, the Lady of F. Feneran, Esq., Paymaster 95th
Regiment, of a daughter."
Feneran had then been Paymaster for some four years, having been
promoted from Quartermaster, an appointment he had held since the
raising of the Regiment, which he had been one of the first to join.
"April 6th, at Colombo, W. H. Underwood, Esq., 95th Regiment, to
Flora, third daughter of the late Capt. J. D. Bagenall, Ceylon Rifle
"Sept. 3rd, at Colombo, F. H. Clarke, Esq., H. M. 95th Regiment, to
Eliza Jane, daughter of W. A. Rogers of that corps."
"Nov. 16th, at Galle, W. A. Rogers, Esq., Lt. and Adjt. 95th
Regiment, to Maria Josina Catherina, only daughter of F. Ostheyden,
Ceylon Rifle Regiment."
These two last rather cryptic announcements seem to us to call for
some explanation. There appear at that time to have been in the 95th
three men of the name of Rogers - all of subaltern rank: "W. A.," who
was the Adjutant, "W. H.," who was the Quartermaster, and "C.," who
was the junior Ensign. We suggest, in justice to the hero of the
"domestic occurrence" dated November 16th, either that that Rogers
was married there for the second time, or that Clarke - who, by the
way, was the junior assistant-surgeon in the Regiment and served with
it many years - married a daughter of W. H. Rogers.
In this year Surgeon Ewing and wife came out from Calcutta and Madras
on February 2nd in the "Colombo", Captain D. Mackellan; Captain
Champion went home in the "Isabella" on January 16th, as did Lieut.
Smythe in the "Ferguson" on February 11th; while on April 1st Lieut.
Heyland sailed to Trincomallee in H. M. Troopship "Rattlesnake" -
presumably to join the detachment there.
During part of this year Lieut. W. Venour, of the 95th, was Acting A.
D. C. to the Governor.
Among the events of 1842 we find that on September 23rd there arrived
from Cork and Mauritius on the "Euphrates" 2 officers and 62 men,
95th Regiment, and on December 17th there arrived per barque
"Sumatra" from London and Madeira Captain and Mrs. Champion.
On March 24th Lieut. Pratt proceeded home in the "Thomas Coutts" with
5 sergeants, 3 corporals, 3 privates, 2 women, and 5 children of the
Regiment; and these were followed on July 3rd in the Persia by 2
sergeants and 1 woman.
On October 2nd, in a barque bearing the appropriate name of "Derby",
there left Colombo for Trincomallee Capt. St. Leger Alcock, Lieuts.
Master and Dennis, Ensign Chapman, Asst. Surgeon and Mrs. Clarke, 6
sergeants, 4 corporals, 2 drummers, 140 privates, 10 women, and 17
Capt. and Mrs. Brooks, 95th Regiment, went home on March 22nd. In
this year Colonel "Jimmy" Campbell, K. H., of the 95th, was
commandant at Kandy, where Capt. W. Fisher and Lieut. Heyland appear
to have "pooled" the onerous duties of staff officer.
In 1843 the Regiment received another small draft, the Persia on
September 6th bringing out Lieut. Hon. E. S. Plunkett, Dr. Gordon,
Ensign Carew, and Quartermaster Holt - the latter succeeding Rogers -
29 men, 2 women, and 5 children; but in the preceding February the
Regiment had lost 11 privates, who went home in the Sumatra, so that
the year's net gains were not large. In this year the domestic
occurrences were not numerous.
"On 22nd March, at Jaffna" (where is Jaffna?), "the Lady of Capt.
Champion, 95th Regiment, of a daughter.
"Major Walter was now commanding at Trincomallee; Capt. Fisher was
staff officer at Colombo; Heyland, now a captain, was employed under
the Commissioner of Roads, and Lieut. J. Randle Ford was Acting-
1844 was rather an unusually "domestic" year. Thus we read:
"On Feb. 7th, at Nuwara Eliya, the wife of Sergt. J. Foley, 95th
Regiment, of a daughter. " (This was probably the Foley who
afterwards became Quartermaster-Sergeant - see "Annual" for 1909, p.
"On April 9th, at Kandy, the Lady of W. Holt, Esq., 95th Regiment, of
"At Trincomallee, on 6th Oct., the Lady of Captain Heyland, 95th
Regiment, of a son." (Our readers will note and appreciate in these
democratic days the distinction between "wife" and "lady": there is
no mention, we notice, of the subaltern's "poor thing"!)
"Aug. 8th, at Trincomallee, John Thornhill, Sergt. 95th Regiment, to
Ellen, daughter of Sergt. Daly. "
"Nov. 10th, at Trincomallee, H. O. C. Master, Esq., 95th Regiment, to
Eliza Harriett, eldest daughter of J. Higgs, Esq., R. N."
"Dec. 6th, at Kandy, died Corporal William Burton, H. M. 95th
Among the arrivals and departures of this year we find that Lieut.
Taylor, Ensigns Eddington and Maxwell landed from Cork on September
9th; that Captain Maxwell went home on May 3rd; Ford, having got his
company, on April 22nd from Galle and Lieut. Cobbe on December 10th.
In 1845 Captain Heyland seems to have rejoined headquarters on March
26th from Trincomallee with Lieuts. Master and Taylor, Asst. Surgeon
Galland, 7 sergeants, 130 rank and file, 14 women, and 27 children,
belonging to the 95th, 90th, and 18th Regiments. The British
Sovereign arrived on July 29th with Lieut. Minchin, 19 men, 1 woman,
and 1 child. (One wonders of what use these small drafts were for
replacing ordinary casualties on foreign service, although, of
course, there was no T. E. wastage such as we find to-day). Major
Alcock went home on May 26th.
Three "Ladies" of the Regiment presented their Lords with children
this year, and Captain Rogers lost a boy, as did also Colour-Sergeant
James Johnson of the 95th.
In 1846 Bt. Major and Lieut. Raines - father and son - came out from
home on December 22nd, and Captain E. Thompson (? was this the father
of Lt.-Col. C. E. Thompson) went home on March 15th with 4 sergeants,
1 corporal, and 29 privates of the Regiment. Capt. Rogers followed on
June 11th. The only domestic event recorded this year is the marriage
on April 1st - one wonders whether the bride or the bridegroom
selected this date - at Kandy, of Lieut. Hon. E. S. Plunkett, 95th
Regiment, to Caroline Mary, third daughter of the late G. Templer,
About Plunkett the Ceylon Literary Register of a considerably later
date reminds its readers that "Fred, poor fellow, once had a series
of charges preferred against him, which led to his being tried by a
court-martial for conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman: the
greatest of these charges was 'calling for a glass of wine in an
hotel and leaving the house without paying for the liquor.' It is
needless to say that he was honourably acquitted, and that he
afterwards did good service in the Crimea and in India. Peace be to
the ashes of old Fred Plunkett." ("Fred" must have been something of
a pet name, his initials being "E. S.")
In 1847 Ensign Minchin (there were two officers of this name in the
95th) arrived on November 19th with a draft of "73 men, women, and
children" - the numbers are not given separately. On January 11th
Capt. Dennis, Lieut. Hon. E. S. Plunkett, Ensigns Maxwell and
Sargent, 127 rank and file, 10 women, and 25 children left for
Trincomallee; on the 19th of the same month 24 men, 5 women, and 7
children went home, and the "Tigris" took home on May 18th, 25 men, 7
women, and 17 children belonging to the 15th and 95th Regiments;
while in March the advanced party sailed for Hong-Kong in the "Castle
During the time he was quartered in Ceylon, Captain Champion seems to
have given a great deal of attention to its Botany and its Beetles,
and made a collection of the former; he was a member of the Ceylon
Agricultural Society, and contributed articles to local and home
papers on the botany of the colony. He was not forgotten when the
Regiment left Ceylon, for on hearing of his death from wounds
received at Inkerman, the Ceylon Observer published a very
sympathetic notice, concluding with the words: "While the Army mourns
over one of its brightest officers, Science bewails in him the loss
of one of her most devoted sons. The loss to Ceylon is especially
Other officers of the Regiment seem to have taken a more material
interest in the productions of the country, especially with regard to
the planting of coffee; thus in 1843 Captain Fisher purchased a
property at Hewahette of 617 acres, and five years later another of
691 acres, while in 1845 Captain Taylor bought 540 acres at
Batticalon; and among the reminiscences of early days of coffee
planting in Ceylon, Mr. P. D. Millie, in his "Thirty Years Ago",
writes: "It was about 1846-7 that Wavendon was first opened by
Captain Fisher, who, like most of the original planters, never reaped
any of the fruit from all his labours: Fisher was a great hunter in
This is all that could be obtained about the life of the Regiment in
Ceylon: it is of little military interest, it is feared, and it is to
be regretted that nothing was forthcoming about the cholera epidemic,
during which the Regiment behaved so well as to draw an especially
eulogistic order from the General Officer Commanding. It may be
interesting to add that the Col. Campbell, K. H., then commanding the
95th, was in the early part of 1852 appointed to the command of the
Forces in Australia. He is buried in Kensal Green Cemetery, where, in
the Monumental Chambers, there is a tablet bearing the following
To the memory of Major-General James Campbell, K. H., late commanding
95th Regiment who departed this life on the 18th of November, 1853,
in the 67th year of his age. This tablet is erected as a tribute of
her gratitude and affection by his surviving widow Elizabeth
Visit the Regiments. org page about the Derbyshire Regiment/95th
Regiment of Foot where you will also find more links to further
material relating to the Sherwood Foresters. [Land Forces of Britain,
the Empire and Commonwealth].
AJ, Moss Valley, 2001-02.
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