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As you know, the George Rogers Clark Papers of the Draper Manuscript
Collection (Series J, Vols. 28-33) contain a number of interesting interviews
and depositions about the capture of Ruddle's and Martin's Stations. Volume
29, in particular, has a section of documents about the capture (pages 18
through 25 and following). Many of these have been transcribed and posted to
the Ruddlesfort List.
But Draper also made lists of books, manuscripts and private papers that
contained accounts of the attack and capture of the forts - his own private
checklist of sources. The lists are copied below, with the source pages.
I've looked up many of these references but others remain out there to be
Draper Mss. 29J18. Page headed "Bird's Expedition - Ruddell's & Martin's
Forts Taken, 1780."
Below the interview with Mrs. Rhoda Ground, Warren Co., Ky., Oct. 1844,
Draper listed the following references:
· Spencer Records' Ms. Narrative, p. 21-22. See Dl. Bryan's statement.
· Col. Trabue's Memoir [published in 1981 by the University Press of Kentucky
as "Westward into Kentucky: The Narrative of Daniel Trabue"].
· Majr. Ben. Sharp's & Col. McLaughlin's letters, appended.
· Mrs. Ledwill & sister of Canada, taken in 1863. Vol. 1, Trip 1863, p. 200
[this ref is to a research trip Draper took to Canada in 1863].
· Peter Smith's notes - Vol. 2nd Trip 1863, p. 113 etc.
· American Pioneer, Majr. Sharp's statement.
· John Tofflemire, Vol. 4, Trip 1863 etc., p. 218 etc.
· Gov. Morrow's notes -- & Gov. Cass, appended.
· John Dunkin's Journal - appended.
· See notes of John Hinkston.
· Gatliff Papers -- appended.
· Shane's Collection, 1 - Woodford Co., p. 36 etc., do [ditto] 111, 141, 55.
· Witten's Chronicles, 214 etc.
· Kenton's Ms. Statement, in Kenton Papers.
· McDonald's Sketches, p. 241.
· Butler's Kentucky, 100-12.
· McBride's Pioneer Biography, I, 181, 189-95.
· Lavery's Journal, Amn. Edn. 1873, p. 50.
Draper Mss. 29J19, page headed: "Bird's Expedition - British account."
Following an account dated New York, Oct. 11, 1780, of Byrd's expedition
"from Vol. X, Alman's Remembrances 1780 (p. 347-8)," Draper lists the
· Stone's Brant, II, p. 71.
· Bradford's "Notes on Kentucky" p. 59 etc., 56-57.
· See notes Trip 1850, p. 159 & 211 abt. John McFall shooting Ths. McCarty
out a tree at Ruddle's Station.
Draper Mss. 29J20, headed "Bird's Expedition - Ruddell's & Martin's Station
On this page, Draper copied two accounts from the Maryland Journal: one
published in the Journal on Oct. 17, 1780, containing an "extract of a letter
from Pittsburgh, Sept. 1" about the attacks ("Captn. Bird, with a few
regulars & Canadians, and, they report, 700 Savages, hath entirely broke up
one of the Kentucky settlements, having made prisoners 400 men, women &
children." The second, published in the Maryland Journal Sept. 19, 1780, is
an "extract of a letter from Fort Pitt, Aug. 18: "The enemy have lately
killed and taken near 400 men, women & children from Licking Creek, near
Kentucky; and it is probable their next attempt will be against this part of
the country," etc.
Draper Mss. 29J21, headed "Bird's Expedition - Ruddell's & Martin's Stations
Ruddell's & Martin's Stations Taken. -
Maj. Ben. Sharp, of Pinckney, Mo., wrote me Feb. 25, 1845: "I never
understood that any were killed at Riddle's Station. The British planted
their artillery against the fort, and summoned them to surrender. The men at
once saw that they could not defend the fort against the British cannon; they
therefore stipulated for protection against the Indians, and surrendered to
the British officer. The number taken, I never knew. My brothers-in-law who
were taken, with their wives and families, were Captn. John Dunkin and
[Draper note:] See Amn. Pioneer, I, p. 359, which mentions particularly
that the Mingo Chief, Logan, was with Bird's army.
Beneath Draper's note are the following references, in his handwriting:
· Letters to Washington, III, 63:119, represent that the force of Col. Bird
was 200 whites & 700 Indians.
· Vol. 8, Trip 1860, p. 100? [copy not clear].
· Vol. 2nd Trip 1860, p. 81, 82 & 90.
· Vol. 3rd Trip 1860, p. 15 & 16, showing 470 persons made prisoners.
· Wm. Clark Papers, p. 1.
· Capt. Isc. Ruddell's bad conduct: Trip 1860, Vol. III, p. 178 - Record's
Ms. Narrative, p. 21.
· Man Spy, Sept. 7, 1780, has reference to a letter dated at Fort Pitt Aug.
4th about a party of 600 Indians & 150 English & French destined against
Kentucky - Indians turned back by Majr. Linctot[??].
· Col. Ar[thur] Campbell's letter, in Preston Papers, V. No. 22, June 13th,
1780, states the report that Col. John Butler of Wyoming memory, was to
command, & were expected at the Falls the last of June.
· Jefferson's letter June 15 '80 also refers to this Western invasion.
Thanks to the diligence of Jim Sellars and others, many of the above
references have been found, transcribed and posted to the Ruddlesfort List
and Bob Francis's website. Other documents are yet to be found - which is why
I'm posting Draper's checklist.
One last interesting item that I found at the library. This comes from the
Shane interview of Josiah Collins of Bath Co., KY. Leading up to this
paragraph, Josiah is telling the story of Clark's 1782 campaign against the
Shawnee, then he goes into how Mrs. McFall was recovered.
Rev. John D. Shane's Interview with Josiah Collins, Bath Co., KY (Draper MSS
"Maj. Morrison & Hugh Martin, being a little out, met with Mrs. McFall, a
white woman prisoner, riding on a horse, with a bag of taughsemenonne [?]
under her. (roasted ears dried in a kettle so that they can get it off of the
cob - put it in water, boil it, as good as roasting ears.) & 2 squaws
walking. The ladies (we may call them) were frightened at the sight of the
white men. She rode off. Morrison shot & crissed the horse, & she was thrown &
Morrison took her, & brought her back on the horse with the corn. Martin
pursued & caught one of the squaws, & the other one escaped into the swamp."
"The next day, 80 men of us, were sent on horseback to the town where Mrs.
McFall had resided."
Further into the narrative (Draper MSS 12CC:105)
"McFall was taken, I think, in the summer of 1780, in Martin's or Riddle's
Station. He & wife & 7 children. All afterwards got back safe to Kentucky. We
got Mrs. McFall at this time."
I went through some more Draper records (Boone Papers) and found a few more
Ruddell and Martin Station references that are very interesting, especially
to Hinkson descendants and Laforce descendants. These come from interviews of
George and Daniel Bryan, who lived at Bryan's Station in 1780. I'm not sure
what year these interviews were made, but I may be able to find out. Probably
in the 1840s.
Rev. John D. Shane's Interview with George Bryan (Draper MSS 22C16)
A Mr. Laforce, came out in 1779. An Indian had a wife of the Mulatto woman
[Hannah?] belonging to Mrs. Laforce. She [Agnes LaForce?] came to Riddle's
Station just before it was taken. On their way out, her husband [Rene
LaForce?] died at the Big - or Flat Lick, (known by either name,) 7 miles
this side of Cumberland ford. The Indian's children [Grace, Rachel, Patrick?]
had pretty blue eyes, skin neither black, red, nor white, kinked hair - &c.
They were taken prisoner. One of the children now lives in Missouri.
[The names in brackets are mine. Did I read this right? If you ask me, the
Indian was married to Hannah, daughter of Betty. Hannah was taken by
Frederick Fisher an Indian interpreter. Hannah's children (Grace, Rachel, and
Patrick) were all taken by the Indians. Probably because of their Indian
heritage. Maybe. Just an educated guess. Jim]
Rev. John D. Shane's Interview with Daniel Bryan (Draper MSS 22C14[18-19])
Byrd landed his baggage at Falmouth. First went to Riddle's (or Hinkston's
Station, as it is otherwise named.) The people of every town had their grip,
their hold. If it was by the wrist, and the man seized his prisoner by the
arm, and then came up & seized the man already taken by the grip proper to
his town, it was his prisoner. It was this that occasioned such squabbling.
The Indians seizing by the proper grip, was not willing to let his man be
stripped. While the 1st one, determined, if he couldn't have any more, at
least to have the clothes. So they rolled and & dirtied them all. They were
Byrd, seeing the inhumane treatment, to which the prisoners were there
exposed, determined not to go to Martin's Station, until the Indians agreed
to let them have all the prisoners with one suit of clothing on them. So Byrd
told them at the surrender, to put on as many suits of clothing as they
Hinkston was taken at Riddle's Station (He gave name to the Fork of
Licking, of that name, & to this station.) They had gotten back with the
prisoners, and were encamped beyond Licking, at Falmouth. While there, it
was, that he made his escape. He had been stripped, in common with the
others, but one of the British officers had given him an old London brown
suituit [suit?] coat. At night , he went out to make water-as if-but
determining to make his escape. When he had gone as far as he thought the
guard would let him, he moved his limbs to see if he had suppleness enough
left to attempt it. He then flew off, not seeing where he went the Indians
howling and hallooing in the pursuit. The army was encamped on the bank, so
that he came suddenly to the brink of the precipice, & plunged into deep
water. The Indians were all the while in hearing. Hinkston, who was a good
swimmer, speedily gained the opposite shore, & made his way on towards
Bryan's Station. That night he heard a party of Indians owling & gobbling,
(he heard a bell 1st.) and discovered that he was near by their camp, without
their discovering him.
The last party he passed, was within 6 miles of Bryan's station. When
Hinkston arrived at Bryan's Station, & brought the news of the capture of
Martin's & Riddle's Stations (for it was not known there before,) some who
had just been out hunting their horses, & had gotten them, were for going
back to the old settlements. Charles Lockhart, (who was a surgeon,) got up &
said for every man or woman who had a horse to clear out. And, what, said
[blank], shall those do, who have no horses? Go to Lexington, said Lockhart.
Hinkston, when he perceived the terror his tidings had spread, got up &
explained that the Indians were on their way off, that the largest party had
already gone, and that the others he had spoken of, were then on their way.
On this their fears subsided.
>From McConnell's, (cabiners,) they soon came into Lexington.
Froim McClelland's Station they probably went to Harrodsburgh
>From Todd's Station, at Bowman's Spring, (before Bowman came out,) they went
>From Craig's Station, where Wickliff's is, & Grant's Station, towards
Millersburg, they went to Bryan's Station.
That is all,