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The following was posted on the Russell County, VA, message board on April 20
--Lois Sutherland Wark
Las Cruces, New Mexico
[Unable to display image]>
Author: <A HREF="http://boards.ancestry.com/mbexec?htx=author&r=rw&a=&ee=xTysswJ9sCDPsA-_f...">Canie Burns Litton, Jr.</A> [Unable to display image]> Date: 20 Apr 2001 6:00 AM
Surnames: Litton, Wilcoxen, Duncan, Porter, Berry, Laughlin
The life and Times of Captain Soloman Litton Sr.
by Canie Burns Litton Jr.
20 April 2001
Soloman Caleb Litton Sr. [Captian] born 22 December 1751, Botetourt County
Virginia, Died 24 February 1843, Corner Section, Russell Co, Va. S/O John
Richard Litton Sr. and Sarah Ann Wilcoxen of Rockville, of Prince George
County, Maryland. Soloman was a grandson of Caleb Polleckfield
Litton, born in Autre-St Marys, Devon, England who came to the Maryland
Colony as a soldier in the Royal Dragoons in 1700. His grandfather purchased
a 405 acre Land grant in Prince George County [Rockville] in 1720. John and
Sarah migrated to Augusta Co.Va [where he practiced British Common law, during
his useful years] then retired to Washington Co. Va. [Elk Garden] [now Russell
County] with his son Soloman Caleb Litton Sr. on his plantation [Litton Hill].
Soloman was tutored by his mother, who was a teacher, but later became
interested in the Trapping-trade, and migrated to the Clinch River frontier
[Washington Co] to become a "Long Hunter" and original settler. He married on
24 May 1774 to Martha Alexis Duncan , a sister of Captain John Duncan,
commander of the Elk Garden Fort, where Solomon served as a militiaman the
rest of his life. Beginning in the French-Indian War [Governor, With Gov.
Dunsmores] in 1774 , [rank of Ensign] then many skirmishes in and around the
Clinch River frontier, being promoted to 2nd Lt. at Fort Glade Hollow,
Washington Co Va. In 1779, enchanted by the lures of the Kentucky free land
by preemption and improvement acts and with other family members, i.e.,
Brothers-in-laws, Captain John Duncan-Samuel Porter-Francis Berry-James
Laughlin, traveled to the forts, Ruddles and Martins on the Licking River and
marked out and improved 400 acres and recorded a preemption grant for that
land for 405 acres, in 1778. Before he could have it properly surveyed and a
grant issued, he and family were captured by the British [Col Bird] and
Shawnees Indians and deprived of such, and marched away [by foot] [entire
family] to Fort Detroit, the British NW headquarters, where he was held
prisoner for three years, [entire family] before being released in 1783. He
returned when released to the Licking River and his improvement, finding it
occupied by actual survey by others, filing a law suit and loosing, he
returned to Elk Garden, VA there remained the rest of his life. He
established a two story, double square log, house, with out buildings, i.e.,
barns, corn cribs, meat smoke houses, plus chapel [Episcopal].
His "Litton Hill" became a trading post and a post office for that community.
The name came from a high hill easily seen on toadies topographical maps,
which depicts a house on a hill [elevation] with a lane that comes up the hill
[from main road] to house and circles around then returns to main
road. [Litton Hill Road] Also shown is a road from house to Cemetery [Litton
Hill Cemetery] refer to map coordinates in footnotes. His son John, an
artist, composed a painting of the house in pastel or oil , when Soloman
Deeded the property to Son, John, Soloman, then retired to a country home in
the Corner Section, Russell Co. Va, [150 acres] which he had purchased in
1789. [after release] He would will this property to Son Soloman Jr. at his
death on 24 February 1843. He progressed in Rank from Private in
Gov. Dunesmores War to Captain of Russell Co Militia in 1791, [Brownings
Company] he served as a policing agent until his death. He and Martha are
buried in a private family cemetery [part of his retirement property in
Corner Section] as are many of his offspring and spouces. [known as Soloman
Litton Hollow Cemetery] Soloman was age 92 at death. Martha had passed in
1821. The family at capture on 20th June 1780, composed of Wife Martha, Son
John  Son Thomas Duncan Litton born 1777, Son Burton Caleb Litton born
April 1780 in cabin near fort Martins [on Licking River]. A son Soloman Caleb
Jr was born  while family was in captivity by Shawnee Indians.
According to paintings of Captain Soloman and other sketches, he was over six
feet in height, weights approx. 250 pounds, red hair [with beard] blue eyes
and ruddy complection. To see the location of his original land, one can go to
the web site <A HREF="http://www.topozone.com/">http://www.topozone.com</A> and enter the following coordinates
Elk Garden, VA Quadrangle:
N: 36deg. 55min. 00sec. 4087734 meters N
W: 81deg. 57min. 30sec. 414873 meters E
For Soloman Litton Hollow Cemetery:
Lebanon VA. Quadrangle:
N: 36deg 56min. 41sec. 40891 meters N
W: 82deg 02min. 48sec. 40750 meters E
Coordinates are plus or minus.
Does anyone by chance have copies (or know where to find them?) of the lawsuits in Harrison Co (not exactly sure of time, thinking 1812 off the top of my head)
which involved land pre-emptions, specifically in which the McFall family land was involved?