Sorry about the fouled up message on Thomas Ravenscraft. I goofed on my
first mailing and had to copy and paste the message into the one that I
sent to you. It came out looking pretty lousy!
Following is some information on Lieutenant Thomas Ravenscraft, one of
the defenders of Ruddle's
Fort. He is the fellow mentioned by Maude Lafferty (in her article "The
Destruction of Ruddle's and
Martin's Forts During the Revolutionary War"):
"RAVENSCRAFT. Known as Lieutenant Ravenscraft. He was cruelly tortured
by the Indians at
the stake and was made to run the gauntlet. Kinney said of him: "If this
is a man; then a man is a
strange looking thing." Ravenscraft returned to live and die in Harrison
County, Kentucky. His
sufferings have been told and retold, but his grave is still unmarked."
Name: Thomas RAVENSCRAFT
Birth: abt 1756
Death: 1827 Age: 71
Father: Robert RAVENSCRAFT (~1720-)
[From Burgess, Louis A. Virginia Soldiers of 1776, Vol. I.
(Spartanburg, South Carolina: The
Reprint Company, 1973), pp. 349-350. Reproduced from 1927 edition of
the Virginia State Library,
Lieutenant Thomas Ravenscroft.
>From a memorandum on file. Heirs:Nancy Hinkson, Margaret Hinkson and
Elizabeth Ewalt, 342-2/3
acres. Warrant 8427. Issue 25 Nov., 1836. Recorded, Book 3, page 425,
Va. L. Off.
Humphrey Hinkson and Nancy his wife who was formerly Nancy Ravenscroft,
of Harrison Co., Ken.
appointed Wm. H. Todd their Atty. to obtain warrant in virtue of the
service of Thomas Ravenscroft
who was a Lieut. in the Va, line during the Rev. War. 7 Sept., 1836.
Acknowledged before Thos. B.
Woodyard, J. of P. Harrison Co. Ken.
John Hinkson and Margaret his wife who was daughter of Elizabeth Ewalt
who was a daughter of
Thomas Ravenscroft of Harrison Co., Ken. appointed the same Atty. 7
Humphrey Hinkson, guardian of Elizabeth Ewalt, daughter of Elizabeth
Ewalt, dec'd. who was daughter
of Thos. Ravenscroft, appointed the same Atty.
Elizabeth Ewalt infant daughter of John Ewalt, being over fourteen years
of age, came into court and
chose Humphrey Hinkson to be her guardian.
The children of Lieut. Thomas Ravenscroft were: James, Thomas, William,
Robert, Polly (now the
wife of Aaron Miller), Mary (the wife of Humphrey Hinkson), John,
dec'd., Betsy, dec'd. (wife of
John Ewalt), Margaret Humble, dec 'd.
The children of John (son of Lieut. Thomas) Ravenscroft were:Sally
Culp, Betsy (married John
Montgomery), and Milton.
The children of Betsy Ewalt (daugh. of Lieut. Thomas) were:Margaret
(wife of John Hinkson), Julie
(wife of George W. C. Smith), Elizabeth, Rebecca, Henry, Samuel, Nancy
The children of Margaret Humble, dec'd. were:Harry (Harvey), John,
Louisa, and Uriah.
Deposition of Joseph Shawhan, Sr., Harrison Co., Ken. 8 Nov., 1834:
"Thomas Ravenscroft, Lieut. in the Illinois Regiment, died 1827, at that
time a citizen of Harrison Co.
Ken. He left the following children:James, Thomas, William, Robert,
Polly, married Aaron Miller;
Nancy, married Humphrey Hinkson: the living children of said Thomas
Ravenscroft, dec'd. That
John, another son, now deceased, left Sally (married John Culp), Betsy
(married John Montgomery),
and Milton Ravenscroft his children.
That Betsy Ewalt another daughter of said Thomas is now dead, leaving
Margaret Hinkson wife of John
Hinkson, Juliana Smith, wife of George C. Smith, Elizabeth, Rebecca,
Henry, Samuel and Ann Ewalt
That Margaret Humble another daughter of said Thomas Ravenscroft is now
dead having left Harvey,
John, Louisa and Uriah, her children." Signed under oath. Joseph
Note. The name Hinkson is in most instances spelt as given, but in the
deposition of Shawhan, it was
Warrant 9259 for 88-2/3 acres issued Dec. 10th, 1850 to Sally Culp the
heir of John Ravenscroft, late
Lieut. in Va. State line.
Harrison Co. Court, Ken. Oct., 1850. On oath of Joseph Shawhan and Henry
E. Shawhan it is proved
that Sally the wife of John Culp is the daughter of John Ravenscroft,
she being the eldest daughter. That
there were two other children Milton and Elizabeth Ravenscroft (who
married John Montgomery). That
John Ravenscroft was the son of Capt. Thomas. That John had no other
children, and that he died in the
year 1813 or about that time, that his father' Thomas has been dead
upwards of twenty Years. Certified
as true transcript, Th. B. Woodward, Clerk. 14 Oct., 1850.
At the same court, 10th June, 1833. On the oath of Humphrey Hinkson who
Ravenscroftit was proven upon testimony of William K. Wall and
Washington Wilson that Thomas,
James, Robert and William are the surviving sons of Thomas Ravenscroft,
Note. John, son of Thomas died 1813 and this affidavit was made twenty
years later. Thomas had four
daughters: Polly (married Aaron Miller), Patsy (married John Ewalt),
Nancy (married Humphrey
Hinkson) and Peggy (married Garrett Humble). The wives of Ewalt and
Humble died leaving infant
The deposition continues:That Samuel and John, two other sons of Thomas
Ravenscroft died leaving
infant children and that there are no other heirs of of Thomas
Ravenscroft than the aforementioned. The
heirs agreed that Humphrey Hinkson should administer the estate
according to annexed will. Certified as
true transcript of court record, Thomas Woodyard, Clerk. 25 Nov., 1850.
Harrison Co., Ken. Dec., 1849. Personally appeared before S. B. Curran,
J. of P.John Culp and
Sally his wife who made oath that they were married on 1st day of Sept.,
1824 that Sally was eldest
daughter of John Ravenscroft who died 1813 and that he was the son of
Thomas Ravenscroft, an officer
in the Illinois Regt. Teste, Th. B. Woodyard. John and Sally Culp
appointed John M. McCalla as their
Capt. Benjamin Field Pension Application, Virginia Revolutionary War
p. 74: 12 June 1783. Pay account of Thomas Ravenscraft for 11 July 1781
to 12 Sept. 1781 as
lieutenant in Capt. Benj. Field's corps of light dragoons under Brig.
Gen. George Rogers Clark, 64
days, and from 12 Sept. 1781, being the day he was taken prisoner, to 30
Jan. 1783, being the day he
returned home on parole, 595 days £252.1.8.
p. 75: 20 Feb. 1832. Versailles, Ky. John (X) Allen declares he is in
his 80th year since January last.
He was stationed at the falls of the Ohio River in 1780 with Col. George
Slaughter's corps. Benjamin
Field received the appointment of ensign in Capt. Thomas' company in the
summer of that year and
served until the deponent received a leave of absence the next fall to
return to Virginia. He understood
Field also returned to Vlrginia the same fall. The deponent came down
the river to the falls of the Ohio
with Col. Crockett's regiment in the spring of 1781. He met Benjamin
Field in the Red Stone country in
the spring of 1781 and understood he had been promoted to a captaincy in
a troop of horse in the
Virginia State Library. Field raised his company of horse, in which
Thomas Ravenscroft was an officer.
They came to the falls of the Ohlo, now Louisville, in the spring or
early summer of 1781, perhaps in
June with Col. Crockett's regiment and were stationed there. Part of the
troop was at some of the
stations near the falls and part was under Col. Floyd when defeated by
the Indians in September of that
year. Thomas Ravenscroft and others were taken prisoner and Robert
Ravenscroft was killed. The
deponent was raised near Field in Virginia and they were acquainted from
23 July 1832. Maysville, Ky. Thomas Young declares he is 81 years old.
He commanded a company in
Crockett's regiment. BenJamin Field commanded a troop of horse in the
Virginia State Line and
descended the river in the spring of 1781 to the falls where he was
stationed. He lost a large portion of
his company ln Sept. 1781 at Floyd's defeat. In the fall of 1781 the
time of enlistment of the deponent's
company expired and he left the falls as a supernumerary officer and did
not return. He believes Field
was in service to the end of the war as supernumerary.
p. 75-76: 13 July 1838. Shelbyville, Ky. James Ballard, now in the 76th
or 77th year of his age,
declares ln 1779 he became acquainted with Capt. Benjamin Field in
Spotsylvania or Culpeper Co., Va.
Field and the deponent's family came to Kentucky. He thinks Field acted
as an ensign in Slaughter's
corps for some time. He was acquainted witb Field in 1781 at the falls
of the Ohio. In the spring of 1781
Fields was in command of a troop of horse and continued in command until
a few days before Floyd's
defeat when a large portion of his troop was required to go to Boon's
Station to move the families from
there to Bear Grass Station. On their way down, while encamped, the
Indians made an attack on them
and killed nearly all the men, women and children. He thinks
Ravenscroft, Field's lieutenant, was taken
prisoner. Field with the remainder of the troop was with the affiant in
an engagement with the same body
of Indians the next day and the whites were again defeated and Field's
company nearly all killed, as well
as the remainder of the whites. Field was left without a command.
1: Margaret HINKSON
Birth: abt 1770
Father: John HINKSON (ca1729-ca1789)
Mother: Margaret McCRACKEN
Marriage: 6 Sep 1786 Bourbon County, Kentucky*
Marriage Memo: *Bourbon County was formed in 1792.
Children: Elizabeth "Betsy" (1793-<1827)
My name is Mike Eddleman and I joined Ruddles in hope to find information on
Eddleman's but after seeing Finleys I wonder about my mothers family who are
Finley's. Any help will be appreciated.
Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Vol. 31, pg. 306.
Page 320 -- Complete Record Book "C" --
Deposition of James Sodowski, at his own home in Bourbon County, 24
April 1810, desposes: -- "I came to Kentucky in the year of 1773 and I
had no particular place of residence until the summer of 1774 when I and
others planted a crop of corn at a place called Fountain Blue, a place
about three miles below Harrodsburg and in that year I went back to
Virginia and I returned and made a crop of corn at Harrodsburg and in
the fall of that year I again went back to Virginia and returned to
Kentucky in the spring of 1779 and resided at Harodsburgh from the time
until 1782, principally. The Kentucky River was generally known by that
name by the inhabitants before and in the year of 1780. Isaac Hite lived
principally at Harrodsburg and at the place called Fountain Blue whilst
he was in this country but believe he went to Virginia about the fall of
1776 or 1777 and returned to Kentucky in the fall of the year 1779."
Reverend Shane's Interview with Mrs. Shanklin
Prepared for publication by Patricia Potts Van Patten, Denver, CO.
Introduction: For information about John D. Shane and his interviews,
read Lucian V. Rule's introduction to the published interview with
Ephriam Sandusky which appeared in the Filson Club Quarterly, Vol. 8,
(1934), pg. 217 to 218. The original manuscripts are owned by the
Wisconsin State Historical Society and they have put them on microfilm.
This interview can be found on film #889,117 in the Genealogical Library
in Salt Lake City, UT. This interview is number four of the Jessamine
County, Kentucky interviews.
This interview of Shane's is here printed as written except for
abbreviated words and numbers which have been spelled out. Spelling has
not been corrected except when the meaning may not be apparent. Rev.
Shane had his own system of short hand and abbreviations which, at time,
was difficult to decipher. Every effort has been made to interpret the
interview as it was written.
Shane's Interview with Mrs. Shanklin
Mrs. Shanklin, widow. Memory gone and mind broken so that she can
scarcely connect her ideas. Was assisted to converse by her son, a
lawyer in Nicholasville.
Robert Shanklin came out in 1774 or 1775. Came here in the fall 1775 and
staid till the spring 1776. Was out ten months till he raised a crop and
planted some corn in Mercer. Sodowsky had been out in 1775 - gone back
and came down this fall.
1. David Williams
2. Peter Casey
3. Jacob Sodowsky
4. Ebeneezer Sovreigns
5. Peter Higgins
6. Isaac Hite
7. Robert Shanklin
What seven were these? Those with Sodowsky in the canoe? We built two
boats at Morgantown, PA and started for Kentucky the first day of
September 1784. One boat was for horses, the other a family boat. Had
four families - 1. Robert Shanklin, 2. Richard Shanklin, 3. John H.
(this was all to this name), 4. Jacob Sodowsky, and Wm. Morris, Andrew
Burns, Jas Alexander, and Elijah Tuscin (?), young men. As they were
floating along eating their breakfast, my Mother saw an Indian with his
gun raised ready to fire. She told the company and they threw the stern
out so as to get farther from the shore. The boat was so protected at
the sides that the Indians could not have killed anyone. That evening
when they landed to stop for the night, they heard ground squirrels, or
owls, or wolves, in different parts of a circle round. Mrs. Sodowsky,
who had been a prisoner among Indians, knowing the cause of the sounds,
they pushed off and went on. We came to Clear S. (station) on Clear's
run, about eighteen miles from Louisville. I think it was December when
we got there. We were a long time on water. After Mr. Shanklin got to
Clear S., he didn't know where his land lay. Had to come up to
Harrodsburg to get a man to find where his land lay. He built two cabins
about a mile or a mile and a half from Clear S. It was New Years day the
day when he got into them. Father and Uncle Richard, Jas Anderson
(Alexander), Andy Burns, apprentices to my Father and to Uncle (and
Tuscin), we were all there until October in peace. Richard Shanklin had
been off somewhere and bought a cow and was driving her home. He stopped
at this Blue Lick run only about two hundred yards from the cabins to
let his horse drink, and was always positive that he heard a gun snap at
him. This was the evening before what follows.
(Adventure about 1785 October). Jas Anderson had gone into the cornfield
to cut corn. My father was at the corner of the house grinding at the
hand mill when he heard the gun, not more than fifty to sixty yards from
the cabins. He run in and got his gun and when he got to the spot, the
smoke of the gun fired was not more than ten feet from the bound.
Anderson, instead of running to the house, went in the opposite. And
then the indians got between him and the house. As he jumped the
cornfield fence, he sprained his ankle and there was another indian
outside there, who then soon caught him. He would have escaped from both
if he had not sprained his ankle. Three indians now took him in charge
and carried him off a little piece to a sink and there waited till the
other four indians came up, when they went to the knobs, about two miles
off. There they staid the remainder of the day, and trimmed and painted
him. At night they started on to cross the Ohio. The indians had painted
Anderson at first in black. But he gave them insinuations that he was a
gunsmith and could repair their guns. They then daubed him with spots of
red, an indication of more pleasure, and picked our all his hair but the
crown. His hands were tied behind. His plan was to, and he did let them
get and keep on a little before (him), till, as they were passing over a
log, he was eight or ten steps in the back and stopped and squatted
behind the root of a tree, in a spice bush. When they missed him they
stopped and hunted awhile, but, being unable to find him, they whistled
on their chargers and went on. Anderson slipped his arms under him
during the night, and with the aid of his teeth, succeeded in loosing
his hands, and got into Mann's Lick, about seven miles from our place,
naked, trimmed, and painted, sometime next morning.
There were seven men about the house when Anderson was taken. Five had
started to go in pursuit of those indians that were after Anderson. And
two that had jumped out of bed and started just as they were, when they
had gotten sixty or seventy yards off, on the top of a hill, stopped and
remarked that all ought not to leave the women and houses alone, and,
nothing being replied, each added, I will go back; and then, these men
started and came back. When they had gotten back, the women told them
they had seen indians before the door (in front of the door) behind a
log jump up and peak over. My Mother said she had seen one raise up
three times before they went into he house. They might have shot them if
they had thought the men wouldn't have gone farther. Father supposed he
had more men, too, than they had expected as he had hired one or two to
help him cut up corn that morning. One of the men then got on the top of
the house, by the chimney, and called for the five to come back, there
were indians there. At this the five returned, divided into two parties
and went around the log. Here they could distinctly see where four
indians had been in wait with the prints of their hands and feet.
The indians had made their escape on hearing the call.
(Adventure about 1785 October). Jas Anderson had gone into the cornfield
to cut corn. My father, Mrs. Richard said, "Anderson has done something
noble". "Lord", says Mrs. Robert, "Anderson had no gun". And the next
thing was Anderson's voice crying, "indians! indians!" Mrs. Robert had
milked the sixth or seventh of eight cows, and now, cleared a high fence
into the yard with both buckets of milk and without spilling a drop.
Such was the consternation caused by the attack and the anxiety for the
fate of Anderson that the cabiners utterly forgot to eat anything during
the whole day. On the next morning, as Mrs. Shanklin was getting
breakfast ready,, Anderson made his appearance. (Rev. Shane makes a note
here that he may not have understood what Mrs. Shanklin said. He notes
that Jas Anderson, apprentice, was the field cutting corn the evening
before. Killed an indian. Nine cows to milk. Seven were done and two to
go. I was milking a cow. I was cutting corn in the field. Two buckets,
one in each hand. Jumped the fence with them clear, and they all raised
a laugh to see me.)
Father was a blacksmith and sometimes was obliged to be from home; and,
as he could not think of leaving his family in these circumstances, and
there was no prospect of a termination to the indian hostilities, he now
removed to within three miles of Danville, the thickest settled part of
Mercer, the thickest settled and oldest part of the county which
furnished more employment for his trade. My father moved over here the
Spring Scott's son was killed. Had to send hands down to help guard
about Scott's landing while they could plant.
My father said when he was first in Kentucky there were but four women
in Kentucky and they were at Harrodsburg - Mrs. Denton, Mrs. McGary,
Mrs. Ashby (?), and Mrs. Harrod. There were just enough for two
four-handed reels and part of the men would guard at one time and part
at another time while the rest alternately danced. When Sodowsky went
over the river, he found Harrodsburg evacuated; the men had left little
notes stuck up on the trees stating that the indians had become so
troublesome they couldn't remain here longer. They hadn't ammunition,
(enough for provisions, but not enough for attack) was the reason they
didn't go through by land. ((Shane notes - I suppose they might not have
known the way through the wilderness and have been afraid to try to
When out in 1774 my father was down in Jefferson and wanted to write or
send some word back to Virginia and for that purpose started for
Harrodsburg. The first night he was taken with a severe rheumatic pain
from a fall of rain, so that he was detained eight or nine days in the
woods. He had to lift his leg over every log and had not game been very
plenty he must have suffered.
((Shane notes - Sandusky's return by water evidences his knowledge of
the geography of the country and is a striking illustration of the
isolated distance and the hazard of the attempted settlement.))
A little Scotchman down on Salt River, below Shelbyville about twenty
miles from Louisville between Bullit's Lick and Shelbyville, had been
out and killed a bear. It was near a sink and he drew his prey into it
to skin and put up. There was a big indian at that time in hearing,
whose large track had been seen for four or five years in every
depredation committed in that neighborhood. The little Scotchman had
drawn his prey into a little cluster of bushes so thick as not readily
to be seen, although distinctly heard doing his work of carving. The big
indian with a broad grin looking down upon his exposure. He reached down
and took up his gun and killed the indian with a fire so effectual into
the pit of the stomach that his contenance retained its grin after his
body had fallen lifeless to the ground.
(Shane has written beside the following incident - Harrodsburg 1777)
Father said he could see an indian most any day at all during the sixty
days of the siege at Harrodsburg by watching two or three hours. They
would go out after night, go way off from the fort and hunt and come in
the night again. He had to go out one night with a white horse. When he
came in, he led his horse by the length of a long buffalo tug, so that
if the indians should run up to attack it he would be a little distance
and could run. He got in safely.
A man during the siege was wounded seventy or eighty yards from the
fort. A guard went out to bring him in; we knew that as soon as the man
was gotten the indians would fire and the guard agreed to break and run.
My father had to cross a high horsed log which happened to be in his
way. He said he cleared it and afterwards went out and the fairest run
he could take, he could only reach the top of it.
My father, at night, even when there was no danger, as night came on
would glare his eyes around and keep glancing and watchful. There was a
turnip patch in a clearing near Harrodsburg. When the cows went up to a
field of weeds on one side of the place and began to swell and appear
affrighted, they discovered to the people of the fort, that there were
indians there. This was in the morning. A man went out by calling, to
keep up a coy to let it be seen that they were not known of. Companies
went out in the meantime to the other sides of the field. One company
came up, fired and killed one and wounded others. This seen by the
company on the opposite side. And again in the field by this first party
a second time.
The Indians from Chillicothe attacked Voss's station on the fork of
Roanoke. Took my mother, when a child, with her mother and her mother's
sister (afterwards Mrs. Abraham Inskip). Her father, Colonel Voss, was
not at home then. She didn't get back (my mother) till she was fourteen
or fifteen. She had been way up on Goose Creek at the Salt works with
the indians making salt. She told my father of the works and urged him,
telling him in the woods. He had to lift his leg over every log and had
not game been very plenty he must have suffered.
My great-grandfather was from Poland. He was no hand to labor but was a
great scholar. He was said to be able to speak seven different languages
and to have given the name to the Sandusky Bay and Town from being the
first trader that ever went there to trade with those indians. I never
got any writing from my grandfather and don't know how he spelled his
name. But my father retained the polish form Sodowsky. My two uncles,
James and Anthony, made use of the Anglicized form Sandusky. The hay
party was cut off by the indians who killed one of the finest warriors
in all the white settlements of that party.
At a time previous to this, they were all out gathering seng (probably
ginseng, an aromatic root). It was a time of peace with the indians and
a party of indians had been around about the encampment for some time.
The guards were all standing out, as if they were in perfect security,
till suspicion of the indians began to rise in their minds. It was
immediately discovered by the indians and before my Uncle Sam could
finish whispering his suspicions both parties rushed simultaneously for
the guard. One indian got in pursuit of my Uncle Sam and ran until he
had passed through a glade and came and jumped down the steep bank of a
Comments by Mrs. Van Patten --
The 1850 Kentucky census shows a George L. Shanklin, an attorney, age
39, living in Nicholasville. Tax records of Jessamine County Kentucky
show a Robert Shanklin and wife, Magdalin, were early settlers there.
Bullitt County Kentucky records show an estate settlement dated 19
October 1815 for a Richard Shanklin with Robert Shanklin administrator.
I would like to express gratitude to Dr. George Sandusky, Jr. of New
Palestine, IN for sending me a copy of the original interview and for
reviewing this interpretation and helping with some of the wording.
I was researching at William and Mary college today and looked up John
Bradford's notes on Ruddle's fort. The description of John Hinkson's
escape is much more elaborate than I have come across to date. It
probably enjoys the wonderful encrustation of oral tradition!
Source: Clark, Thomas D., editor. The Voice of the Frontier: John
Bradford's Notes on Kentucky. The University Press of Kentucky, 1993,
The Horrors at Ruddle's and Hinkston's Forts
[October 20, 1826]
It has already been noticed, that the summer 1780 was exceedingly wet,
and that all the water-courses were full. This circumstance induced
Colonel Byrd to change his original purpose of attacking Louisville
first. He therefore decided to ascend Licking river into the heart of
the country, by which means he would be enabled to take with him his
artillery to Ruddle's Station, and would easily take it by land from
Ruddle's to Martin's and Bryan's Stations, and Lexington, the ground
being level, and the roads easily made passible. Col. Byrd landed his
artillery, stores and baggage on the point of Licking, where he put up
some huts to shelter them from the weather; and from thence marched by
land, a few miles, to Ruddle's Station, where he arrived on the 22d day
of June, at the head of 1000 men. In consequence of the extreme wetness
of the weather, which had continued for many days, the men at Ruddle's
and Martin's Stations, who were accustomed to be in the woods, had all
come in, and therefore, Byrd taking advantage of that circumstance,
arrived within gun shot of the fort undiscovered, and the first
information the people received of the approach of an enemy, was the
report from a discharge of one of the fieldpieces. Byrd sent in a flag
and demanded a surrender at discretion- to which demand Capt. Ruddle
answered, that he could not consent to surrender but on certain
conditions, one of which was: that the prisoners should be under the
protection of the British, and not suffered to be prisoners to the
Indians; to these terms Col. Byrd consented, and immediately the gates
were opened to him. No sooner were the gates opened, than the Indians
rushed into the Station, and each seized the first person they could lay
their hands on, and claimed them as their own prisoner. In this way the
members of every family were separated from each other; the husband from
the wife, and the parents from their children. The piercing screams of
the children, when torn from their mothers-the distracted throes of the
mothers when forced from their tender offspring, are indescribable.
Ruddle remonstrated with Colonel Byrd against this barbarous conduct of
the Indians, but to no effect. He confessed that it was out of his power
to restrain them, their numbers being so much greater than that of the
troops over which he had controul that he himself was completely in
After the people were entirely stripped of all their property, and the
prisoners divided among their captors, the Indians proposed to Colonel
Byrd, to march to and take Martin's Station, which was about five miles
from Ruddle's; but Col. Byrd was so affected by the conduct of the
Indians to the prisoners taken, that he peremptorily refused, unless the
chiefs would pledge themselves in behalf of the Indians, that all the
prisoners taken should be entirely under his control, and that the
Indians should only be entitled to the plunder.-Upon these propositions
being agreed to by the chiefs, the army marched to Martin's Station and
took it without opposition. The Indians divided the spoil among
themselves, and Colonel Byrd took charge of the prisoners.
The ease with which these two stations were taken, so animated the
Indians, that they pressed Col. Byrd to go forward and assist them to
take Bryan's Station and Lexington. Byrd declined going, and urged as a
reason, the improbability of success; and besides, the impossibility of
procuring provisions to support the prisoners they already had, also the
impracticability of transporting their artillery by and, to any part of
the Ohio river-therefore the neceissity of descending Licking before the
waters fell, which might be expected to take place in a few days.
Immediately after it was decided not to go forward to Bryan's Station,
the army commenced their retreat to the forks of Licking, where they had
left their boats, and with all possible dispatch got their artillery and
military stores on board, and moved off. At this place the Indians
separated from Byrd, and took with them the whole of the prisoners taken
at Ruddle's Station. Among the prisoners were Capt. John Hinkston, a
brave man and an experienced hunter and woodsman. The second night after
leaving the forks of Licking, the Indians encamped near the river; every
thing was very wet, in consequence of which it was difficult to kindle a
fire, and before a fire could be made it was quite dark. A guard was
placed over the prisoners, and whilst part of them were employed-in
kindling the fire, Hinkston sprang from among them and was immediately
out of sight. An alarm was instantly given, and the Indians ran in every
direction, not being able to ascertain what course he had taken.
Hinkston ran but a short distance before he lay down by the side of a
log under the dark shade of a large beach tree, where he remained until
the stir occasioned by his escape had subsided, when he moved off as
silently as possible. The night was cloudy, and very dark, so that he
had no mark to steer by, and after travelling some time towards
Lexington, as he thought, he found himself close to the camp from which
he had just before made his escape. In this dilemma he was obliged to
tax his skill as a woodsman, to devise a method by which he should be
enabled to stear his course without light enough to see the moss on the
trees, or without the aid of sun, moon or stars. Captain Hinkston
ultimately adopted this expedient: he dipped his hand in the water,
(which almost covered the whole country) and holding it upright above
his head, he instantly felt one side of his hand cold; he immediately
knew, that from that point the wind came-he therefore steered the
ballance of the night to the cold side of his hand, that being from the
west he knew, and the course best suited to his purpose. After
travelling several hours he sat down at the root of a tree and fell
A few hours before day, there came on a very heavy dense fog, so that a
man could not be seen at twenty yards distance. This circumstance was of
infinite advantage to Hinkston, for as soon as day light appeared, the
howling of wolves, the gobling of turkeys, the bleating of fawns, the
cry of owls, and every other wild animal, was heard in almost every
direction. Hinkston was too well acquainted with the customs of the
Indians, not to know that it was Indians, and not beasts or birds that
made these sounds-he therefore avoided approaching the places where he
heard them, and notwithstanding he was several times within a few yards
of them, with the aid of the fog he escaped, and arrived safe at
Lexington. It was the 8th day after Ruddle's Station was taken, when
Hinkston arrived in Lexington, and brought the first news of that event.
The Indians not only collected all the horses belonging to Ruddle's and
Martin's Station, but a great many from Bryan's Station and Lexington,
and with their booty, crossed the Ohio river near the mouth of Licking,
and there dispersed. The British descended Licking river to the Ohio,
down the Ohio to the mouth of the Big Miami, and up the Miami as far as
it was then navigable for their boats, where they hid their artillery
and marched by land to Detroit. The rains having ceased, and the weather
being exceedingly hot, the waters fell so low, that they were able to
ascend the Miami but a short distance by water.
The great panic occasioned throughout Kentucky by the taking of Ruddle's
and Martin's Stations, caused the people to look up to General Clarke as
their only hope. His counsel and advice was received as coming from an
oricle. He advised that a levy of four-fifths should be made of all the
men in the country capable of bearing arms, whether inhabitants or
strangers, and to meet at the mouth of Licking on the 20th of July.
Those from Lincoln and Fayette under the command of Col. Logan, were to
march down Licking-those from Jefferson under Gen. Clarke, were to march
up the Ohio.
As soon as it was decided that an expedition should be carried on
against the Indians, General Clarke gave orders to have a number of
small skiffs built at Louisville, capable of taking 15 or 20 men, which
together with batteaus, the provisions and military stores, were taken
by water from Louisville to the mouth of Licking. These vessels were
under the direction of Col. George Slaughter, who commanded about 150
troops raised by him in Virginia for the Western service.
In ascending the river, it was necessary to keep the vessels close to
the shore, some of which were on one side of the river, and some on the
other; it happened whilst one of these skiffs was near the north side of
the river, a party of Indians ran down the water's edge, and fired into
it and killed and wounded several before assistance could be obtained
from the other boats.
That part of the army commanded by Col. Logan, assembled at Bryan's
spring, about eight miles from Lexington, and on the following night a
man by the name of Clarke, stole a valuable horse and went off. it was
generally believed that he intended to go to Carolina. When the army
arrived at the mouth of Licking, the horse was found there, when the
conjecture was, that he had been taken prisoner by the Indians; but it
was afterwards discovered that he had gone to the Indians voluntarily,
in order to give them notice of the approach of an army from Kentucky.
The army rendezvoused and encamped on the ground whereon Cincinnati now
stands, and the next day built two block-houses, in which was deposited
a quantity of corn, and where several men who were sick were left, with
a small guard, until the return of the army.
The division of the army commanded by Col. Logan, took with them
generally provisions only sufficient to last them to the mouth of
Licking, as it was understood a sufficient quantity for the campaign
would be brought up from Louisville to that place; but when the army
were about to march, the provisions were distributed among the men, and
was only six quarts of Indian corn, measured in a quart pot, for each
man, most of whom were obliged to carry it on their backs, not having a
sufficiency of pack-horses to convey the whole, together with the
military stores and other baggage of the army.
Ruddles Fort researchers,
This the depositionof John Conover found in Fayette County Court order
p. 318, deposition of John Conover [written Conovery] taken at Paris,
June 6, 1808, before Thomas Hughs): Deponent came to Kentucky in 1777
and lived at Boonesborough one an one half years. In the year 1779 I
traveled with about 25 men the road from Boonesborough to the Lower Blue
Licks. In the spring of 1779 deponent settled at Riddle's station and
lived at said station until June 1780. I followed hunting in early
times. I was taken [prisoner] at Riddle's station by the British and
Indians in June 1780 and carried to Detroit and stayed there until the
fall of 1784 and then returned back to Kentucky. At the time I went from
Boonesborough to Lower Blue Lick I recollect we crossed Hingston fork
and went into big buffalo road that led from Grant's station to the
lower Blue Lick at the place known by the name of Ready Money Jack's. I
recollect at this time that Colonel Richard Calloway, Colonel Daniel
Boone, Cyrus Boone, Joseph Drake, Ephriam Drake, William Buckhammer,
Flanders Calloway, Samuel Henderson, James Bell, George Linch, Wiliam
Hancock, Jeremiah Price, Thomas Foote, James Mankins were with me on
trip to Lower Blue Lick. We returned home on trace that crossed Hingston
where Millersburg now stands, and where Grant's station now stands.
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Ruddles Fort researchers,
I'm seeking any information on George Finley who may have been at
Ruddles Station when it was attacked by the British and Indians in 1780.
His name appears on a few lists of captives but I've seen no primary
source thats puts him at Ruddles on that day. Besides the published
lists that place him there this is all I have regarding his captivity:
(written as sent to me)
The deposition of George Finley taken at the house of Samuel McMillan,
Esq. On the 28th day of April 1810 to be read as evidence in a suit
pending in the general court in chancery wherein Robert Morrison and
others are complaintants and the heirs of Thomas Coghill, dec. and Pawin
Hord (?) are defendants.
This deponent being of lawful age and duly sworn deposeth, that he was a
prisoner fifteen years with the Indians NW of the Ohio in which time of
captivity he had every opportunity of and being acquainted with their
methods of war and of their manner of marking their war road and saith
that their war roads are not generally plain dore direct and very little
marked by choping but that they have a peculiar manner of making sign on
their war roads by putting a stone in the fork of a tree particularly on
the bank of a creek and sometimes they will fix up the head bones of a
buffalo in a similar manner and by this sign they will understand
something of their war excursions or of the war trace and further saith
that he has been with them on their war expeditions and that their war
roads are private, roads that are plain or frequented partys going to
war will avoid and farther this deponent says that.
George Finley (his mark)
In the obituary of George Finley's daughter, Jane Finley Williams, the
following was written:
Her grandfather was killed by the Indians, and her father taken prisoner
and kept for several years.
This is the Obituary of Margaret Sellers Kline the daughter of John and
Elizabeth Finley Seller(s). This from Eastern KY references pg. 358-359.
Eaton Register, Eaton, Ohio:
4 December 1879
Died, in Eaton, on Sun. morning, Nov. 23, 1879, Mrs. Margaret Sellers
Kline, who was born July 1, 1786, and was aged 93 years, 4 mo., and 21
days. The ancestors of Mrs. Kline were orginally from County Antrim,
Ireland, and were named Finley. Her granfather, John Finley, had a
brother, George, who was captured by the Indians when a boy and adopted
by them. Mrs. Klines parents were natives of Pennsylvania; they came to
Bryant's Station (near Lexington) a stockade built for protection from
the Indians in which place she was born. They afterwards moved to
Cynthiana, Ky. In 1819, she came to Eaton and was married to Jacob Kline
in 1820. He died Fen. 25, 1875.
George was in Pennsylvania during the early part of the Rev War as he
gave a deposition that he saw Mary Cooper and her son David in 1776. She
was the wife of James Cooper who was killed by the Indians in KY (1776).
There was a George and John Finley who served under Capt. John Hinkson
about 1779 in Westmoreland County, PA. There was also a George Findley
in the same area, different person though. George was married Polly
Any information would be greatly appreciated. Thanks.
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Ref: Pg. 476, Sugar Ridge Twp., Clay Co., IN History -- James Ferguson,
a farmer near Ashboro, Clay Co., IN, was born in Clermont Co., OH, on
Nov. 21, 1806. So sparse was the population, and so uncultured were
those who had been born west of the Allegheny Mountains, and who had
already grown to womanhood and manhood, at the date of Mr. Ferguson's
birth, that society or civil government had scarcely an existence. There
was no school or church nearer than sixteen miles. In 1810, their first
schoolhouse was erected without a sawed board, a nail, iron hinge, or
pane of glass. In his own words: "Our teachers knew little, which we
learned slowly. Our books were few, and far from being suggestive. Our
parents were mostly uneducated, and of consequence could not aid us. At
about ten years of age, I chanced to get "James Ferguson's Manual of
Astronomy". So fond was I of it, that I read and reread it, until I
believed it. Few others did. I worked out the easier problems with a
ball of yarn for a globe, a knitting needle for an axis, and a candle
for a sun. I believed the learned Scotchman. By 1812, we had preaching
occasionally in the cabins. About 1817, organized church societies
existed. Early, Timothy Rardin was chosen Justice of the Peace, and
served us thirty-seven years. His were courts of compromise, or equity
rather, than of law. Though passionate in his temperament, he was a
peacemaker. But three appeals were ever taken from his to a higher
court, and none of his decisions were ever reversed. Thus society, the
school, the church, and civil government, crystallized in the
wilderness. Our schools went apace. A few of us essayed the task of
getting by rote Lindley Murray's rules of English Grammar, then
Kirkham's, then Greenleaf's. We were flattered, by the men of that day,
as having succeeded. We then tried bookkeeping six weeks. Subsequently,
James Shaw and I worked diligently, six or eight weeks, at so much of
geometry and trigonometry as is necessary in the science of surveying,
but without a single practical hint as to how we were to make use of any
knowledge we, presumably, had attained, either in surveying or any other
science. Our teacher told us he knew nothing, practically. Shaw and I
went forth -- educated! No teacher within our reach professed to know
or teach more. Two days in the woods with our county surveyor gave the
practical knowledge. What I saw done, I knew."
Mr. Ferguson's paternal great-grandfather located on the Monongahela
River, twenty miles above Fort DuQuesne, or Fort Pitt, soon after the
English wrested it from the French. His family numbered some ten in
all, each of whom learned to better himself for a livelihood amid the
privations of border life. Henry and Isaac (the latter the grandfather
of James), became the pioneer traders. They made seventy-two round
trips, with their pack horses loaded with peltries, furs and ginseng, to
Philadelphia, and brought out tools, wares, etc. before there was any
wagon road. About 1768, Isaac married a Miss Leedum, a Welch lady. In
1775, Hugh, the father of our subject, was born. About 1784, Isaac
Ferguson started westward, but stopped awhile at what is now Wheeling,
WV, because of danger from the Indians. At a date not precisely known,
he placed his household goods, etc., on board a botteau, or covered,
box-like boat, and proceeded to "Limestone", which is now Maysville;
thence to "Bryant's Station" (a picket enclosure with a strong cabin
projecting from its corners, inside of which were built the "cabins" of
the several families). Boone's and Morgan's Stations were in the near
vicinity, and the same in structure.
The late Squire Bryant, of Posey Twp., Clay Co., IN was a grandson of
the founder of Bryant Fort. In this fort was Isaac Ferguson, with his
family. Of his sons, Hugh -- then a boy of some ten years of age -- was
the father of the late Isaac Ferguson of Perry Twp., Clay Co., IN and of
James, the subject of this sketch. Of his daughters were Nancy, mother
of Mrs. Andrew Hixon, of Perry Twp.; Ruth Ferguson, mother of the late
Mrs. Fagan, of Perry Twp.; and of Isaiah Donham of Vigo, IN; Elizabeth
Ferguson, mother of the late John Donham, and of Abel Donham.
In Morgan's Station was James McArthur, who, with his wife (nee Rachel
Brown) and five children had followed the fortunes of Morgan from the
Shenandoah Valley, VA via Cumberland Gap and Crab Orchard to the fort.
Of Mr. McArthur's family, Sarah, the eldest daughter, was the mother of
George Donham, of Perry Twp., and his numerous brothers and sisters.
Mary and Hannah McArthur were twins -- Mary being the mother of Mrs.
Peter Eppert and Jonathan Elstun of Perry Twp., and of Mrs. H. Shumard,
of near Lockport, Vigo Co., IN.
In 1797, Isaac Ferguson located in what is now Campbell Co., KY, crossed
the Ohio River eighteen miles above Fort Washington (now Cincinnati),
and aided by his sons Zachariah, Isaiah and Hugh, cleared fifteen acres
of land in the Ohio River bottom, and built a cabin, while Isaac Jr.
with gun, did picket duty against the yet distrusted red man. In the
spring of 1798, the family removed to this location. Isaac Ferguson's
cabin was never molested by the Indians. He had never hunted the Indian
with his rifle, nor fought him, except when Simon Girty and his warriors
besieged Bryant's Station. At this date, no State of the Union existed
in the Great West, except Kentucky. Then the Northwest Territorial
government, with General Arthur St. Clair for Governor, was composed of
territory bounded on the east by Pennsylvania, on the north by Canada,
on the south by the Ohio River, and on the west by the Mississippi
River. Five years later the State of Ohio was admitted in the Union. In
1800 James McArthur, of Morgan's Station, removed to an eminence east of
the Little Miami River, sixteen miles northeast of Cincinnati.
In Feb. 1805, Hugh Ferguson and Mary McArthur were married, and built
their cabin in the wilderness, three miles east of the Ohio River, at
New Richmond. In this cabin, James Ferguson, our subject was born. At
twenty years of age, he started in life on his own account, being
equipped with a broad ax and whipsaw. Want of means to clothe himself
and to procure books, pressed him into the service. He soon after went
to Cincinnati to make sale of lumber, and while there took a contract to
build a pork-house, and, through unfamiliar with the use of tools, he
executed the work with credit to himself. Shortly after this, he
erected a second and similar structure. Later, he made a design for a
flouring mill and saw mill, which he built from the stump, this being
the first mill ever erected in that section of the country. He worked at
his trade at intervals for many years, serving in the meantime as County
Auditor, one term, and Deputy Clerk, Sheriff & Treasurer. He then
purchased the Ohio Sun newspaper, becoming its publisher, manager &
editor. After four years successful work in the managerial and editorial
department of the Sun, he was compelled to retire on account of failing
health. Soon after his retirement, he took the census of Clermont Co.,
Ohio; then engaged in farming, and later planted a small fruit orchard,
meeting with success. He, however, soon returned to the business of
contracting and building, continuing in this till 1846, when he was
attacked with dyspepsion, which made him an invalid for four years.
After recovering his health sufficiently, he was appointed Inspector and
Superintendent of the manufacturing of leather mail bags, besides having
the charge of the distribution of mail for ten of the Northwestern
States. He was thus employed for two years, removing then to Miami Co.,
Ohio, and entering 160 acres of land, which he improved. He resided
there until 1856, when fire destroyed his house. He then accepted the
position of Mail Agent over the Bellefontaine Railroad, remaining thus
employed one year, then retiring on account of ill health. He then came
to this county and began improving land he entered in 1837, and in
October 1860, he moved his family here, and here he has since resided.
He was married in June, 1837, to Nancy L. Cobly, of Hamilton County,
Ohio. She died in 1841, leaving one daughter, Julia C. His present wife
was Susan Mitchell, whom he married on September 10, 1841, and who was
born on July 29, 1829. Three children have been born to them, two of
whom are living. Mr. Ferguson being a well-read man is an able defender
of the principles of his party, he being a Jacksonian Democrat. During
Jackson's last campaign, Mr. Ferguson took an active part in the
canvass. He is well versed in many of the sciences, and was the first
to suggest the existence of mineral in Clay County in a speech delivered
in the autumn of 1858. Mr. Ferguson is a public-spirited, genial
gentleman, and a liberal contributor to all benevolent enterprises.
.1 Julia C. b.
Ref: An old family record kept by the Branscomb family stated that Sarah
Ann Brown was a daughter of Elizabeth Hornback and William Brown (both
of Dutch ancestry). She was born 4 March 1831, Grayson Co., KY.
Census records show that William Brown was living in Sugar Creek Twp.,
Randolph Co., MO in 1850, a pauper. Census records show William Brown in
Bourbon Co., KY in 1800; in Grayson Co., KY in 1810 and 1820; in Hardin
Co., KY in 1830; and to Randolph Co., MO by 1840. Census records
indicate that William was b. in PA.
Doug Richardson has a "Scroll" which states that Rueben Brown, son of
William, was born about 1805, KY and died in 1873, however his will was
probated on 18 Dec. 1872, Linn Co., MO.
Scroll "(Coleman was sometimes used instead of Coleburn) Coleburn Brown,
father of William Brown, grandfather of Reuben Brown, great-grandfather
of John Allen Brown, was killed in VA by Indians in the year 1777.
William Brown emigrated (son of Coleburn) to KY about the year 1780 and
moved from thense to IL in the year (1807?). In this state he died in
the year 1854 leaving eleven children of whom Reubin Brown was the 4th
Reubin was born in 1804, married 1824 to Elizabeth Artman. By this union
there were 5 children born. In 1873 Reuben died and Elizabeth Brown died
in 1855. John A. Brown was their first child."
Jacob Artman b. ca 1763, prob. Hampshire Co., VA (now WV)/ West Augusta,
VA (now WV), d. Spt. 1852, Randolph Co., MO, Will probated 27 Spt. 1852,
eldest s/o John & Anna Margaretta (Hornbeck) Erdmann / Artman.
Ref: John & Anna Margaretta (Hornbeck) Erdmann / Artman md. prob. German
Twp., Fayette Co., PA to ??? b. ca 1770.
Ref: Will Book 1, pg. 31, Randolph Co., MO of Jacob Artman mentions my
daughter, Delilah Artman and my son John Artman. Executor: Reuben Brown,
written: 22 Jan. 1850; witnessed by John Hare and John S. Ancell;
probated 27 Spt. 1852.
Ref: 1850 Sugar Creek Twp., Randolph Co., MO census, pg. 489.
Brown, J. M. 20, b. KY (b. ca 1830)
Artman, Jacob, 87, b. VA (b. ca 1763)
" , Delila, 40, b. KY (b. ca 1810)
.1 Jacob Jr. b. ca 1786
.2 Anny b. ca 1788
.3 Adam b. ca 1793 .4
John b. ca 1794
.5 Elizabeth b. 10 Jun. 1798
.6 Margaret "Peggy" b. ca 1800
.7 Barbara b. ca 1805
.8 Delilah b. ca 1810
.9 Mary Jane b. ca 1815
William & Elizabeth (Hornbeck) Brown
1. Brown, William b. ca 1773, PA, d. ca 1854, Randolph Co., MO, s/o
Coleburn/Coleman/Colbern Brown md. 10 Jan 1799, Bourbon Co., KY to
Elizabeth Hornbeck b. ca 1783, Hampshire Co., VA, d/o Michael Hornbeck.
Ref: (Ms. Alzner) -- William and Elizabeth (Hornbeck) Brown were from
Grayson Co., KY.
Ref: (Donald S. Haney) -- Colbern Brown b. ca 1750, d. ca 1777, VA;
Elizabeth's Father, Michael Hornbeck b. ca 1742, Hampshire Co., VA, d.
after 1800, Bourbon Co., KY; Michael Hornbeck was the son of Jacobus
"James" Hornbeck b. ca 1700, Ulster Co., NY, d. after 1757, Hampshire
Co., VA, md. 16 Spt. 1733, Ulster Co., NY to Anna Margaret Helm d. ca
1748, Hampshire Co., VA, d/o Peter & Anna Engel (Jung) Helm. Jacobus
"James" Hornbeck was s/o Warnaar Hornbeck b. ca 1645, Holland, d. 1715,
Ulster Co., NY and wife, Margreit Tysesen b. ca 1658, Albany, NY, d.
after 1710, Ulster Co., NY. Warnaar and Margreit were md. Kingston,
Ulster Co., NY
Ref: (Doug Richardson) -- Michael Hornbeck, a Revoluntionary War
Soldier, was the s/o James & Margaret (Helm) Hornbeck. Michael had sons,
Michael Jr., James and Simon.
Ref: A Michael Hornbeck posted bond when William and Elizabeth were
married. Michael Jr. is suspected but not proved.
Ref: Michael Hornbeck, a brother of Elizabeth Hornbeck, md. 29 Jan.
1798, Bourbon Co., KY to Ruth Parker d/o Aquilla & Elizabeth (Amos)
Parker. They had two daughters, Barbara and Elizabeth. There is much
genealogical available on both the Parker and Amos families.
The following is a brief of my Gr. Gr. Gr. Grandparents Thomas Brown who
lived in Bourbon Co., KY starting ca 1792. There is more if anyone is
Descendants of Thomas & Mary (Ball) Brown
Brown, Thomas b. 27 May 1730, Cardiganshire, Wales, d. 27 Feb. 1818,
Clermont Co., OH, bur. in a small Cem., north of Bethel, Clermont Co.,
OH, md. ca 1754, Welsh Neck, PA to Mary Ball b. ca 1734, d. ca 1816,
Bethel, Clermont Co., OH, bur. w/ Thomas.
Ref: Except for the DAR records there is no proof that Thomas & Mary,
his wife, ever lived or were buried in Clermont Co., OH. Tombstones of
their son, William and John and John's wife, Sarah (Trotter) Brown were
found in a small cemetery north of Bethel on a farm once owned by Gail
Abstract of Kentucky Tax Records, Archives Research Room, Public Records
Division, KY Department of Libraries and Archives - Bourbon Co., KY -
1792 - Thomas Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus
21 years of age and 1 white male plus 16 years of age along with 3
horses and 14 cattle.
1792 - George Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus
21 years of age along with 1 horse and 8 cattle.
1793 - Thomas Brown listed as head of household with 100 acres, 1 white
male plus 21 years along with 5 horses and and 26 cattle.
1793 - George Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus
21 years of age along with 5 horses and 10 cattle.
1794 - No available tax records.
1795 - Thomas Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus
21 years of age along wiht 5 horses and 23 cattle.
1795 - George Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus
21 years of age along with 3 horses and 15 cattle.
1796 - Thomas and George Brown not listed in tax records.
1797 - Thomas Brown listed as head of household with 4 white males plus
21 years of age along with 17 horses.
1797 - George Brown is not listed.
1798 - No tax records.
1799 - Thomas Brown not listed in tax records.
1799 - George Brown listed as head head of household along with 1 white
male plus 21 years of age along with 2 horses.
1800 - Thomas Brown listed as head of household with 64 acres along
Hinkston Creek, Bourbon Co., KY entered by James Sodowsky, and 1 white
male plus 21 years of age and 5 horses.
1800 - George Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus
21 years of age and 1 horse.
1800 - William Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus
21 years of age and 2 horses.
1800 - John Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus 21
years of age.
1801 - Thomas Brown not listed.
1801 - George Brown not listed.
1801 - William Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus
21 years of age.
1801 - John Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus 21
years of age and 3 horses.
1802 - Thomas Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus
21 years of age and 3 horses.
1802 - George Brown not listed.
1803 - John Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus 21
years of age and 2 horses.
1804 - Thomas Brown listed as head of household with 60 acres along
Hinkston Creek, Bourbon Co., KY entered by Jas. Sandusky and 1 white
male plus 21 years of age and 3 horses.
1804 - John Brown listed as head of household with 3 horses.
1805 - Thomas Brown listed as head of household with 30 acres along
Hinkston Creek, Bourbon Co., KY entered by Jas. Sandusky, and 1 white
male plus 21 years of age and 3 horses.
1805 - George Brown not listed.
1805 - William Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus
21 years of age and 1 horse.
1805 - Joseph Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus
21 years of age and 4 horses.
1805 - John Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus 21
years of age and 3 horses.
1806 - Thomas Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus
21 years of age and 2 horses.
1806 - John Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus 21
years of age and 4 horses.
1806 - Joseph Brown listed as head of household with 1 white male plus
21 years of age, 25 acres along Strodes Creek, Bourbon Co., KY entered
by Walton and 5 horses.
Steger (1): Tom Brown my great great grandpap came from Wales.
Neuwald (2): Thomas Brown, a revolutionary soldier for 3 years in
continental line, received a land warrant for 100 acres of land June 28,
1784, born May 27, 1730, died Feb. 27, 1818, married 1754, Mary Ball
born 1734, died 1816,daughter of William Ball, owner of Hope Farm.
Shrinner (3): Thomas Brown, the eldest child of Daniel Brown and his
wife Frances, was born in Cardiganshire, Wales, on May 27, 1730. Both
father and mother were in Cardiganshire and had married there in 1728.
They brought five children --- Thomas, Sarah, Daniel, Ann, and Mary ---
to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, prior to 1754, the year of Thomas'
marriage there. During the Revolution, they resided in Hampshire County,
Virginia, in what is now Hardy County.
Thomas Brown married Mary Osborn Ball at Welch Neck in Chester County,
Pennsylvania, in 1754. They settled near Moorefield in Hardy County,
Virginia, where Thomas' parents had settled. During the Revolution,
Thomas served three years in the Virginia Continental Line in Colonel
Wood's Regiment. About 1800, Thomas moved his family to Ohio, near
Bethel in Clermont County. He died there on September 21, 1818, two
years after the death of his wife. They are both buried in the orchard
of their farm near New Richmond, Ohio; their graves are marked by stone
.1 Hannah b. 11 Jan. 1755
.2 Mary b. 29 Oct. 1756
.3 Sarah b. 2 Feb. 1758
.4 Daniel b. 9 Spt. 1760
.5 Rachel b. 20 Dec. 1762
.6 George b. 22 Jun. 1766
.7 William b. 7 Spt. 1768
.8 Joseph b. 22 Oct. 1770
.9 Rebekah b. 2 Mar. 1772
.10 John b. 14 Spt. 1774
.11 Annie b. 3 Mar. 1780
One of our group members recently sent a message with information on
John Hinkson. Its great information! I can say this with some humor
because, as it turns out, its MY information. :-)
The timeline came from my web page at the following address:
The only reason I mention this is that the accompanying notes on Hinkson
are very interesting and detailed but were not included in Mr. Fagley's
I have added a web page on COL Benjamin Harrison. For the RUDDLESFORT
group, Harrison is important in the development of Bourbon and Harrison
Counties (Harrison County was named after him). For the HINKSON
discussion group, he was the father of Jane Harrison who married William
Hinkson. Also, the article on Harrison provides valuable clues to the
last days of our ancestor COL John Hinkson who accompanied Ben Harrison
to New Madrid, Missouri, in 1789.
The address for this page is:
Dear Bob & RUDDLESFORT GANG,
My interest in early Kentucky history is no mystery. As a small boy, I grew up
hearing stories from my grandfather and other family relatives of the days
when Kentucky was called " The Dark & Bloody Ground ".
I was born and have lived in Kentucky my whole life, as have all my direct
ancestors before me. My 4th great-grandfather, James Morrow left Augusta
County, Virginia in 1775 for Kentucky. He first settled in the area of
Lexington and helped build the blockhouse there. He served in defense of
frontier with the Militia on several occasions. As well as the 1882 campaign,
up into Ohio with General George Rogers Clark.
Besides my 4th great-grandfather, James Morrow who married Elizabeth Frame,
there were the following Morrows in early Kentucky at the same time.
William Morrow who was at Bowman's Station in 1779.
James Morrow that married Margaret Mahan and was at Martin's Station in 1780.
Thomas Morrow that married Ann Zantzinger, who was in Paris, Ky. in 1792.
Robert Morrow that married Sarah Sparks and who was the blacksmith of early
William Morrow that married Sarah Patten in 1791 and was the Sheriff of
Bourbon County, Ky.
I'm currently researching all of the above Morrows and their families. As of
this time, nobody has ever been able to connect any of them to one another. It
is my sincere hope to correct this someday, soon.
The thought of one's relatives running around the hills of Kentucky, with the
likes of Daniel Boone, Simon Kenton, Billy Bush and the rest of frontiersmen,
has always made me what to know more about my family's history.
Falls of the Ohio
"The Morrow's of Early Kentucky"
The three Lail/Lale brothers (spelled Loyl in some records) were at
Ruddles Station on that fateful day in June 1780.
We do not know what happened to Henry LAIL and we must assume that Peter
was killed. Peter's wife, Mary, and two daughters were taken prisoner
and taken to Michigan. Peter also had a son, Peter whose fate is
unknown. Many years later Mary wrote a letter dated Aug 7, 1822 that
was delivered to Governor CASS of Michigan who in turn sent it to the
editor of the Kentucky Gazette, who published it as follows:
From the Kentucky Gazette: addressed to Peter LALE,
"I was taken at Fort Licking, commanded by Capt. RUDDLE and was ransomed
by Col. McGEE and was brought into upper Canada near Amherstburgh, (Fort
Malden) where I now live after having been 16 years among the Indians.
Your eldest sister is now living in Sandwich, but the youngest I could
never hear of.
Now, my dear son, I would be very glad to see you once more before I
die, which I do not think will be long, as I am in a very bad state of
health, and have been this great while.
I am married to Mr. Jacob MIRACLE for whom you can enquire.
Your affectionate mother, Mary MIRACLE."
It is assumed the man she married is Jacob Miracle, sometimes spelled
Markle, who was also a captive.
Unfortunately, Mary never learned that the youngest daughter, of whom
she spoke, was safe with the brother of her husband (George). For some
reason, George LAIL and his wife were spared, though they were taken
prisoner and later released. But their two little boys, George, aged 7
and Johnny, aged 4 and a daughter, Eva, aged 14, were taken by the
Indians. Eva was taken to Canada but was later released. There are
conflicting stories about how Johnny was released but he did get back to
his parents and lived a long and productive life in Kentucky. Little
George was kept and raised as an Indian.
Carl in Hangtown
Mr. Francis - Thanks for the information on James Sandusky Station.
Litton is also spelled Letton.
This article is very interesting to me. James Sandusky md. Mary Brown,
daughter of Thomas & Mary Brown. They lived in what is now Hardy Co., WV
prior to moving to Bourbon Co., KY.
According to the early Bourbon Co., KY tax records, Thomas Brown owned in
1792, 100 acres of land that was orginally settled by James Sandusky. I
followed the tax records from 1792 until 1806 when Thomas Brown no longer
appears in the tax records. The 100 acres ends up being 30 acres. I am
wondering if the 30 acres which Marry Sandusky inheirted from her
husband, was land owned by her Father, Thomas Brown, purchased from James
It was interesting that Marry Brown, in lieu of her dower, inheirted land
she brought into the marriage. It sound like this may not have been the
first wife of James Sandusky. If the eldest son was Thomas, then he would
have been named after his Grandfather Thomas Brown. Andrew was the Father
of James Sandusky.
To have Jacob inheirted his Mother's land is inetesting because why would
he inheirt the land as opposed to any of the other children.
If you would like, I can send you my compilation of the descendants of
James & Mary (Brown) Sandusky. I have children of all of the children
that are mentioned in the article.
I would very much like to learn something about the 100 acres of land
that Thomas Brown owned from 1792 or possibly before until at least 1806.
I will send you the tax records when I return home this weekend.
I am sorry if I have strayed from Ruddles Fort discussion. Thanks!