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I wanted to give an update for anyone who's interested regarding yDNA
testing and Maj. Lewis Golson. There are now five Golson/Golsan/Goldson
men descended from Maj. Lewis Golson who have yDNA tested. They all
match each other and are in the same G-M377 Jewish group.
I also know of three Gholson men who have yDNA tested: two are descended
from different sons of Anthony Gholson Sr. of colonial VA, and the third
is from early 1800s in TN. They are all in haplogroup R1b.
It is thus certain that Maj. Lewis Golson was NOT the son of William
Gholson (son of Anthony Sr.) of VA.
By the way, the descendant of Henry Goldson of PA that I mentioned in my
original message turns out to instead be another descendant of Lewis
Golson (through son John Casper Golson).
We've set up a Golson/Gholson/Gholston yDNA project at FTDNA at
anyone's interested in the results. In addition, a group of us Golson
descendants who have autosomally tested are collaborating informally,
trying to tease out possible segments inherited from Lewis. This is not
a trivial task, because the two known sons of Lewis both married
daughters of Emmanuel Miller. (By the way, I've been meaning to ask if
Elizabeth, wife of Lewis Golson Jr., has been absolutely proven to have
been a Miller. I think this may have been discussed on this list but I
couldn't find it in the archives.) Anyway, I'd love to hear from any
Golson descendants who have tested, whether at FTDNA, ancestry.com or
23andme, that would like to join our informal collaboration. We're
especially interested in finding descendants of Lewis Golson's daughters
(one married a Rumph and another a Robinson).
-------- Forwarded Message --------
Subject: Origins of (Maj.) Lewis Golson?
Date: Wed, 09 Jul 2014 14:20:35 -0500
From: Barbara Goodson <begoodson(a)gmail.com>
Looking through the archives, I see past discussion about the origins of
Maj. Lewis Golson of 18th century Orangeburgh. To summarize, in Salley's
history book, Lewis Golson was listed among families with "obvious"
German names. In the 1950s, however, James Mallory Black put forth a
hypothesis that Lewis was the son of William Gholson of Spotsylvania
Co., VA. Although this idea was problematic-Lewis is not listed among
the children in William's will-and James Black stressed that it was only
a hypothesis, many people have accepted this proposed relationship as
fact and the Internet is littered with trees linking Lewis Golson to
William (son of Anthony) Gholson.
A Golson fourth cousin of mine who has a well-documented paper trail to
Lewis Golson recently did a yDNA test. His results cast Black's
hypothesis in serious doubt, to say the least. My cousin's yDNA does not
match any of the four Gholsons who have tested at Family Tree DNA
(presumably descendants of Anthony of VA, but I haven't been to verify
that). In addition, his yDNA haplogroup does not match that of a known
Anthony Gholson in the SMGF database. Instead, he matches at the
37-marker level (somewhat distantly) a descendant of Henry Goldson b
1795 in Pennsylvania who came through SC and AL before settling in
Mississippi. (That testee claims descent from Lewis Golson as well, but
I don't think there's any evidence to verify it). Interestingly, of my
cousin's 60 yDNA matches, all except the Henry Goldson descendant are
Jewish. On the basis of these matches, Lewis Golson and Henry Golson
appear to have been related to descendants of Jewish families that lived
in 16th century Heilbronn, Germany.
In light of these results, it seems to me that Lewis Golson was not
related to the Gholson family of VA, but instead most likely of German
Palatinate ancestry. Whether he or his parents came into SC or worked
their way down from say, PA, NY, or NJ, is not obvious.
I would be interested in any insights others may have in view of this
finding. I'm not sure where at this point to focus my research.