"A land patent is an exclusive land grant made by a sovereign entity
with respect to a particular tract of land. To make such a grant
“patent”, a sovereign (proprietary landowner) must document the land
grant, securely sign and seal the document (patent), and openly publish
the documents for the public to see. An official land patent is the
highest evidence of right, title, and interest to a defined area. It is
usually granted by a central, federal, or state government to an
individual or to a private company.
Besides patent, other terms for the certificate that grants such rights
include first-title deed and final certificate. In the United States,
all claims of land ownership can be traced back to a land patent,
first-title deed, or similar document regarding land originally owned by
France, Spain, United Kingdom, Mexico, Russia, or Native Americans."
Before the Revolution, there were many different settlers living in the
various territories, later to become states. New York had many settlers
that were from other countries and often these settlers, usually of
nobility, were granted land by their King or ruler. Back then,
territories were often up for grabs, given by those that often took
claim of these foreign lands. Since there was little or no statehood or
drawn lines before the revolution, many territories were speculated
ownership by other countries, This caused many arguments after the war
when others were given land that sat on property owned or staked out
before the war. The United Kingdom was doing this in their own country
for hundreds of years. Nobles, Barrons, etc. all were give land for
their private kingdom and they thought they could do the same in this
country and this was one of the reasons the Colonists revolted. As I
said, some of the parents were honored, but others were confiscated and
divided. Before the Revolution, France had a large ownership of
This Wallace Patent is further explained in this 40 page booklet as to
why it was not honored and divided up by the Governor of NY.
John H. Beach
john_h_beach(a)compuserve.com Note: the "_" before and after the initial
"h" is an underscore character, not a dash or space.