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I am looking for information on a Jerusha (Sprague) Tupper.
She lived in Nova Scotia. Her husband is Elisha Tupper. They came for Boston, MA and moved to Nova Scotia
John Rogers (Bryant, Joseph), born about 1800 in Pirate Harbor married
Elizabeth/Betsy Stewart. In 1840's John and Betsy were living on Bear
Island at the Gut of Canso.
Daughter Ann, born April 1823, christened 23 May 1823 in St. Ann's RC
Church, Guysborough, married Michael Day in Guysborough.
Son John, born May 1825, christened 18 August 1825 in St. Ann's Church.
John married Margaret Ryan, daughter of John Ryan and Alice Archibald on
14 May 1860 in St. Ann's Church. Margaret was born April 1823 and was
christened 10 May 1824 in St. Ann's Church.
Daughter Christina was christened 25 February 1838 in St. Ann's Church.
Other children married and came to the Gloucester, MA area.
John's grandfather Joseph was a St. Augustine Loyalist who was granted
land at the Gut. I don't have any information about Betsy.
Does anyone out there have information on this family?
I have Hadleys and Lipsett/Lipset in my file but I don't have your
individuals. Can you give me dates and other specifics? Maybe, I can direct
> A few of the children of Reuben and Annie (Lipsett) Hadley of Hadleyville,
> Guysborough settled in Cape Breton.
> Lena married a MacLennan and Annie married a MacDonald. Does anyone
> have Hadley descendants in the files. Thanks, Maureen
> ==== NS-CAPE-BRETON Mailing List ====
> The index to Colonial Correspondence, as transcribed by
> Janice Fralic Brown, is at
The following was found in the Tewksbury Almshouse Inmate Case
Histories, Vol. 15, 10/1871 to 4/1872, Tewksbury, MA., cases 38434 and
38434 - Lee, Mary, 21, came there from Boston April 3, 1872.
38435 - Lee, Ida M., 17/365, born So. Boston.
21, born Halifax, N. S., landed in Boston Sept. 1869 per "Alhambra",
since in Boston, Needham and Somerville. Single. Domestic. Father of
child, Augustus Manning, a rider in Barnum Circus. Became acquainted at
St. Denis Hotel, now Rutland House, where she was chamber girl. She
knew him but a week when he seduced her. Says he promised marriage and
appointed the wedding day with him 3 times. He came to her room. Not
seen him since. No relatives in Mass. Child born at Mr. Timothy
Gavin's Co., P & O St., City Point, So. Boston. Father, Robert, in
Halifax. Mother, Sarah, died in Halifax. Cash $5.00. Discharged May
The following was found in the Tewksbury Almshouse Inmate Case
Histories, Vol. 15, 10/1871 to 4/1872, Tewksbury, MA., case 38379:
Campbell, Ellen, 18, came there from Boston March 14, 1872. 19, born
Nova Scotia, landed in Portland, Maine 1866 or 7 with father. He worked
at Falmouth Hotel. There 2 years then returned to St. John where
parents both died. Returned to Portland 3 months ago via E. & N. A. R.
R. direct to Boston via B. & M. R. R. In Boston 6 weeks, N. Y. one
month, and Boston till came here. When first came to Boston worked in
Ayre's Saloon, 2 Green St. Lodged over the saloon. Went to N. Y. with
Hattie Hueston and while there did nothing. Returned to Boston and
employed as domestic in family of George Riley near Station House,
Charlestown. Riley came home drunk one night and quarreled with his
wife, struck Ellen with a chair, then pitched her downstairs. For this
she is wanted as a witness in the case on the 21st of present month.
Statements unreliable. Rheum. fever. Absconded April 11, 1872.
The following was found in the Tewksbury Almshouse Inmate Case
Histories, Vol. 15, 10/1871 to 4/1872, Tewksbury, MA., case 38375:
Dailey, Ellen, 20, came there from Boston March 12, 1872. Alias Helen,
born Nova Scotia, landed in Boston March 1871 per "New Brunswick".
Single. Tailoress. In Boston and Salem since in country. Father,
William, died in N. S. Mother, Mary, in N. S. Enceinte. Father of
child James Mahoney of Salem, machinist. Child made in her room, Corp.
Boarding House kept by Jessie Robbins. Mahoney boarded there. With him
3 or 4 times. Says seduced under promise of marriage but Lydia Richmond
had him arrested on bastardy process in her own case. He settled with
her and decamped. No relatives or friends in Mass. Gave birth to still
child March 26, 1872. Discharged April 12, 1872.
I don't think so, as there was a FREDERICK TUPPER who had land at Point
Tupper and it is most likely that it was named after his family.
Judith Wood wrote:
> So would this mean that Pt. Tupper on CBI (where my mother was born)
> was named in honor of Sir Charles?
> Judith V. Wood
> ==== NS-CAPE-BRETON Mailing List ====
> Visit the Cape Breton Island Census Page
> at http://www.rootsweb.com/~nscpbret/cbcenndx.html
In reply to:
Does anyone have any more information on this Sir Charles Tupper. Who
parents were? Where he came from?
SIR CHARLES HIBBERT TUPPER, Bart. (1821-1915)
Sir Charles H. Tupper was a British colonial statesman, son of the Rev.
Charles Tupper, D.D. He was born in Amherst, Nova Scotia, on July 02,
1821, and was educated at Horton Academy. He studied at the University
of Edinburgh, and rec'd his diplomas of M.D. and L.R.C.S.
1855 - he was returned to the Nova Scotia Assembly for Cumberland
1857-1860 and (1863-1867) on the Executive Council and was Provincial
Secretary of Nova Scotia.
1858 & 1865 a delegate on public business to Great Britain for the Nova
Scotia Gov't, and in 1868 for the Gov't of the Dominion of Canada.
1862 - he was appointed governor of Dalhousie University, Halifax.
1864 - Premier of Nova Scotia and held this office till the Union Act
came into force July 1, 1867. Tupper was the head of the delegation from
Nova Scotia (Sept. 1864) in Charlottetown, P.E.I, at the conference for
the Union, also the leader of the delegation to Quebec on the same
1866-1867 - Sir Charles Tupper was also the leader from Nova Scotia, to
London in the Fall of 1867 for the final completion of the terms for
Union, after having twisted enough arms in along with the lieutenant
governor for Nova Scotia to pass a resolution for authoring continued
discussions of the British North America Union.
1867-1870 he was President of the Canadian Medical Association.
1870, June - Sworn in as President of the Privy Council of Canada. He
held that position till July 01, 1872.
1872, July 01 - Appointed Minister of Inland Revenue. Holding position
till February 1873
1873, February - Appointed Minister of Customs under Sir John A.
MacDonald, [Canada's first Prime Minister] till the close of 1873.
1878 - Appointed Minister of Public Works upon
1879 - Appointed Minister of Railways and Canals.
1884 - Appointed High Commissioner for Canada, in London. Sir Charles
Tupper resigned his seat in parliament in order to take the job.
1887 - Re-entered the Conservative Cabinet and was appointed Finance
Minister and was instrumental in securing the loan that lead to the
completion of the Canadian Pacific railway several years before the
expiration of the contract. He resigned as Finance Minister in May 1888.
1887 - One of the British plenipotentiaries to the Fisheries Convention
1888, May - Re-appointed High Commissioner for Canada, in London.
1896, April - June - Prime Minister of Canada.
1900 - Suffered his first defeat in 40 yrs. in his own constituency of
Was known as "The Ram of Cumberland County"
The most forceful proponent of Nova Scotia joining Canada.
Represented Cumberland County for 32 yrs in succession.
Author of the "Public Schools Act of Nova Scotia"
Sir Charles Tupper wrote "Recollection of Sixty Years." in 1914
E.M. Saunders wrote "Life and Letters of Sir Charles Tupper in 1916 (2
No doubt if he falls within anyone's family tree, they do have a most
interesting character to study. Many of his papers can be view at the
archives and if looking for more information contact the National
Archives. No doubt a search for "Sir Charles Tupper" on the internet
should produce lots more information than I have here.
Does anyone have any more information on this Sir Charles Tupper. Who his
parents were? Where he came from?
----- Original Message -----
From: "joseph macdonald" <joseph000(a)ns.sympatico.ca>
Sent: Saturday, September 27, 2003 7:23 AM
Subject: [NS-CB-L] ANNAND'S BARREL OF FLOUR STOOD BETWEEN TUPPER AND
DISQUALIFICATION IN 1867
> Dear Listers,
> As Canada was gearing up in 1927 to celebrate her Diamond Jubilee, the
> following story appeared in the SYDNEY RECORD, on June 27, 1927. Cape
> Bretoners love their politics and a good story, than as well as now.
> THE SYDNEY RECORD, June 27, 1927.
> A Sydney citizen who during a long career has mingled freely with the
> great, and the near great, says he once heard SIR CHARLES TUPPER, leader
> of the Confederate forces in N.S. recount an interesting anecdote of his
> experiences in the 1867 campaign.
> The story was told at the Rideau Club, Ottawa, shortly after the
> campaign of 1896, on an occasion when among those lunching at the club
> were SENATOR J. W. CARMICHAEL, a life long opponent of SIR CHARLES;
> AULAY MORRISON a Cape Breton an now justice of the supreme court of
> British Columbia; HON. SYDNEY FISHER, then Minister of Agriculture; HON.
> GEORGE MURRAY, but recently became Premier of Nova Scotia; and SIR
> HUBBERT TUPPER.
> The conversation chancing to swing to 1867, Sir Charles said jestingly
> to Hon. Mr. Murray: "We were not so particular then as you and I had to
> be in Cape Breton"
> This provoked a general laugh, because the famous Murray-Tupper election
> in this constituency, according to then current reports, had been fought
> out with everything except rifles.
> Of the 1867 battle, Sir Charles, who had been the only confederate
> returned in the whole province, then went on to tell the following:
> It was hard sledding in Cumberland county, once a Tupper stronghold, and
> Dr. Tupper, as he then was, found old friends open hostile, undecided
> and apathetic.
> To add to his worries, the Antis were using the canvas that it was no
> use to vote for Tupper because they had sufficient evidence of election
> irregularities to disqualify him; and away down deep in his heart the
> veteran campaigner was more than half afraid that they weren't doing
> idle boasting.
> Following a hard days canvassing, as he jogged along the rough country
> road, with his horse and wagon, the only means of conveyance in those
> days, he came to the house of a man he considered a strong supporter.
> At first he decided it was not necessary to make a call but a second
> thought, alighted and knocked at the front door. There was no response
> so he went around to the back.
> After some time the woman of the house answered, and the doctor could
> see at a glance that something was wrong.
> The man could not be induced to say much, but after some urging the
> woman broke into tears and said: "Dr. Tupper, we've been in great
> trouble." She went on to tell of deaths in the family, illness, lack of
> work and so forth, and wound up by saying that necessity had forced them
> to accept aid from WILLIAM ANNAND, Anti Confederate candidate, on
> condition that the husband vote for him.
> Dr. Tupper said; "Why didn't you come to me? You know I would have used
> you much better than that."
> As it was, in spite of their defection from his cause, he produced a
> bill of large denomination, gave to his needy friends and after a little
> more conversation, drove off.
> "It was a very close election," Sir Charles told his guests, "and I
> decided to spend the last few days canvassing in the Parrsboro which by
> the way later gave me my majority."
> "I hope you used no 'human devices' in Parrsboro, father," said Sir
> Hubbert Tupper slyly.
> "I said it was a close election, son," returned Sir Charles dryly, and
> went on: After the polls closed, Tupper jogged in toward Amherst from
> Parrsboro, and on the way received encouraging reports from some polls
> but others that were no good.
> Near Amherst, he met two Anti confederates who had learned in some way
> that Parrsboro had given Tupper a big vote.
> "Never mind," they jeered, "Annand will disqualify you." All the way
> into town it was the same story. The Antis were furious over their
> defeat, but consoling themselves with the belief that the doctor could
> and would be disqualified for corrupt practices. At length in a tavern
> where Tupper went for supper he came face to face with his opponent.
> "I hear that you will disqualify me, William," said Tupper.
> "That I will," said William Annand grimly.
> "Before you do anything I'd like to have a quiet talk with you." said
> the Confederate leader and the two retired to a private room.
> "Just look at this, William." said Sir Charles, handing up a slip of
> It was an order on a Cumberland merchant for a barrel of flour, signed
> by Annand, and turned over to Tupper, in entire ignorance of its
> importance by the destitute family referred to above in their joy at
> finding that his cash assistance had come in time to relieve them of the
> distasteful necessity of supporting the Anti candidate.
> What it was that the Antis thought they had 'on' him, Sir Charles never
> learned for the sight of that order ended the disqualification movement
> then and there, and Dr. Tupper' continue to represent Cumberland for
> five years by the narrow margin of sixty odd votes.
> Happy Hunting
> Juanita MacDonald
> ==== NS-CAPE-BRETON Mailing List ====
> Visit the threaded archives of NS-CAPE-BRETON-L
> at http://archiver.rootsweb.com/NS-CAPE-BRETON-L/
The following was found in the Tewksbury Almshouse Inmate Case
Histories, Vol. 15, 10/1871 to 4/1872, Tewksbury, MA., case 38597:
McDonald, Michael, 30, came there from Boston April 19, 1872. 30, born
Cape Breton, landed in Houlton, Maine 1862. In various parts of Maine 5
years. Enlisted Co. "F" 15th Maine Vols. in Houlton, served 2 1/2
years. Afterwards enlisted in Boston in Vet. Res. Corps, served about
one year. Since war has been one year in Nova Scotia, one year at Dix
Island near Rockland, in Wakefield, N. H. 6 months, past year in Quincy
and Fall River. Single. Came from Portland March 1871 per boat to
Boston. Stone cutter. No property. No taxes. Not 10 years residence.
No relatives or friends in Mass. Intemp. No institution before. Sick
in Fall River past 3 months. Boarded on 6/2 St. at Pat Honan's.
Enlisted Vet. Res. Corps Aug. 1, 1864, quota Orleans, date of dis. not
given. Died August 31, 1872.
Here is some of what I've pieced together on this family:
James McDonald (approx. 1806-1891/1901) married Ann McLennan and they are the
people who came from Scotland. I am not sure if they married in Scotland or
in Nova Scotia. The earliest approximate birth year for their children I have
is 1830, so it's possible this child was born in Canada. The family is Roman
Catholic. They had the following children: Mary, Donald, Ann, Catherine,
Flora, Allen, Alexander James, Margaret, and Eunice.
Alexander J. McDonald (1846-1931) married Annie McLellan (Donald of Inverness
Co.) Feb 4, 1869 in East Bay. They had the following children: Mary Jane,
Alexander V., Annie Maria, William James (W.J.), Joseph Angus, Colin Francis,
Margaret Ann, Donald, and Rosella Janetta.
William James McDonald (1876-1958) married Elizabeth Anne Gillis, the daughter
of Duncan Martin Gillis of Victoria Bridge. They married Jun 22, 1915. WJ
was a prominent businessman in New Waterford. They were my great
According to members of my family, WJ and Lizzie Ann were cousins. One of my
theories is that James McDonald is the brother of Mary McDonald, who was the
wife of Donald Gillis. Donald and Mary Gillis were Lizzie Ann's grandparents.
If James is the brother of Mary, it is possible that the McDonalds would have
come around the same time as the Gillis family, who came in 1826.
This family seems to just be on the outskirts of the research that has been
done by others. In Stray Leaves of Highland History, Alex J. is mentioned as
having married Annie McLellan. Mary McDonald and WJ McDonald are both
mentioned in A West Wind to East Bay as having married into the Gillis family.
I am trying to find out where the McDonalds came from in Scotland and if they
are connected to any of the other McDonalds who came to Cape Breton.
How about some names? Do you know who the immigrants were and the names
of spouses, children, etc.? Where did they come from, and what was
their religious affiliation?
>I am wondering if anyone is researching the McDonalds from Salmon River, near
>Mira. I have yet to come across anyone who is researching this family.
>Dallas Marie McDonald
>==== NS-CAPE-BRETON Mailing List ====
>Try the search engine on Cape Breton GenWeb at
A few of the children of Reuben and Annie (Lipsett) Hadley of Hadleyville,
Guysborough settled in Cape Breton.
Lena married a MacLennan and Annie married a MacDonald. Does anyone
have Hadley descendants in the files. Thanks, Maureen
In a message dated 9/28/2003 10:01:20 AM Eastern Standard Time,
Date: Sat, 27 Sep 2003 09:29:35 -0400
From: "Jennifer Witham" <jennifer(a)witham.ca>
Subject: [NS-CB-L] Archy Ferguson - possibly McDonald
Another connundrum - I've got an Archy listed as Archy McDonald in the 1871
census for Mira Bay, Div 2 p.20, H59, F61 living in the household of Hugh and
Ann McDonald. On the 1881 census North Mira Dist 6 SubDist R Page 1 Family 4
he is listed as "Archie Fergusson" with the same family. On the family
tombstone at Riverview Cemetery at Marion Bridge he is listed as "Archie Ferguson
(thanks Wayne for your help on this to date)
Does anyone happen to know who this gentleman might be?
Try contacting Allan Fergusson at allanjean(a)idirect.com
He is a descendant of the Fergussons & McDonalds in that area, and is quite
knowledgeable about these families.
cont.: from Part one: SYDNEY RECORD INTERVIEW WITH L.E. JOST, SYDNEY, C.
SYDNEY RECORD, June 27th, 1927.
SKILLED WORK RATES:
"In those days, he said, skilled carpenters and masons worked a ten hour
day for about 15 cents an hour or $1.50 a day. Common labor was from 90
cents to $1 a day.
"Old timers who worked under those rates tell me that they could live as
well on those wages as they do on the high rates in force today."
OLD TIME PLEASURES.
"What did the people do for amusement without any movies or automobiles,
away back in Confederation days?" he was asked.
"Well there was the legitimate theatre, for instance, but even in
Halifax and other large centres there was no daily offering such as the
movies provide now. Show companies came around at more or less regular
intervals and there was an occasional circus.
"Social parties were the order of the day, then as now, but dancing was
not nearly so prevalent in 1860 as it is sixty years later. Moreover, it
was mainly 'set' dancing - lancers, quadrilles and so forth.
"Automobiles were unknown, but the young sort of that day who wanted to
cut a dash drove a 'tandem' instead of a smart roadster or coupe.
"In a tandem, two horses were harnessed in Indian file, one before the
other, and they were driven from the elevated sear of a highly lacquered
"This was the ideal turnout of the town sports of 1867.
"One source of entertainment for some of the population, at least, was
hard liquor which was cheap, plentiful and sold everywhere.
"Even among people who did not countenance strong liquors of any kind,
wine and beer were quite generally used and were on every dinner table.
"The ladies would retire after dessert, leaving the gentlemen around the
table to discuss the 'groceries' - in other words the hard liquors. That
is, they began around the table, but too frequently ended up under it."
THE GOOD NEW DAYS.
Mr. Jost is not one of those who decries the present in favour of the
'good old days.'
"They were good days," he says, "but although people lived more cheaply
then, I consider that the advantages they enjoy today more than
compensate for the increased cost of living.
"Just take the electric light, for instance. Recently I had occasion to
go into a part of my cellar where the electric light cord could not
reach. So I took a candle. I tried to drive a nail. As I held the feeble
flame up close to the nail head in order to see what I was doing, I
wondered how folks had ever been able to get along with such a primitive
"The motor car I consider one of the greatest boons of the present day.
I feel a little too old to tackle driving it myself, but I greatly enjoy
riding with others.
"The value of radio cannot be over-estimated, and its possibilities have
not yet been even faintly fathomed.
"The telephone, the wireless telegraph -- we live in wonderful days."
The header in this interview doesn't agree with the very first sentence,
Mr. Jost spoke.
SYDNEY RECORD, June 27th, 1927
"NOVA SCOTIA, IN THE LONG RUN, BETTER OFF IF SHE HAD STAYED OUT OF
CONFEDERATION," SAYS L.E. JOST, 79, VETERAN SYDNEY BUSINESS MAN OUT OF
KNOWLEDGE OF THE WHOLE 60 YEARS OF CANADIAN HISTORY.
"I think that Nova Scotia, in the long run, is better off than she would
have been had she remained outside Confederation," said Lewis E. Jost,
79, one of Sydney's oldest residents, when interviewed recently by The
Record on his recollections of Confederation and the period immediately
preceding and following the momentous year 1867.
Mr. Jost's opinion is particularly valuable because it is that of a man
who speaks with his faculties undimmed by the passage of 60 years during
most of which he has been engaged in business operation that have given
him a first hand opportunity to study the economic and other results of
Not only mentally alert, but physically very active for a man of his
years. As a matter of fact the interviewer found him engaged, with W.P.
BROWN, another veteran of about the same years, shingling a portion of
the roof of his dwelling, 15 feet above ground, without the aid of
"Of course," said Mr. Jost with a smile when asked whether the union has
been a good or bad thing for Nova Scotia, "I may be a prejudiced witness
for I came of a Confederate family, and always voted Confederate
Mr. Jost was born in Sydney in 1848, but when about nine months old was
taken by his family to Halifax, where re resided for many years. There
was no railway in eastern Nova Scotia then, and they travelled by sea in
"My earliest distinct recollection of any important event concerns the
close of the Crimean War," said Mr. Jost. "I remember seeing the flags
and hearing the cheering and the firing of guns from the forts. It must
have been several months after the actual close of hostilities owing to
the slow communications in those days, and I would be then between eight
and nine years of age."
Mr. Jost says he never took a very active part in politics and
consequently his recollections are more mercantile than political.
"The Civil War stands out quite distinctly in my recollection," he said.
"I lived at halifax then and the harbour was full of blockade runners
and the hotels swarmed with agents of the North and South plotting and
counter plotting for running war supplies in through the Union fleet and
bringing out raw cotton. Before the war we could get factory cotton for
5, 6, and 7 cents a yard, but owing to the blockade prices rose to 25
cents and more. Fortunes were made and lost in much the same way that
the rum-runners operate at the present time."
OLD TIME PROSPERITY.
"Much of the immediate pre Confederation prosperity we hear about was
doubtless due to this war time boom, just as Nova Scotia ports boomed
during the Great War - which by the way, I consider the greatest curse
this country ever endured. It has upset everything.
"As to the normal trade of Nova Scotia, there is no doubt at all that
before the union the ship owners and allied traders were very
prosperous. It is true that the Nova Scotia vessels appeared on every
sea, and that Halifax enjoyed a very lucrative trade with the West
Indies and the world. I know it was a current belief that every Nova
Scotia skipper carried in his cabin a big bag of gold sovereigns the
result of canny trading between his own country and foreign shores. It
is also true that Halifax and Nova Scotia ship owners have been hard hit
since Confederation, but to my mind it is very difficult to say with any
reasonable assurance how much of this is due to Confederation and how
much to unavoidable loses caused by the coming of fast iron and steel
steamers to replace the windjammer of 60 years ago. So much for the ship
owners. I doubt if the general run of the people in 1867 were nearly so
prosperous as the ship owning merchants of Halifax.
"I have given the matter quite a lot of thought at one time and another,
and considering the federal monies expended in various services, the
extension of railways through the province and other improvements and
public works, I believe on the whole that Nova Scotia in the long run is
better off than she would have been if she had stayed out of
"To my mind the exodus to the United States in the last 40 years has
been the most serious thing this province has had to contend with.
Thousands of splendid young people have left us. Many of my own people
have gone to New England and have done well there. I have no doubt that
if I had gone there and worked as hard as I have had to work here to
acquire a modest independence I would have been much better off in some
ways than I am today. But I have no regrets for that. My only regret is
that we have not been able to hold all our young people; and I think the
best energies of the province should now be devoted to keeping your
young people in the province and provide them with the means of making a
living at home. If that can be done we need not worry ourselves about
immigration from outside." [[JMD -- His sentiments quoted so long ago
are still the sentiments of Nova Scotians today and still our most
precious commodity "our sons and daughters" are leaving for
opportunities that they can't get at home.]]
LIVING WAS CHEAPER.
Mr. Jost says that living in Nova Scotia was much cheaper in early
Confederation days than it is now, but wages were proportionately low.
"When I first went to work in a store in Halifax my salary was the
princely sum of $100 a year and I had to 'find myself', as the saying
was, which meant that I lived at home. We had to work till 9 o'clock
every night of the week except Saturday, when the place stayed open
until 11 o'clock or later, according to the state of business. At
certain seasons of the year when large orders were being shipped out, we
worked until midnight every night.
"When I had saved $1000, I went into business for myself, with another
young man. We had our shop on Granville Street. I remained in Halifax
until 1894 when I returned to Sydney and entered business here."
Between the time when he went to Halifax as a child and his return here
to go into business he spent about two years in Sydney working for his
uncle, who conducted a store here. Mr. Jost pointed out a number of
interesting landmarks in the street near his home, which at one time was
in the centre of the retail business of the town of Sydney. The
Ingrahams were the first to venture up town, and when they built on the
corner of Prince and Charlotte streets, where Nathanson's book store now
stands, people considered that they were moving out into the country.
Others followed, and gradually business all moved out into Ward 2 and
Ward 1 became almost purely residential, some of the old stores being
turned into dwellings.
"I built this house by day's work at a total cost of about $1,600," he
said. "The same type of dwelling, built as solidly, would today cost at
least $5,000 and maybe more. I was offered $6,000 for it during the
steel boom in 1901-2, but did not part with it because I always like to
live where I could over look the harbour."
To be continued in Part II: SYDNEY RECORD INTERVIEW WITH L.E. JOST,
SYDNEY RECORD, June 27th, 1927
"EFFIGY OF BOURINOT FLAMED HIGH ON ESPLANADE WHEN HE TURNED
Among the men prominent in the Confederation fight in this part of the
country, one of the most colorful figures, by all account, was the HON.
JOHN BOURINOT, SENATOR.
At the time that union of the provinces became a live issue, he was a
member for Cape Breton County in Nova Scotia legislature.
According to surviving Anti-Confederate and some of their descendants,
he left Sydney for Halifax pledged to vote against union, but somewhere
en route his convictions underwent a change and he lined up with the
Tupper men against Howe.
Sydney was a hot-bed of Anti-Confederate sentiment -- only two families
in the town, came out openly for union, according to The Records'
information -- and the indignation that followed news of what was
regarded as the defection of the wise representative may easily be
BOURINOT was hanged in effigy and also burned in effigy in front of his
residence, which stood on the site of the building now known as Watson's
hotel and was then one of the show places of the town.
Bourinot was French consul and as the Republique Francais then
maintained a large fleet of cruisers on this station his home was the
scene of some of the most memorable of old time social events of Sydney.
Some of those who participated in banquets to visiting naval dignitaries
speak appreciatively of the rare old wines and liquors that found their
way to the table from the Bourinot cellar on such occasions.
Sailors of the fleet frequently landed there for route marches through
the town and country; and the excellent bands of the warships came
ashore for special concerts with which the consul regaled his fellow
Practically all the supplies needed for the French squadron were
purchased through the consul and an old timer was speaking just the
other day of how live cattle used to be taken out to the ships in the
Boats with booms over the sides were employed. The heads of the cattle
were tied loosely to the booms and they were made to swim after the
boats out to the vessels, where canvas bands were placed under them and
they were hoisted by pulleys to the decks of the warships.
Although ordinarily esteemed by his fellow citizens, BOURINOT'S part in
the Confederation struggle was never forgotten and for many years
afterwards there were frequent and bitter references to it by political
opponents whenever public affairs chanced to bring back some echo of the
battles of 1867.
After the Union, Bourinot became a Federal Senator. He died many years
ago and is buried in St. George's churchyard, Charlotte Street, where
his grave may still be seen. He was of French Huguenot extraction and
was one of the outstanding figures in the life of Sydney.
THE SYDNEY RECORD, JUNE 27, 1927
'NOVA SCOTIA DID NOT GET FAIR DEAL IN 1867,' SAYS A.G. MACLEAN, BUT
BELIEVES DUNCAN REPORT WILL REMOVE MANY LONG STANDING DISABILITIES'
Notions prevalent in 1927 that 60 years ago Nova Scotia was divided into
two armed camps, and every one was out after his neighbour with an axe
on the Confederation issue, are all wrong, according to A.G. MACLEAN,
veteran Sydney magistrate, who has a very clear recollection of the
events of 1927. (JMD's note:- A typing error as it should have been
"There was considerable excitement of course," said Mr. MacLean, when
interviewed at the City Hospital, where he has been laid up for the past
two months with a broken leg, "but the bitterest feeling was confined to
the comparatively small class of politicians and political
camp-followers who would be engaged in the actual election hostilities.
"I remember the Confederation period well, for I was attending Normal
School at Truro at the time. Among my class mates there was CALDER (also
a West Bay man) who was the father of R.L. CALDER, K.C., Montreal, now
one of the most noted lawyers in Canada and whose interview on this very
subject some months ago, you will remember, set some Maritime people by
Mr. MacLean intimated that, so far as public feeling went, the 1867
election was no more notable than the Reciprocity campaign in 1911.
Instead Instead interest in both cases was worked to a very high pitch
by the extraordinary efforts of the professional election managers and
agents on both sides, lifting the campaigns far above the excitement or
ordinary political combats, but when they were over they were largely
forgotten by the people at large, although some of the active
participants continued to cherish grievances real or imaginary.
The occasional outbreaks on the subject in after years -- excepting
always of course, the repeal movement of 1886 -- would be comparable,
Mr. MacLean thought to the occasional references made in current
campaigns to what the country might or might not have gained by adopting
Reciprocity in 1911.
"For instance," said Mr. MacLean, who is a native of West Bay, C.B. and
did not come to Sydney until about six or seven years after the union,
"although we had a very active debating society at Normal, I cannot
recall that the subject of Confederation was ever discussed before it.
As we had full freedom of choice of subjects the only meaning I can take
from that after this lapse of time is that there was so little interest
in the subject around Truro -- or the Normal School part of it -- that
we did not bother to take it up."
BETTER OR WORSE?
"Do you think Nova Scotia would be better off today if she had stayed
out of Confederation altogether?"
"A hard question to answer," said Mr. MacLean with Scottish caution,
"but I think probably union has been the best thing we could have done.
I am a great believer in union in state as well as in church. 'In union
there is strength,' we are told, and I think it cannot be denied.
"At the same time I feel strongly that Nova Scotia did not get a fair
deal, financially, in 1867 [[JMD's note:- Nova Scotians didn't think so
in 1867, 1927 and are no different today. They don't think they get a
fair deal from the federal gov't. Than neither does any other Province
... nothing ever really chances. ;o)]] and owing to their greater
populations and resources there is no doubt that Ontario and Quebec have
dominated the country's economic policies and to a certain extent
strangle our Nova Scotia trade.
"The effects upon Nova Scotia of this one-sided alliance would have been
much more serious but for the efforts of able sons of this province who
have come to aid in every crisis.
"First there was JOE HOWE who would not acquiesce in Confederation until
he had secured better terms than those originally proposed."
HOWE obtained scant results from his trip to England in an attempt to
block union altogether, but at the Portland conference, with
representatives of Upper Canada, succeeded in getting the modification
which continued to be known through many years as the 'Better Terms.'
The HON. W.S. FIELDING took up the cudgels for his native province, and
in 1886 secured a further re-adjustment.
"Other concessions have been won from time to time," said Mr. MacLean,
"until last, and probably greatest, we have the Duncan report, which to
my mind, should have a great effect in removing many of the most serious
disabilities that we have laboured under for the last 60 years.
More information on CALDER can be found in "The History of Inverness
County on pages 538 and 549"