Based on the information in Ingersoll's Lanier, I have William listed as the
son of Thomas and Polly (Vaughn) Lanier, grandson of William and Elizabeth
(Burch) Lanier, great-grandson of Thomas and Ann (Maclin) Lanier, and
great-great-grandson of Sampson and Elizabeth (Washington) Lanier. According to
Ingersoll, he was born Aug. 7, 1799, in Smoky Ordinary, VA, first married in Brunswick
Co., VA, and died during the Yellow Fever epidemic in Vicksburg, MS. I have
no doubt he is related in some way to your William Lanier.
I have been hesitant to send information for the new book because I know once
something is printed, it becomes accepted by most people as fact. "Trust,
but verify" cannot be repeated enough. William's family is complicated, at
best. I think there may even be a third wife that Ingersoll had not identified.
Also, she has his middle initial listed as "H." and the only primary source I
have found that lists his middle initial has "D.". It is possible
"H." is an
error or a typo, or he could have had three names. I have found documented
connections between William's family and the Pennington and Cage families, so I
feel Ingersoll had him "placed" correctly in the lineage.
In January 2005, I posted information about WIlliam's family on the Lanier
List, hoping the documented facts and/or my comments would "ring a bell" with
some of the researchers. I haven't discovered anything new since then, but I
have included a copy at the bottom of this note for those who may not have been
on the list at the time. If any researcher has connections to the HERRON,
PENNINGTON, CAGE, VOWELL, WREN, CATE, HARRIS, BATTS, FITTS (PITTS?), or
McCLELLAND families of Wilson, Cheatham, and Weakley Counties in TN, please take a few
extra minutes to read the following message. Any corrections, additions, or
comments are welcomed.
Posted January 2005:
The basis for my research can be found in Louise Ingersoll's book, Lanier, on
pages 188-189, as follows:
"31282 William H. Lanier b. Aug. 7, 1799 Smoky Ordinary, Va. d. Vicksburg,
Miss. 1878 during the Yellow Fever epidemic; m. 1st Brunswick Co. Apr. 30, 1821
Martha J. Pennington; m. 2nd Weakley Co. Tenn. Ruth Herron
31282-1 Evaline Lanier b. 1833 Tenn.
-2 Solomon Lanier b. 1836 Tenn. m. Frances - , lived Martin, Weakley Co.
-21 Cora Lanier b. 1862 Martin, Tenn. m. Mr. Long, lived Trenton, Tenn. where
she died 1958, age 96, leaving four married daughters, and three sons.
-3 Sutems ? Lanier b. 1837
-4 Richard Lanier b. 1839
-5 Rose Lanier b. 1847 (2nd wife) in Wilson Co. Tenn.
-6 Araminta Lanier b. 1849 in Wilson Co.
-7 Andrew Lanier b. 1852 in Wilson Co.
-8 Virginia Lanier b. 1859 in Wilson Co.
Probably older children in Weakley Co."
William Lanier married Ruth Melissa Ann Herron in Wilson Co., TN, on Sept. 1,
1847. [Ref: Marriages of Wilson Co., TN, p. 216]
Linear (sic), William 51, Ruth M. 21, Evaline 17, Solomon 14, Suterns 13,
Richard 11, Rose 3, Carilda Fitts 16, Va T, Wl-1491-842
[Ref: 1850 TN Census, transcribed by Byron and Barbara Sistler, p. 111]
Wm. D. Lanier and wife Ruth M. to Jas. T. Patton land allotted to Ruth M.
Lanier in the division of land of dec. brother Jas. G. Herron. 03 Feb 1851
[Ref: Wilson Co., TN, Deed Book Y, pp. 487-488, abstracted]
Lanier, William 60, Ruth 30, Richard 21, Rose 14, Arminta 12, Andrew 8,
Virgina 1, Wl-241-368
Lanier, Lutimus 23, Araminta 20, Virginia 1, We-288-335
Lanier, Solomon 27, Sina 3, We-288-335
[Ref: 1860 TN Census, transcribed by Byron and Barbara Sistler, p. 269]
Ingersoll was, no doubt, correct in presuming there were older children whom
she had not identified, although they may or may not have been in Weakley Co.,
TN. Since William married Martha J. Pennington in 1821 and the oldest child
listed is Eveline who was born in 1833 and assuming 1821 is not a
typographical error, it is reasonable to think there are other, unidentified children in
This has been a very difficult family to research as it seems they moved to
various places between 1850 and 1870. Apparently, Evaline had married and
Solomon and Lutines went to Weakley Co., TN, before 1860. William and Ruth were
still in Wilson Co., TN, at that time. By 1870, William had left Wilson Co.,
TN, for MS, I presume. Ingersoll indicates he died in Vicksburg, MS, during
the Yellow Fever epidemic in 1878. I haven't found William, Ruth, Richard, or
Andrew in the 1870 Census, but I believe Rosa had married, Araminta was left
with a Pennington family in Cheatham Co., TN, and Louisa was listed with a Cage
family in Cheatham Co., TN. By 1880, Ruth was back in TN and enumerated as a
widow in the household of her brother Eli Thompson Herron in Cheatham Co., TN.
Finding Araminta and Louisa listed with Pennington and Cage families,
respectively, somewhat alleviates my concerns about the discrepancy in William's
middle initial. The 1851 deed has "D." and Ingersoll has "H."
identified William's first wife as a Pennington and William's brother, Sterling
Hartwell, had a daughter who married a Cage, so it appears Araminta and Louisa may
have been left with extended family. (Does anyone know if Martha J. Pennington
had a brother named Robert Pennington?)
Evaline - I know nothing of Evaline other than a descendant of Richard Wesley
and Evaline C. Cate believes she may have been a Lanier. This was based on a
letter he found in the family Bible, but I have not seen this letter.
According to the descendant, Richard and Eveline Cate moved to Boydsville, Greene
Co. (later Clay Co.), AR. Cate family tradition identifies her as a Carter.
Solomon - He married Frances M. Vowell on June 25, 1854, in Weakley Co., TN.
Frances was the sister of Araminta Vowell who married Soloman's brother
Lutines. A Vowell researcher identified their father as Jehu Harrison Vowell who
moved to Greene Co., AR. Solomon and Frances had two children, Sina and Cora.
Sutems ? - This name has been transcribed many different ways - Sutems,
Suterns, Lutimus, and Culines, but a descendant of "Sutems?" identified him as
Lutines. He married first Araminta W. Vowell on April 12, 1858, in Weakley Co.,
TN. Their children were Virginia, Lawrence, Catherine, Ruth, Harriet, and
Nola. He married second Effie D. Trantham on May 27, 1890. Their children were
Tommie, Bonnie, and Curdine. A death certificate for L. W. Lanier who died
July 13, 1924, in Weakley Co., TN, lists his parents as William Lanier and
Rebecca Wren. This leads me to believe William may have been married more than
twice or inaccurate information was given by the informant, which sometimes
happens during times of stress.
Richard - I know nothing more of Richard, but I did find a death certificate
for a R. F. Lanier of Clarksville, TN, who died on July 4, 1919, at the
Soldiers Home in Nashville, Davidson Co., TN. Year of birth was given as 1840, but
nothing was known about his place of birth or parents. He was listed as
widowed, but was buried at the Soldiers Home Cemetery the day he died. (Can anyone
identify this R. F. Lanier?)
Rose - Rose could possibly be the Rosa C. Lanier who married Joel J. Harris
on Aug. 6, 1868, in Cheatham Co., TN.
Araminta - On April 23, 1873, A. E. Lanier married James R. Walker in
Cheatham Co., TN. This is my husband's line.
Andrew - I have found nothing on him after the 1860 Census.
Virginia - She was listed as Virginia in William's household in 1860. I
believe she was the Louisa Lanier enumerated in the Cage household in 1870
(Cheatham Co., TN) and the Lou V. Lanier listed as a house servant in the household
of Martha S. McClelland, widow, in 1880 (Cheatham Co., TN). However, ages vary
slightly in the three census records. Lou Lanier married Tilford Batts on
Oct. 13, 1881, in Cheatham Co., TN. This could possibly be Virginia.