James Hargreaves, the inventor of the spinning jenny, lived in Stanhill,
Oswaldtwistle (not Stomhill).
----- Original Message -----
From: "Graeme Ardern" <ardlink(a)wave.co.nz>
Sent: Friday, May 30, 2003 10:32 PM
Subject: [LAN] Re:Spinning Jenny & Kays flying shuttle.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Maggie in Wigan" <maggie.sunshine(a)blueyonder.co.uk>
> I seem to remember the invention of the Spinning Jenny (was it Arkwright
> invented this machine?) and there was also Kay's Flying Shuttle.
> All I can remember for certain is that the inventor of the Spinning
> allegedly named it after his wife.
> That may be apocryphal, but it's what I was taught at school (in the
> Ages!) - and his wife was called Jenny!
The "Spinning Jenny" was said to be invented by James Hargreaves in 1764
after his daughter Jenny knocked over their Spinning Wheel & James took
notice of the spindle revolving.This gave him the idea that multiple
spindles could work off one wheel. By the time he took out patents on his
invention in 1770, there had been many copies made of his machine.James
a weaver of Stomhill in Lancashire.His original machine used 8
as time went on these were increased many times over. I don't
wife's name was.
"Kays Flying Shuttle". It is said that a John Kay of Bury, invented the
Flying Shuttle which was a mechanical weaving machine. This machine was
quickly taken up by "Yorkshire Woollen Manufacturers and although they
reaped all the benefits, they refused to pay him any royalties.After
litigation to try and recover these, he was almost ruined and
France where he died a pauper. He left behind a son Robert who invented
"Drop Box" which allowed weavers to use several shuttles at
different coloured threads.
About the same time, there was another John Kay, a clockmaker, who was
Warrington,(no relation to the other John Kay) who was in
a Thomas Hayes /Heyes/ Highs of Leigh. They had their own new
machine that utilised "Draw Rollers" that they were developing, when Sir
Richard Arkwright a businessman, hairmaker & wig-maker of Bolton, at the
time, found out about it. When he learnt about their lack of funds, he
enticed John Kay away from Thomas Hayes/ Highs with his offer to finance
commercialise the machine. John Kay drew up more plans of a machine
usedused three sets of rollers which spun at increasing speeds to draw out
They soon fell out with one another and Arkwright tried to obtain patent
rights over the machine, but some of his competitors challenged him for
of originality in his patents. He later went on to become one of
largest Mill owners .
Arkwright later went into business with Jedidiah Strutt & Samuel Needs
opening a mill at Nottingham.It is said that Arkwright used others ideas
further his own ambitions.He died about 1792 a very rich man.
It must also be remembered that Thomas Hayes /Highs of Leigh, invented a
"Spinning Jenny" type machine that pre-dated the Hargreaves machine by a
number of years.
Regards Graeme Ardern, PO Box 4379, Mt Maunganui, New Zealand.
Researching in Cheshire and Lancashire,UK.
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