Subject: TIP #293 CIVIL WAR PRISONER OF WAR CAMPS
TIP #293 - PRISONER OF WAR CAMPS
Below I have listed the prison camps which existed during the Civil War.
Kentucky soldiers were housed in many of these. Where I have been able to
find a source where the reader can search for a specific name, I have
CAMP ANDERSONVILLE, Sumter County, GA
Opened: February 1864
Size and description: 26 acres
Prisoners: Union, over 32,000
Difficulties: Lack of fresh water, sanitation at a minimum as the stream in
the prison yard also served as the latrine.
Known deaths there: 13,000
Web site: http://www.corinthian.net/mccc/plookup.htm
CAMP BELL ISLAND, James River at Richmond, VA
Opened after the 1st Bull Run
Size and description: No barracks, clusters of tents
Difficulties: Difficult escapes because of the rapids of the James River,
many drowned trying to
Known deaths there: Unknown
CAMP CHASE, Location: 4 miles west of Columbus, OH
Opened: First used as training camp for Union Volunteers
Prisoners: Confederate, 1861
Size and description: Over 9,000
Difficulties: No visitors, no prisoners allowed to leave camp. Not enough
Many prisoners starved to death or died because of exposure.
Known deaths: No totals found, said to have averaged 40 Confederate soldiers
CAMP DOUGLAS, Near Chicago, Il
Opened: February 1862 for prisoners after surrender of Fort Donelson.
Size and description: Large, sprawling, held over 7,000 prisoners
Difficulties: Disease, poor sanitation, hunger, lack of clothing in winter,
rotting bodied laying around, varmit infested.
Known Deaths: No totals found, said that in Jan and Feb of 1863,
approximately 18 prisoners died
CAMP FORD, 4 miles northwest of Tyler, TX
Opened: August 1863.
Size and description: Slaves built the open stockades, built their own
shelters. Sod Huts,
Holes in the ground with canvas stretched over them. Largest in Texas. By
late 1864, over
4,900 prisoners held here.
Conditions: Running water, stream in the midst of camp. Minimal food
shortages with local
farmers being allowed to sell produce to the prisoners. Prisoners could
earn money by doing
Known Deaths: 250-230
CAMP PINCKNEY, about a mile off shore from Charleston on a shoal off Shutes
Opened: Originally built by the government in the 1790 to protect
One of the first prisoner of war camps, not a death camp.
Size and description: None found
Conditions: One of the best. Strict discipline, clean, sanitary, peaceful,
no known escapees
Known Deaths: None found
CAMP DANVILLE: Danville, VA
Opened: Not found.
Size and Description: 6 tobacco warehouses.
Conditions: Said to be peaceful, but possibly with bad conditions. Crowded,
rows of cots
And narrow isles. Had smallpox and fever raging here.
CAMP ELMIRA, Elmira, NY
Size and Description: 40 acres, 35 barracks
Conditions: High death rate, horrid living conditions, most caused by the
Camp Colonel -
Starvation high. Over 10,000 men confined there by August of 1874. Few
clothes and no
Blankets. Rations reduced to bread and water. 1,870 cases of scurvey,
Diarrhea, smallpox. At the end of 1874, 1,264 prisoners were dead.
By families but only those that were gray in color were distributed.
Known Deaths: At least 25 percent of the 12,123 prisoners who entered; at
FORT DELAWARE, Pea Patch Island in the Delaware River.
Opened: Prior to 1863.
Size and Description: Built to house 2,000 but had increased to 8,000 by
Housed in buildings; men in tents or wooden barracks.
Conditions: Many ill with scurvey, food only came from civilian
sympathizers. If soldiers
Had money, bartered; if not, they would sell parts of their clothes to
buy food. Water
Impure, flooding with dead fish, dead leaves, wretched smell. Small box
epidemic in 1863.
Known Deaths: Not recorded, but prisoners held here for an additional 2
The war had ended.
FORT JEFFERSON: Garden Key, Dry Tortugas (islands west of Key West).
Opened: 1846 as a coastal fort.
Prisoners: Criminals from Union Armies
Size and Description: Barren sand, 50 foot high brick walls.
Conditions: Considered to be one of the worst, nicknamed "Devil's Island".
Prisoners wore a ball and chain, insect problems, bedbugs, guards that were
cruel to prisoners, yellow fever, malaria.
Known Deaths: Not recorded
FORT McHENRY: On a peninsula in Maryland's Baltimore Harbor.
Opened: Not shown
Prisoners: Confederate plus police commissioners, those who sympathized with
the south, Army and Navy personnel who were sympathetic to the south, rebel
surgeons and chaplains.
Size and description: Not found
Conditions: Considered one of the best. Prisoners well-treated, female
visitors allowed, debate clubs held, more than one language spoken. Known
deaths: Not found.
JOHNSON'S ISLAND, Sandusky Bay, Lake Erie.
Date Opened: February 1862
Size and description: 300 acres, barracks, each holding 180 men; hospital,
wash house, mess halls. Guards on walkways at top of wooden fence.
Conditions: Good food supply, prisoners could buy from locals, not crowded
until later in the war.
By later on, it held over 3,000 prisoners - men were mostly officers.
LIBBY PRISON, Richmond, VA.
Date opened: not shown
Size: Three story brick building.
Conditions: Considered a runner-up to Andersonville with an infamous
reputation. Prisoners were so crowded as to have to sleep on their side to
fit. Very short food supply, cold, lice, . If a soldier was seen in the
windows looking out, he could be shot. By May 1964, 125,000 prisoners had
been placed here - all officers.
Deaths Recorded: Not shown.
To be continued:
(c) Copyright 25 May 2000, Sandra K. Gorin, All Rights Reserved,
Col. Sandi Gorin, 205 Clements,Glasgow, KY 42141
(270) 651-9114 - E-fax (707)222-1210 - e-mail: sgorin(a)glasgow-ky.com
Member: Glasgow-Barren Co Chamber of Commerce
Barren Co: http://www.rootsweb.com/~kybarren/
==== KYRESEARCH Mailing List ====
To unsubscribe, send message to KYRESEARCH-REQUEST(a)rootsweb.com and say
unsubscribe in the message.