Thank you for reading and thank you for commenting. Corrections are
You are correct in that I did write that the May 1868 ceremony at
Arlington National Cemetery could not have included Confederate
soldiers; there was no excuse for such a mistake. I'll claim too much
of a rush to post the article so that I could go out sand participate in
activities which included my family. However, knowing of the very hard
feelings in the area of Little Egypt concerning both North and South, it
is better for reconciliation to believe in inclusion than it opposing
philosophy. Still not an excuse for such a error in detail of fact.
As to giving General Logan his due in using his full name, please refer
to paragraph three of the archived article at:
And, thirdly, there wasn't room in the article to include Mrs Logan's
contributions; the article was already at its length limits. Some day I
will do an article on the Mrs Logan because she is an interesting person.
Lastly and least-ly, there is very little my ISP returns to any sender,
if anything. Whether it thinks it is spam or some form of virus it
notifies me and at least gives me the full header.. ATT lets me
eliminate my own rejects.
Little Egypt Heritage
I have made two attempts to contact you privately, but your e-mail address
does not accept messages from my return address.
In your previous article, you wrote about the origins of Decoration Day /
Memorial Day and the ceremony of 1868.
You correctly cited the role played by Maj. Gen. John A. Logan, although I
think you referred to him as merely Gen. Logan and did not mention the role
played by his wife. But, I am not writing to you about that.
I think you made a significant historical error worth writing to you about,
was in saying that in 1868 flowers were placed on the graves of the Union
and the Confederate soldiers buried at Arlington.
Perhaps I am misremembering your article, but if you did say that, then that
was incorrect. Unfortunately, I accidentally deleted your article, so I
check it now. If I have misremembered it, please ignore the following:
Arlington cemetery did not have any Confederate burials until 1900, when the
Confederate section was established and Confederate soldiers that had been
buried at other Northern cemeteries were reinterred at Arlington.
Arlington cemetery, as was Memorial Day, was originally conceived to honor
only the Union soldiers.
Note the wording of Maj. Gen. Logan's order (General Order No. 11):
I. The 30th day of May, 1868, is designated for the purpose of strewing with
flowers or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense
of their country during the late rebellion, and whose bodies now lie in
almost every city, village, and hamlet churchyard in the land. In this
observance no form or ceremony is prescribed, but posts and comrades will in
their own way arrange such fitting services and testimonials of respect as
circumstances may permit.
We are organized, comrades, as our regulations tell us, for the purpose,
among other things, "of preserving and strengthening those kind and
fraternal feelings which have bound together the soldiers, sailors, and
marines who united to suppress the late rebellion."
The original wording and intent was to honor those who died IN DEFENSE OF
the US and who united to SUPPRESS THE LATE REBELLION.
Later, of course, there was a reconciliation, but this had not happened by
----- Original Message -----
From: "Bill" <wnoliver(a)worldnet.att.net>
Sent: Sunday, May 29, 2005 8:18 AM
Subject: [ILJACKSON] Little Egypt Heritage, 29 May 2005, Vol 4 #22, Special
>Little Egypt Heritage Articles
>Stories of Southern Illinois
>© Bill Oliver
>29 May 2005
>Vol 4 Issue: #22, Special Edition
>Osiyo, Good Evening Ladies and Gentlemen of Little Egypt,
>On this weekend of Memorials a special:
>Dr William R Lawrence
>17 May 1923 20 April 2005
>?Tonight we sing the old songs, remembering,
>The flute is like the wind,
>The drums like distant thunder,
>Like Buffalo on the prairie.
>Voices blend together in song,
>A blanket woven from eons of existence.
>Smoke rises from the campfire into the sky.
>This gathering is good,
>Seeing old friends from distant homes.
>Dancing to the chant and the drum.
>But the ride here was long and I am tired.
>I close my eyes and listen to the breeze
>Whispering about the Old Ones.
>[from Time Walker Trilogy, Second Journey by Les Tate]
>On the 20th of April last I started an article about a church in the
>community of Reynoldsburg, Burnside Township, Johnson County, Illinois.
>This church sits a very few miles east of Tunnel Hill. Both of these
>places have very special meaning for me and others. Some of my Great
>Grandparents called the communities home. Tunnel Hill, where Great
>Great Uncle Monroe Benson lived, there under the bluffs Sunday
>picnickers would spread their blankets. And, Reynoldsburg, where 3rd
>Great Grandpa James Harper would preach. These two places were also
>home to Dr William R Lawrence, M.D. of Chicago Heights, who recently
>passed over into the next phase of life.
>My Dad, with a twinkle in e eye, used to recite a poem to the delight
>of youngsters and family which went like this:
>?Just a line to say Im living
>That Im not among the dead
>Tho Im gettin forgetful
>And more mixed up in my head.
>So, if it is my turn to write
>There is no need to get sore
>I may think that I have written
>And dont want to be a bore.
>There are five more verses, and Dr Lawrence used this poem to begin his
>family history. Like my Dad, I dont believe it really told the truth
>about the man.
>Dr Lawrence was a patron of the Reynoldsburg Church and he remembered
>his youth in Tunnel Hill. Dr Lawrence was fond of quoting poetry and old
>sayings. When he retired he remarked that, There was an old-spinning
>wheel in the parlor, spinning dreams of long ago, which prompted him to
>reminisce and record some of the happenings of life. A man who knew the
>effects of drugs upon the human, he remarked that the genealogical
>study [of his family] had become an addiction. By his own admission, he
>spent many hours and dollars, but it was the great feeling of
>accomplishment which seemed to give him pride.
>He paints the picture of Tunnel Hill as a great little thriving
>metropolis with a population of 69. He tells that it was just one big
>great and loving family. That at one time Tunnel Hill had four grocery
>stores, three doctors, three churches, a railroad depot, a fruit
>warehouse, a Masonic and IOOF hall, plus a post office. As he says, it
>is all gone, including the railroad tracts.
>Some of the residents at Tunnel Hill helped blast a hole through the
>hill for the railroad, thus giving the town its name.
>In May 1923 when it was time for Dr Lawrence to come forth into the
>world, his mother wanted to give birth in her own home, thus refusing to
>go to a hospital saying that people only went to a hospital to die.
>That sure sounds familiar. [grin]
>As many readers know, Johnson County has some swamps and some coal
>mining near by. It was a common belief that when jack-o-ma-lanterns
>[pockets of fluorescent gas that escaped from old tree stumps and glowed
>in the dark] were seen that some catastrophic happenings was about to
>happen. Quite often something could be found to establish the truth of
>Higher education was rare in these small communities, many finishing
>only the third, sixth, or eighth grades. Yet there was a good degree of
>both common sense and intelligence. Of these Dr Lawrence bragged about
>his parents and family. His own accomplishments would support that. Dr
>Lawrence was encouraged to go to high school where he graduated from
>Vienna Township High School as valedictorian in 1940. Then he went on to
>Southern Illinois Normal University on a scholarship and later
>graduating with a BEd. After serving 3 ½ years in the Air Force
>attaining the rank of Captain, he returned to Southern Illinois
>University to complete his pre-med course to receive his BA degree. In
>1952 he earned his BS degree and in 1954 he graduated and began his
>externship, internship and residency at Illinois Central Hospital in
>Chicago. He eventually became Chief of Surgery there.
>Dr Lawrence and his wife, Marilyn, raised three children, a daughter and
>a set of twin boys. In the southern Chicago area he and close friends
>opened a clinic. Dr Lawrence retired in 1994 and allowed genealogy to
>take over the hours spent with patients. He was very proud of his life
>experiences and satisfied with his life.
>Dr Lawrence ended his family book with the poem When Day is Done by
>Edna Mae Griffith.
>The day so full of promise has already slipped away,
>Like dying coals upon the fire where logs of oak once lay.
>Some victories some losses with work yet to be done,
>People who will need me, struggles to be won.
>So I kneel beside my bed, I ask nothing but His Grace,
>That love might light my way,
>Gone forever is that day content Ive done my best,
>I hand it over now to God and seek His Peaceful rest.
>Dr Lawrence and Mrs Marilyn Lawrences ashes were laid to rest in the
>Reynoldsburg Cemetery today, 29 May 2005. Rest in Peace, Good Folks.
>e-la-Di-e-das-Di ha-wi nv-wa-do-hi-ya nv-wa-to-hi-ya-da. (May you walk
>in peace and harmony)
>Other sites worth visiting:
>= = = =
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