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TO GET A PRAIRIE CHICKEN
by Elizabeth Tuttle
'Learning is Wealth'
* * * * * *
The question strangers most often ask about Chariton is "Where did it get
The answer comes from the "Lucas County History of 1881". In a very early
day, a French Indian trader established a trading post on the north bank of
the Missouri River where an unnamed river was flowing into it. To this
river the Frenchman gave his own name, which with English spelling, becomes
The river comes into Lucas County from the west. Southwest of the town it
makes a sharp turn northward then turns again and angles southeast of
Centerville, from which point it turns again and flows almost due south
until it joins the Missouri at a point where the town of Glasgow is now
located and where the Frenchman had his trading post.
* Indians Moved Out *
By the autumn of 1846 the Sac and Fox Indians, who owned this land, had
moved west in accordance with their treaty with the government.
Then came a band of Mormons, the first white people to set foot in Lucas
county. There was a great migration of them moving from Nauvoo, Ill. to
Utah, where they expected to establish their New Jerusalem. Some of them
traveled over what we now know as the Bluegrass road, although there was no
road at that time.
Many years later the D.A.R. organization erected a stone marker on that road
a short distance southeast of Chariton, commencing their long hard journey.
The D.A.R. also erected a stone on the courthouse lawn honoring the Mormon
These Mormons found and settled in the pyramid-shaped angle of the river and
named it "Chariton Point". They built log shanties with dirt floors and
thatched roofs, planted crops and lived there parts of two years, before
pushing on to Utah. There were several sections of this migration and some
added more shanties.
In the mid 1840's, Thomas Brandon, grandfather of Sterling Martin, traded
some livestock for some of the shanties and lived there for a time. Mr.
Brandon was then only 19 years old.
Material for this article has been drawn from many sources, among them a
thesis written by Mrs. Thelma Barnhart and loaned to this writer.
Education was a prime concern of the pioneers. Before schools could be
established, a few children would be gathered together in a home and taught
the fundamentals -- "readin', writin' and 'rithmetic." The first worship
services were also held in homes but churches and schools were built as soon
as possible and at first all were of logs like the homes.
The first school in Chariton was taught by Crawford Sellers in the winter of
1852-53. There are no records and no other information. The next year,
Frank Savacool taught school in a log building near where the post office is
now. The first structures were warmed by fireplaces.
The pupils sat on slab benches and used slanting shelves fastened along the
wall by pegs for desks. These were for the larger pupils. The little
children had to sit on similar benches without the benefit of any kind of
back rest during the long school hours.
In 1855, the school district authorized the first school house to be built
where the Baptist Church now stands. It was a frame building about 24 by 40
feet and was still standing when the History of 1881 was written, at which
time it was in use as a broom factory.
In 1859 the district was reorganized into an independent town school
district. Isaac Kneeland was secretary and Warren S. Dungan, father of the
late Myra Dungan and of Mrs. Edna Culbertson of Minneapolis, was a director,
which position he held for many years.
The school term was for six months and there were three grades: Primary and
Intermediate, where women teachers were paid $20 and $25 per month
respectively, and the Secondary grade, taught by a man whose salary was $40
When a teacher was sick, the janitor was asked to build the fire and for
this he was paid 25 cents per week. Coal was 10 cents a bushel. At the
close of the school year, the board had to borrow $100 as the women teachers
had not been paid for three months.
The next year, 1860, the board had to borrow $75 for a five-year term and
give a mortgage on the school building. They bought two stoves for $57.50.
The man teacher agreed on a salary of $30 and the women agreed on $15 and
$18 respectively. These salaries continued for about three years. Money
was scarce but this was a healthy, growing community and more room was
In 1864 the board bought the old M.E. Church -- a frame building 24 by 36
feet for $400. It stood where Johnson Machine Works is located. A ten-mill
tax was levied to remodel the building and to raise the teachers' salaries.
This building was then known as "The Old Church School."
The next year the board passed a resolution allowing all children of color
to attend the same schools with white children. Salaries were raised to $50
for the Secondary teacher and $25 for each of the other two.
To Be Continued . . .Chapter XI; Fire.
Copied by Nancee(McMurtrey)Seifert
July 31, 2006
Note: There are pictures of West, Garfield, Bancroft and Columbus Schools if anyone would like for me to send them via jpeg attachment.
TO GET A PRAIRIE CHICKEN
by Elizabeth Tuttle
* * * * * *
Susanna Millan was born in Virginia of patrician parentage whose uncles and
great uncles had served their state under presidents William H. Harrison and
John Tyler. Since this girl was later to become the great-grandmother of
Chariton's late postmaster, Howard C. Copeland, her colorful life-history,
taken from her own hand-written "journal" and given to this column by Mrs.
Edith Copeland, is worth reading and preserving in the annals of Lucas
Her father was Henry B. Millan of the Virginia State Militia. The
description of this young man brings to mind Saul, the Benjamite -- tall,
dark, handsome and withal, stalwart and progressive. A very spacious stone
house built by the British near their Virginia home looked irresistible to
the Captain because his mother had had two pairs of twins and it seemed wise
to him to seek a large house. As soon as his bride-to-be could finish her
pillowslip full of home-knitted stockings and a dozen patch work quilts
(without which no Virginia girl ever married) the wedding took place with
many gifts and the regular complement of slaves.
The stone house, vine-clad and surrounded by great trees had been vacant for
many years, ever since the "Britishers" moved out and left it to the bats
and owls, but it had now been renovated and furnished for the new family.
They lived there several years but the young mistress was unhappy because
the slaves had convinced her that it was haunted. The night sounds inside
and out were the ghosts of the "Britishers" whom the slaves were sure would
carry off their young mistress some dark night. The Captain looked upon a
frame house with disdain but the wife preferred it so they moved to another
place which had a formal garden, arbors and lawn seats and a cemetery in
which peach and pear trees grew. Susanna writes that the most delicious
pears grew nearest the graves and she always wondered while eating them,
which ancestor they were eating! She had learned that in the economy of
nature, "nothing is ever lost or added and thus it is possible that the
particles of which we are made are all as old as the Creation."
But life in Virginia was to come to an end. The big world outside was
beckoning. The Captain had a brother who had emigrated to Missouri and
whose letters were glowing with the riches and blessings to be enjoyed in
this "new west". Eventually the urge overcame all family protests and
bribes and the day came for departure. It was a sad, sad day. Everyone
was weeping, caught in the agony of farewell and not the least was dear old
black Aunt Hannah, in whose spacious and generous arms each child had been
tenderly nurtured. Aunt Hannah refused to be sold. She could not part from
her mistress and family nor could she bear to leave her husband, Uncle Ben
who was owned by another planter. When he came over to bid her goodbye, the
fruitful rivers in the eyes" of all were loosed and shattering sobs took
hold of everyone. It was too much for the Captain. He mounted his horse,
rode over and bought Uncle Ben for $800. Returning, he told Uncle Ben to go
get his clothes and come along. Uncle Ben threw his hat on the ground, gave
Mrs. Millan a tremendous hug, turned to the Captain crying: "God will bless
you for this, Marse Henry!" Susanna writes: "It was here that my father
first realized that he had a heart and he felt that God was on his side." A
happy "camp meeting" was held that night to celebrate the purchase of Uncle
+ + +
Next day the big schooner-like, six-horse wagon pulled out, plodding along
for eight days toward the Ohio River, there to meet the steamer that would
take the family to the junction of the Mississippi, then up to Green's
Landing 12 miles north of Hannibal. Uncle Ben was left behind to bring the
teams and wagon through. As he came through the "free' states of Ohio,
Illinois and Indiana, he was told many times that he was now in free country
and was foolish to go on being a slave but he was true and loyal and would
not leave "Marse Henry" and the family. (In the slave states, a slave could
not go a mile from his master's property without being asked for his "pass"
Weeks later came the rendezvous and this called for another camp meeting
celebration. Finally, they were all settled in their new home in Canton,
Missouri. Susanna writes: "We found everything better than what we had left
Even the "common" schools were excellent". From the common school,
Susanna was sent to a private school for her last five years of classical
education. Graduates from this school, in addition to all other prescribed
subjects, must be able to memorize and recite all the kings and queens of
England from Ethelred to Queen Victoria; all the 24 Empires before the
Christian era; all the states of the Union and who settled them; all the
planets and their satellites and many of the asteroids.
By this time the restless spirit of the Captain had occasioned another move
for the family, this time to Lancaster, Missouri. Another family from
Virginia was already there -- the Custer family. They had three daughters
and one "shy, bashful" son who was greatly attracted to Miss Susanna but her
father had laid down the law that any man she wished to marry must be a
Virginian, a Whig and a Methodist. The Custer family scored on the first
qualification but alas! and alak! they were Democrats and Presbyterians!
But love finds a way. The unacceptable was changed to the acceptable and
wedding bells rang, not only for James B. Custer and Susanna Millan, but for
two other young people in these families. Susanna's father, the Captain was
not yet ready to live in a "free" state, so the family remained in Missouri
but the three young couples, Mr. and Mrs. James B. Custer with their two
brothers-in-law and their wives came to what would later become Liberty
Township, Lucas County, Iowa in the year 1848. There were neither towns nor
roads. They followed the Mormon Trail to Chariton Point, then leaving it,
they traveled by compass and some knowledge of surveying, following the
divide between the Missouri and the Mississippi Rivers, as did all the early
explorers and settlers. The blue stem prairie grass was so tall that a man
on horseback could not be seen.
Shannon Point was where Oakley now is. Mr. Custer bought 600 acres of land.
In time they built a 12 foot square cabin with one door but no windows.
Indians were all about. One day while James was out where the men were
breaking prairie with six yoke of oxen, several Indians came to the cabin.
Susanna saw them coming, put a ladder against the house, climbed to the roof
with her baby in her arms and pulled the ladder up after her. The Indians
went inside but her husband had seen them and came galloping in. He ordered
them to stay away, saying his "squaw" was afraid of them. One of them
answered, "Your squaw no good squaw."
Two years went by when Susanna never saw a white woman. The two
brothers-in-law had bought land also but too far apart to admit of
fellowship. Susanna writes: "One day James had to go out to hunt the mules
when he returned he found me crying. He said: 'Oh, Susanna, don't cry. You
don't know what good news I have for you! I saw some men up on the prairie
who are going to lay out a town and then you can go to church.' The town was
In due time the township was organized and Mr. James B. Custer at age 23,
was chosen Justice of the Peace. There was no courthouse so his cases were
tried in their log cabin. Susanna writes that while the first case was in
progress. she was down at the barn dressing a chicken for the gentlemen's
dinner, "which they seemed to relish so much". Later, Mr. Custer was
elected County Treasurer and continued to be re-elected for ten years.
Their daughter, Caroline, married Howard Darlington Copeland and the son of
this union was the late Howard C. Copeland, postmaster of Chariton for many
years. Susanna's youngest sister, Pocohontas Millan, married Major Gardner
Hooper and they became the parents of the late Harry H. Hooper, Thomas M.
Hooper and Stanton Hooper and of Mr. L. Kent Hooper who still resides in
Chariton was growing. There was great joy in the spring of 1853 when the
Land Office was located here. No longer was it necessary to "send to
Knoxville for mail and for Dr. Huff." Dr. Charles Fitch located here. He
later married and became the father of five children one of whom was Miss
Laura Fitch who became Lucas County School Superintendent and later a
teacher in the Chariton Schools for many years.
There was a new log courthouse. "Preaching" was held there on Sunday
mornings whenever an itinerant preacher came through. On one occasion, two
or three men who were out making hay, came in, set their scythes at the door
and attended the meeting. At the close of the service an announcement was
made that there would be a dance in the courthouse that night and everyone
was invited. Eventually there was Chariton's first hotel -- a double log
house on the southeast corner of the square. Henry Allen was proprietor.
Dances and prayer meetings were held there alternately.
Susanna writes: "There were many doctors and too many lawyers. We have the
honorable T.M. Stuart" (great-grandfather of Justice William C. Stuart) "and
we need no other. We are saving him for President and I'm going to live
longer to go to Washington City to hear him deliver his inaugural address.
It will be the proudest day of my life."
+ + +
A much later entry in this remarkable journal is this: "Chariton is now
quite a city with two important railroads, the C.B. &Q. and the Rock Island
and a fine prospect for a third -- the Northwestern. Won't we grow! We now
have four fine school buildings -- not made of logs -- a fine courthouse and
six or seven fine churches. I am the oldest grandmother here -- there may
be two or three persons older but they did not come before the town was laid
out. When I look back and contrast that with the style we put on now -- our
churches, sidewalks, paved streets, I really don't know whether this is me
or not, but I hope it is!"
Time eventually brought this entry: "I am nearing my 86th milestone. I am
not as active as I was when we came over that road 65 years ago, but I feel
that I am the mother of Lucas county that we tried so hard to find."
Oh our Pioneers! Are there any words to express the debt we owe them?
Their relatives back east were ashamed of them and taunted them with "Only
trash go to that jumping-off place! It is outside the pale of civilization.
How wrong, how very wrong they were! Today, as we spin along the concrete
ribbons and gaze at the incomparable beauty of the broad fields, the
comfortable homes and the mechanized farming industry, let us sometimes turn
our minds to visualize the hostile prairie, the sullen forests, the
overwhelming prairie grass, the lurking death and the unspeakable loneliness
. "Lest we forget, lest we forget".
To Be Continued . . .Chapter XI; Learning is Wealth.
Copied by Nancee(McMurtrey)Seifert
July 30, 2006
Greetings Kathy [& Listers]
I wonder if the Thomas A. Lockridge, who d. Jan 17, 1880 at age 20y 29d
is actually the first husband of Mattie Cook, prior to her 1882 m. to
W. F. Goltry ?? W. F. m. in 1909 to next wf.
Mary Beth in Wisconsin
Back in April Mary Beth posted a family tree for the Goltry family. In it
she listed William F. Goltry b. abt. 1864 married to Mattie Cook and
remarried to Maud I. Adams. Does any one know how or when Mattie and William
separated. Mattie Cook is the sister of my Great Great Grandfather.
I know Mattie was married before she married William Goltry as I have a copy
of her first and second marriage records, thanks to Cliff Beall, a Cook
cousin. The first to Thomas Lockridge age 20 to Mattie Cook age 18 on Oct. 2
1879 in Lucas County, Iowa. The second to W. F. Goltry age 19 to Mattie
Lockridge age 19 on October 31, 1882 in Wayne County, Iowa. (Notice the ages
of Mattie.) :) She was born a twin to Fred Elsworth Cook on March 1, 1864 in
Fairfield, Jefferson County, Iowa to Henry Lyman Cook and Susan A. Lindley
Cook. I know the Cook Family was in Jefferson County in 1860, 1870 and 1880
by the census. I know the family moved to wayne County and then to Lucas
County. My records show that Mattie and William Goltry had 2 children, Fern
Estella Goltry and Bert Goltry. I am still working on this family line. Any
help would be gratefully accepted.
Family names I an researching are Parsons, Cook, Evans, Werts, Teater, Law,
Wilson, Green, McGhee, Dever and Ball and all the connecting lines.
Greetings Dick [ & Listers]
Found one John Summers, age 7 [b. abt 1863, IA] in the 1870
Census for Cedar Twp., Lucas Co., IA. He was son of farmer, James,
50 , b. IN and Mary, 46, b. TN. and sibling to 8 others -- assuming
this is the correct family.
It appears from the
photograph he was abt 18 or so which would be 1863 + 18 = abt 1881.
Perhaps a HS graduation
photo? Just guessing. I am not that familiar with clothing styles of
the era, perhaps another Lister
would check that out. Also, one might know when the Best & Co.
was in business at the square in Chariton, IA?
In looking at various census 1850-1920 and The History of Lucas CO.,
1978 edition, Lucas Co. Marriage book, Lucas Co. Cemetery book,
etc., It appears there were a few Summers that were in Lucas Co,
from 1851 until in 1870, James & Mary were the only ones left.
James, "Sr." was b. Indiana while his wf was b. Tenn. In 1900,
James, "Jr." [Marion James/ James Marion?, b. 1861] appears as Head
of family with his parents, sister Lucy & brother George living with
him Their neighbor, a few houses away, was "John L. Summers", b.
1863 IA whose parents were b. IN, TN. So, John L. must be John
Summers as in the 1870 census.
An outline of this family:
Descendants of James Summers
23 James Summers b: Abt. 1820 in Indiana
... +Mary Ann/Margaret _____ b: Abt. 1824 in Tennessee
m: Abt. 1844 in
.. 24 William Summers b: Abt. 1846 in Indiana
.. 24 Elizabeth M./A. Summers b: Abt. 1848 in Indiana
........ +Washington Grimes b: Abt. 1845
m: Oct 04, 1868 in Lucas Co., IA
.. 24 George A. Summers b: Abt. 1851 in Indiana
........ +Kate McVeigh/McVey b: Abt. 1854 in Ohio
m: Dec 12, 1871 in
Lucas Co., IA
.. 24 Lucy Ann Summers b: Abt. Feb 1853 in Indiana
.. 24 Corilda/Surrilda M. Summers b: Abt. 1856 in Iowa
.. 24 Harriet R. Summers b: Abt. 1858 in Iowa
.. 24 James/Marion Summers b: Abt. 1861 in Iowa
.. 24 John L. Summers b: Abt. 1863 in Iowa
.. 24 Mary Etta Summers b: Abt. 1865 in Iowa
.. 24 Charles Summers b: Aug 1868 in Iowa
A couple of other Summers, possible family, were in the region at the
same time, and then moved onward.
One, Elijah Summers, b. 1832 married Mary E. Robinson, dau. of Bennet and
Rachel from SC & TN.
Descendants of Bennet Robinson
23 Bennet Robinson b: Abt. 1800 in SC
... +Rachel _____ b: Abt. 1809 in TN
m: Bef. 1832 in poss. Illinois
.. 24 Priscilla Robinson b: Abt. 1832 in Illinois
.. 24 Mary E. Robinson b: Abt. 1833 in Illinois
........ +Elijah Summers b: Abt. 1832 in VA
m: Aug 08, 1851 in Lucas
....... 25 Martin B. Summers b: Abt. 1853 in Iowa
....... 25 Andrew A. Summers b: Abt. 1855 in Iowa
d: Bef. 1860
....... 25 James Y. I. Summers b: Abt. 1858 in Iowa
....... 25 William H. Summers b: Abt. 1860 in Iowa
.. 24 Aaron Robinson b: Abt. 1837 in Illinois
........ +Margaret Mundell m: Jan
.. 24 Lavaria Robinson b: Abt. 1840 in Illinois
........ +John F. Woods m: Jun 10,
1856 in Lucas Co., IA
.. 24 Nathaniel Robinson b: Abt. 1841 in MO
........ +Lucinda Cackler b: Abt. 1854 in VA
m: Dec 27, 1874 in Lucas
.. 24 John M. Robinson b: Abt. 1843 in MO
.. 24 Richard M. Robinson b: Abt. 1846 in MO
........ +Catherine Devore b: Abt. 1850
m: Sep 04, 1869 in Lucas Co., IA
.. 24 William K. Robinson b: Abt. 1848 in MO
Another was Andrew Summers, b. 1834 who m. Mary Ann Tilford, b. 1837.
Her parents were
Grandpa was William Tilford who first m. Lucinda Gilham, then Mrs. Brown
who's dau. Belinda
m. Wm's son, Robt.
Descendants of Robert Preston Tilford
23 Robert Preston Tilford b: Dec 14, 1814 in
Illinois d: Feb 1894 in
Bur. Goshen Cem., Lucas Co., IA
... +Belinda Brown b: Apr 24, 1821 d: Mar
1894 in Bur. Goshen Cem., Lucas
Co., IA m: Oct 02, 1836
.. 24 Mary E./Margaretta/Marietta Tilford b: Abt.
1837 in Iowa
........ +Andrew Summers b: Abt. 1834 in VA or Vermont
....... 25 Robert Summers b: Abt. 1858 in Iowa
.. 24 Eliza E. Tilford b: Abt. 1840 in Iowa
........ +James R. Mundell b: Abt. 1834 in Indiana
....... 25 Sarah B. Mundell b: Abt. 1858
....... 25 Celestia I. Mundell b: Abt. 1860
.. 24 Temolioun White Tilford d: in @39y
........ +Minerva Caroline/D. Daivd b: in MO?
m: Jan 21, 1866
....... 25 Llucy L. "Bess" Tilford
....... 25 James Wm. Preston Tilford
....... 25 Lewis Everett Tilford
....... 25 Eva Ethel Tilford
.. 24 Caroline J. Tilford
........ +Isaac Salsbery
.. 24 Lucy Tilford
........ +Hezekiah McManus
.. 24 Celestia Ann Tilford
........ +Newton Kimberlng
.. 24 Loretta [Innocent Loretta] Tilford d:
in @ 24y
.. 24 Amanda Tilford
........ +Frank Manbeck
.. 24 Sara Olive Tilford
........ +William Bowen
.. 24 Martha America Tilford
........ +Charles Tyce
.. 24 Belinda Isabel Tilford
........ +Albert Mapes
.. *2nd Husband of Belinda Isabel Tilford:
........ +Ed Lovell
CAUTION: check out the dates and lineages yourself to assure they are in
Hope the info at least helps to place John L. Summers who lived for a
Cedar Twp., Lucas Co., IA.
Mary Beth in Wisconsin
Based upon ...
> Again, a cabinet card photo of JOHN SUMMERS, taken in Chariton, has
> appeared on ebay. He is not in the Lucas Cemetery Book.
> > http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=320010626296&ssPageNam...
> > Dick Kinkead
> Lantana, FL
I thank you and I am sure others on this list do also for Looking up the
add'y for the National Geographic DNA project. Too much going on lately to
"play", dang it.
For sure I am going to do it -- got three brothers and an 89 yr. old Dad
that I can convince this is a good idea. Of course they will if I pay for
it (<grin>). Sandy
----- Original Message -----
To: "Sandy Childs" <jschilds(a)pacbell.net>
Sent: Monday, July 10, 2006 6:38 PM
Subject: Re: [IALUCAS] compare prices - National Geographic website
> Hi Sandy,
> Thank you for your heads up regarding the National
> Geographic DNA project.
> At any rate,
> did a Google search to find the url for it. I see it is funded/sponsored
> by IBM. Here is the url for those interested in more information about
> then, https://www3.nationalgeographic.com/genographic/journey.html
> At this site, hate to say, I couldn't find it for $30 ... it was $99.
> Let us know which url you are visiting.
> Here is what it says:
> "Order a Kit
> The Participation Kit costs U.S. $99.95 (plus shipping and handling and
> tax if applicable). The kit includes:
> 1. DVD with a Genographic Project overview hosted by Dr. Spencer
> Wells, visual instructions on how to collect a DNA sample using a cheek
> scraper, and a bonus feature program: the National Geographic
> Channel/PBS production The Journey of Man.
> 2. Exclusive National Geographic map illustrating human migratory
> history and created especially for the launch of the Genographic
> 3. Buccal swab kit, instructions, and a self-addressed envelope in
> which to return your cheek swab sample. (You can download a pdf of
> instructions or the consent form. You will need Acrobat Reader.)
> 4. Detailed brochure about the Genographic Project, featuring
> stunning National Geographic photography
> 5. Confidential Genographic Project ID # (GPID) to anonymously
> access your results at this Web site
> The purchase price also includes the cost of the testing and analysis-an
> expensive process-that will take place once your sample is sent in. "
> Happended on another site and they wanted $119 - 199
> to do some DNA research. Gee whiz! Price varies.
> So it might pay to shop around and find a site that has the
> potential of the most comprehensive, best quality data.
> Not sure who/where that is, but ... be alert.
From: Richard A. Pence
Date: 07/09/06 05:29:05
Subject: [NEBRRoots] Looking for a Home for a PENCE Family Bible
I trust this is a proper place for this message (I subscribed to the
Colfax County, Nebraska, Mailing List and began receiving messages from
this list, so I presume the two are connected).
I have come into possession of an elaborate - even "elegant" - family
Bible for a PENCE family that lived in Colfax County in the late 1800s
and early 1900s and I would like to give it to a descendant or relative
if one can be located.
The family moved from Schuyler to Lincoln beofe the 1910 census.
The last entry in the Bible was for a Clara E. Pence who died in 1934 in
Canton, Stark County, Ohio, not previously known to be connected with
the family. However, in 1930 the owner of the Bible shows up in Canton
with a second wife, Clara E. This may help explain why the Bible showed
up at a flea market in western Pennsylvania, where it was purchased by
someone who wanted to try and find a "home" for it. Since I am "the
Pencefamily guy," it worked its way through another person to me.
Joseph Michael Pence was born in Shenandoah County, Virginia, in 1869
and moved to Colfax County about 1890, presumably to join an older
brother, Jacob Arthur Pence, who owned and operated first a mill and
then a hardware store in Schuyler before moving on to Aurora in Hamilton
County, Nebraska, about 1920, where he also had a hardware store.
Several other members of this Virginia family show up in various
Nebraska records, including two other brothers of Joseph and Jacob -
William Ashby (used his middle name sometimes) and William Luther Pence
(he also used his middle name).
Below my signaure you can find a family group sheet for Joseph Michael
Pence. Note that he married in Omaha and had 6 children while living in
The last evidence that any of this family was in Colfax County is that
one of the ddaughters married Charles Henry Wolfe and they were living
in Colfax County in 1920 and her younger brother Robert, then 14 was a
helper on the farm; he late died in Schuyler in 1923. Besides Hazel
Pence, the wife of Charles Wolfe, and Robert, no other member of the
family has so far been found in the 1920 census. The Wolfe family was
not found in the census index in Nebraska for 1930.
I would be happy to ship this large Bible to any family member or
relation. If it looks like this is an impossibility, perhaps someone can
suggest a proper hisitorical or genealogical society where it will be
I am open to any help or suggestions.
Richard A. Pence
3211 Adams Ct, Fairfax, VA 22030-1900
Voice 703-591-4243 Fax: 703-352-3560
Pence Family History <www.pipeline.com/~richardpence/>
JOSEPH MICHAEL PENCE was born - May 1869 at Hawkinstown, Shenandoah
County, Virginia (his family Bible says he was born 14 May 1872, but he
was age 11 in 1880 census of Ashby District, Shenandoah County and the
1900 census gives the above date); married (1) Frances Maude (Fanny)
Smith 15 Dec 1892 in Omaha, Douglas County, Nebraska (she was born 11
Oct 1874 at Table Grove, Fulton County, Illinois, died 25 Apr 1911 in
Deadwood, Lawrence County, South Dakota), (2) Clara E. _____ (she was
born in 1867 in Ohio, died 5 Dec 1934 in Canton, Stark County, Ohio);
they were in Schuyler in 1900 and in Lincoln, Lancaster County,
Nebraska, in 1910'; not found in 1920, but in 1930 he and his second
wife were in Canton. Children:
i. MAUDE MILLICENT PENCE was born 29 Nov 1893 in Schuyler, Colfax
County, Nebraska; died 25 Sep 1911.
ii. CLARENCE LESLEY PENCE was born 3 Feb 1896 in Schuyler, Colfax
III. HAZEL GERTRUDE PENCE was born 25 Sep 1897 in Schuyler, Colfax
County, Nebraska; she marreid Charles Henry Wolfe; her brother Robert
was living with them in the 1920 cenus o Colfax County.
iv. MARIE PENCE was born 9 Aug 1902 in Schuyler, Colfax County,
v. ROBERT A. PENCE was born 5 Jul 1905 in Lincoln, Lancaster County,
Nebraska; died 10 Jul 1923 in Schuyler, Colfax County, Nebraska.
vi. VIRGINIA PENCE was born 3 Feb 1907 in Lincoln, Lancaster County,
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One of my friends went to the National Geographic website and found that she could get the general migration pattern of her family by participating in their study. For $30, they send you a kit for you to provide your "mouth swab" to them and then they put it into a general DNA computer program. From there it traces your ancestors all the way back through American to European and (I am hearing from her) to the very first people your genes came from.
She was pleased to see that both her husband and her families came from different areas of the world, but came together in the same eastern state (and area) where they met and married. (She now lives in Calif.). She tells me this was all from the swab and, as I believe, not from any other info she gave them as to her ancestors.
I haven't yet sent mine, but intend to today.
Sandy Childs in Calif.