Continued, Part 2:
The Marengo Republican,
Marengo, Iowa Co., Iowa.
October 14, 1914.
From "History of the 28th Iowa Volunteer Regiment" [a part of the history,
and written by John T. Simmons, Chaplain of the 28th Iowa Infantry]:
Transfer to the Potomac--Ocean Voyage--The Regiment
in Washington--Joins Sheridan--Shenandoah Valley--Battle
At a meeting of the officers of the regiment, held at Harrisonburg, October
5, 1864, Capt. [Merritt W.] Atwood, Major [John] Meyer, and Capt. G. [George]
Phillips, were appointed a committee on resolutions, and reported the
following, which were unanimously adopted:
Whereas it has been the will of the Allwise Creator and disposer of all
things, that in the severely contested battle of Winchester, Va., on the 19th day
of September, Capt. John E. Palmer, of Company A, and Capt. Scott Houseworth,
of company E, Sergt. Joseph White, of company A, Corp. John F. W. Andreas, of
company K, Corp. Thos. Collingwood of company G, Private Wm. B. Headley, of
company B, A. T. Beals, of company K, and Privates A. [Hiram] L. Hartwell, S.
[George] W. Smith, A. Macey, and Wm. O. Jones, of company G, should be killed,
therefore by us, the commissioned officers of the regiment, there is hereby made
1st. That we recognise in the departed officers that they were always prompt
to have their respective commands ready for action, to proceed where duty
called them. In the hour of danger they were cool and collected, and that on the
hotly contested field of battle they were among the foremost, by precept and
example, to encourage and urge their men forward to victory.
2nd. That in them the country has lost two of the most earnest patriots.
Being modest and retiring in deportment, they never claimed any glory for self.
Yet we, their companions in arms, mingling with them through all the
vicissitudes of the life struggle for our nationality, know full well that our words
cannot express the love they bore to their native land; but they have inscribed
it upon the tablets of time, as with a pen of iron dipped in their own blood;
that they were not only willing to die, but sacrificed their lives for their
country's united perpetuity.
3rd. That in the enlisted men we recognize the same devotion to their
country; that they have attested, with their lives, on that fatal day; that they
were with us, not because they did not love their friends or kindred at home, but
because they loved the Union as a legacy to their families more, and they
have stood by us, shoulder to shoulder, through all our bloody struggles; and
while we note that officers direct the movement of companies and armies, it is to
the heroic value of enlisted men directing the deadly effect of the unerring
rifle, that we and the country are indebted for all our glorious victories.
4th. That, socially, we miss both officers and men. We deeply lament their
absence. As their companions we deplore their departure. And to us, in our
finite conception in the conflict yet to be waged with traitors, to sustain the
great old flag, the emblem of the Union that was, and that by the blessing of
God is to be, through all the coming time, their loss is irreparable.
5th. That, from experience, well knowing their private virtues and nobility
of soul, their friends and relatives hereby know that we condole with them, as
it has also even in our hearts created a void that earth can never fill.
B. [Bartholomew] W. Wilson, Lt. Col., Chairman.
J. G. [Joseph Gardner] Strong, Adjt., Secretary.
Burial parties were detailed, and our dead were collected and hurriedly
buried on the field, and their graves marked. Noble men, cherished comrades, gone,
but not forgotten. Despite the harsh brutality of war, our hearts linger
with stifled emotions around your humble graves.
"There is a tear for all that die,
A mourner, o'er the humblest grave,
But the nation swells the funeral cry,
While triumph weeps above the brave.
"And gallant comrade thus enshrined,
Thy life, thy fall, thy fame shall be.
And early valor glowing find,
A medal in thy memory.
"But there are hearts that bled with thee
In love, that glory cannot quell,
And shuddering, hear of victory,
Where one so dear, so dauntless, fell."
In addition to those named in the reports, 1st Lieuts. J. C. Summers, of
company D, and C. Hanerly [Chas. Haverly], of company B, were severely wounded,
with 67 non-commissioned officers and men. From the list of casualties it will
be seen that about one-fourth of the number in action were killed, wounded and
taken prisoners. The wounded were gathered at Red Bud Mills, at the
residence of Chas. Wood, and had every attention that surgical skill could render
them. It is but due to say that Surgeon J. W. H. Vest and Assistants W. A.
Daniels and J. M. Cowen, did all that men could do. The night was cold. Shivering
and blanketless, these suffering and dying men lay up on the ground until the
morning let in the rays of a pure bright sun. But many were chilled with
colder elements. Death had been here! Amputations were made, wounds dressed, and
then they were removed to Winchester, where ample accommodation, so far as
shelter was concerned, was found. But the limited supplies of the Medical
Department, and the Sanitary Commission, were at once exhausted, and why it was
that our wounded lay for five days in their soiled clothing, so near to the base
of supplies, can be answered in the startling rapidity with which Gen.
Sheridan was following up the retreating foe. After this time the supplies were
abundant. The Sanitary and Christian Commissions came nobly and liberally to the
relief, and many a suffering heart was made glad by their generous assistance.
Merritt W. Atwood, born in CT, was 32 and living in Newton when he was
appointed 1st Lt. Aug. 4, 1862. He mustered out in Savannah, GA, July 30, 1865.
John Meyer, a PA native, also was living in Newton when he was appointed
Capt. on July 14, 1865, was 38. He mustered out in late July 1865, at Savannah, a
Daniel Phillips, 21 when he enlisted Aug. 15, 1862, was living in Iowa
John Palmer, of Vinton, enlisted at 41 in Co. A., July 26, 1862. Killed in
action, Sept. 19, 1864, at Winchester. He was from OH.
Capt. Scott Houseworth, of Iowa City, was 35 when he enlisted in Aug. 1862.
A PA native, he was wounded Sept. 19, 1864, at Winchester, and died Sept. 23.
He's buried in the National Cemetery at Winchester.
Joseph White, a NY native, was 27 and living in Vinton when he enlisted Aug.
5, 1862. He was killed in action Sept. 19, 1864, at Winchester.
John F. W. Andreas, from Germany, was 21 and living in Newton when he
enlisted Aug. 7, 1862. He had been slightly wounded at Champion's Hill, MS, on May
16, 1863; he was killed in action Sept. 19, 1864, at Winchester, VA.
Thomas Collingwood, a NY native, was living in Iowa County when he enlisted
Aug. 14, 1862. He was 23. He was killed in action Sept. 19, 1864, at
Wm. B. [D.] Headley, born in Iowa, was 21 and living in Koszta, Iowa County,
when he enlisted Aug. 18, 1862. He was killed in action at Winchester, Sept.
A. [Anderson] T. Beals, a TN native, was 24 and living in Newton when he
enlisted Aug. 13, 1862. He was killed in action, Sept. 19, 1864, at Winchester.
Hiram L. Hartwell, was 18 when he enlisted Aug. 19, 1862. Born in OH, he was
living in Homestead (one of the Amana Colonies in Iowa County). He was kill
ed in action Sept. 19, 1864, at Winchester.
George W. Smith, born in IN, was living in Benton Co. when he enlisted Jan.
26, 1864, at 19. He was killed in action at Winchester, VA, on Sept. 19, 1864.
Alfred Macey, an OH native, was 21 and living in Iowa Co. when he enlisted
Dec. 10, 1863. He was killed in action Sept. 19, 1864, at Winchester.
William O. Jones, born in Wales, was 26 and living in Iowa Co. when he
enlisted Aug. 14, 1862. He was killed in action Sept. 19, 1864, at Winchester.
Bartholomew W. Wilson was a resident of Tama Co. when he was appointed Capt.
on July 24, 1862. He was 35. He was wounded severely Oct. 19, 1864, at Cedar
Jos. Gardner Strong, a NY native, was 22 when he enlisted Aug. 16, 1862. He
was residing in Iowa City.
John C. Summers, a NJ native living in Vinton, was 29 when he enlisted Aug.
4, 1862. He was severely wounded at Winchester, VA, Sept. 19, 1864.
Charles E. Haverly, born in NY, was 21 and living in Koszta when he enlisted
July 30, 1862. He was wounded severely at Winchester on Sept. 19, 1864.
John W. H. Vest, born in VA, was appointed Surgeon Sept. 19, 1862. He was 40
and living in Montezuma, Poweshiek Co., at the time. He resigned Dec. 3,
Wesley A. Daniels was promoted to Surgeon Dec. 21, 1864. Born in OH, he was
39 and living in Buckingham when he mustered Sept. 15, 1864.
I found no J. W. Cowen in the 28th Iowa Infantry roster. A John W. Cowen is
listed with Co. C, 18th Iowa Infantry, but he doesn't appear to be the man
referred to above. Sue]
Source: Roster source: "Roster and Records of Iowa Troops in the Rebellion,
Vols. 1-6." Civil War and Iowa: Greyhounds and Hawkeyes. CD-ROM. Creston, IA:
O. J. Fargo, 2000.
Sue Trout Reisdorph