I have an interesting observation about hunger and rebellion.
In 1816-1817 there was a terrible famine in many parts of Europe.
In Bohemia the last of the surpluses were gone just as the Napoleonic wars
ended and Austria released over 200,000 soldiers.
There was also an economic depression at the same time caused by the
end of the British continental blockade. Imports from all over the world
arrived, drove down prices all over Europe, and cut into emplyment
These factors worsened between 1816 and 1817 while the Austrian government
struggled with finding the means to get imports of grain to feed the masses
from Russia where there had been several good harvests.
The price of wheat went up so high that some farmers risked mortgaging their
homes to buy more land and reap the profits from grain.
About that same time, grain from Russia arrived, drove down the price of
wheat and some of those families were ruined.
The hunger and economic conditions climaxed in a mini-rebellion and some
violence against jews in some cities. Order was quickly restores.
In 1830 there was another dearth although not so severe as the one that
started in 1816. More people than usual were hungry, there was a short
uprising and war in Italy and the rebellion characterized in the musical drama "Les
Miserables:" started in France where it was led by university students.
Students in Bohemian universities ( in particular at Prague) tried to
organize to do the same in Bohemia but their movement failed after a few
Then, in 1846 a terrible hot dry summer withered the grain on the ear as it
was supposed to be ripening. What grain there was to harvest sold at very
high prices which the farmers thought would help carry them over a winter
without grain in their stores. Besides, they used potatoes as their primary
food, not grain. Then they discovered their potato crop was half rotten in
the field -- it had the same fungus that caused the Irish potato famine and
they would spend all of their profits from grain and more, trying to buy bread
for their families.. The same poor grain harvest and inedible potato
harvest followed in 1847 causing widespread hunger in Bohemia. There were grain
and bread riots in some towns (Mies was one of them) and again the Jews were
attacked because they "were to blame" for the high price of grain.
The rebellion of 1848 followed and that one succeeded although the "war"
between the rebels and the army in Prague did not last very long and ended with
a defeat for the rebels.
So we have three incidents of serious hunger accompanied by some serios
economic problems that were followed by rebellions. The first was small and