In a message dated 11/29/2006 9:49:01 P.M. Mountain Standard Time,
I also was interested in the Napoleon battle at Leipzig. I didn't realize
that this was so close to the area of our family.
If you want to know where the battlfield was just search the internet with
" Battle of Leipzig". One site is:
If you had ancestors who served in an army during that time
you would have to check with the correct archive for a record of
I know my Link family from Eichenbühl, Bavaria came to avoid 7 boys arriving
at the age to be drafted into the Prussian army.
Franz Rösler came in 1856
Bavaria was a kingdom in 1856. It was not "Prussian".
There was no Prussian Reich which included German kingdoms like Bavaria and
Saxony until after 1870.
They had to leave everything just to pay
their way for the family to travel to Wisconsin. The parents were nearing
their 40's and all the family was in Germany except for one brother who had
emigrated 20 years earlier. In the Roesler family, Agnes Werner Rösler was
either pregnant or just had a baby so her husband Franz Rösler came in 1856
and she followed the next year with 5 children from the age of 9 and under
to about 1 year.
A father with a child aged nine who was not yet 40 must not have
had to do military service in Bavaria. It is possible that he was
well-educated and was able to serve as a one-year volunteer when he was only 17. Or
he may have been exempt from the draft because he was married or enjoyed some
I don't understand why someone would be worried about the potential for
military service for a child of 9 during a period of prolonged peace (except for
the 1848 rebellion) Most of the "escape the draft" migrations occurred
closer to the time a person would be drafted. I suspect there was other
for emigrating to the US in 1858. I don't know what the economic or
political situation was in Bavaria or Bohemia at that time. You might look for a
timeline of Bavaria on the Internet and see if you find anything significant.
I believe Ludwig II (somewhat flaky) was King of Bavaria then. Maybe his
spending on castles and his association with Richard Wagner was a reason?
I don't know anything about Royal Bavarian army recruiting but would expect
it to be similar to the Austrian which was, in turn, based on the most-used
methods of other German states. Bavaria's recruiting rules could have been
similar to the rules given below.
In Austrian lands: During the Napoleonic wars and for some years following
Waterloo, men were drafted at age 17 and had to serve for up to 17 years or
the duration of a war, whichever was longest. Few actually saw service for
8 years and many served on active duty for a much shorter period.
By 1858 in Austria the draft age was 20 and active service was 8 years.
>...Wolfersdorf during the mid 1800's it would be very valuable
information. I know many villages had Heimat books but do not know about this
There is a book by Rudolf Hemerle: Heimat im Buch
You can get a copy via interlibrary loan and look for Wolfersdorf in the
If that place is mentioned in any Heimatbuch the index will take you to the
pages that list all of them.
You can also check if there is a Heimatverein for the district that includes
Wolfersdorf. Many of these societies have websites at which they list
heir publications. If there is a book about Wolfersdorf or that includes
Wolfersdorf that is still in print you could order one there.
There would also be a link to a contact who may be able to scan and Email
pages from a book for you.
Another possibility is the Heimat library in Stuttgart.
Write a librarian and ask if they have a book about Wolfersdorf or with
pages about the place. If they reply positive, ask for copies of the pages you
want per their description of what they have. They may be able to Email
digital copies or they may have to photocopy and snail mail the pages. Ask how
to pay for copies and postage if that is the case. You can write in
They can also tell you whether there is a Heimat museum for you to contact
where you may be able to buy a copy of a book that has pages about
There are other Heimat libraries besides the ones associated with a Heimat
society and at Stuttgart. One is at Nurnberg: Haus der Heimat and
another is at Munich in the Sudetenarchiv or Sudetenhaus there.
Both places have websites with contacts to ask about whether there is a book
with pages about Wolfersdorf and how to get copies of those pages or a copy
of the book.
Search with: Bibliothek im Haus der Heimat to find the Nurnberg library.
If you are intimidated by a German page:
Go to the website.
Copy the URL
Go to Google
Past the URL
In the listing that comes up you will have a blue link option [translate
Click on that link
The page should come up in English
Explore the site to see what they have (Nurnberg archive has a lot of data
from the old Bavarian Pfalz if that is where your ancestral home was located.)
It would be a good idea to have a German-English dictionary handy to figure
out the various categories of listings that they have in the library.
Email link for contact is at the top of the home page just under the drawing
of a building.
We were giving a gift by relatives in Eichenbühl
(Bachmann family) when we visited in 2002 and a great friend over the
internet from Belgium has been translating Eichenbühl ist meine Heimat a few
pages at a time.
Heimat books are wonderful resources for pictures of life back when our
ancestors were living as well as for hard data about the people in each place