Hi Sylvie. You raised an issue that I am familiar with.
I looked up the stats in an old pre-war German Atlas.
and it says that in 1910 the daily language utilized in the Bohemian
and Moravian part of Austria was 59 % czech,27 % german,and the
remainder ruthenian and hungarian.
Whereas in 1921, three years after the Czech Republic was created
the percentages shifted in favour of the czechs.65 % spoke czech and 23 % german.
Of course these numbers may be misleading because in the german
villages in the "Grenzgebiete" the border areas in Bohemia
and Moravia as well as the Sprachinseln of Wischau and Iglau
the german population and the language remained 95 +% german.
I know this because I was born and raised in Moravia and in our
towns the village population and the Municipal affairs were entirely
german. I can say the same about the Sprachinsel Wischau with
it's several villages, as I had visited often as a youngster. In these
Sprachinseln (linguistic islands) the germans were a tightly knit group.
The "Heimatbucher" proclaim that after the creation of the CZ Republic
there came a forced expansion of the czechs into the german territories.
Czechs were placed into high positions in the Municipal offices of the german
towns which had already taken on some czech settlers. New czech schools were
build, and a constant struggle ensued between the two ethnic groups that
had it's earliest beginnings in antiquity..
In 1918 the german part, euphemistically called the Sudetenland, wanted to
stay with Austria. The books say that a political party was established to
send elected representatives to the Austrian parliament in Vienna.
When this was found out by the czechs a shootout ensued with many
casualties on both sides.The movement foundered,and anyone cought
preaching annexation to Austria was promptly jailed.
When Hitler " invaded " the CZ Republic we the germans were told that he
wanted to bring us "Heim ins Reich" back into the German Reich.
I vividly recall the entry of the German Army into our town, everyone
was there with flowers and cookies.The Einmarsch was a triumphant event
for us and would you believe sanctioned by the Britisch and the
French at the Munich Conference with Mr.Chamberlin in attendance.
And yet, not one of our family was a member of the Nazi Party.
Czechoslovakia was a three nation state, the germans, the czechs and the slovaks.
this in my opinion was a very unstable political system and I think that history
bears this out, the germans were expelled in 1946, and the slovaks detached
themselves from the CZ Republic three years ago.
History books will tell you the rest of the story.
==== GERMAN-BOHEMIAN Mailing List ====
Forgotten how to UNSUBSCRIBE?