After 1648 - the end of the 30 years war -- a lot of Bohemia was devastated
and much of the farmland was abandonned. In order to get the land back in
production and to establish a population that would be friendly to the German
Kaiser, Germans were invited into Bohemia to take over abandonned farms or to
establish new ones. At first a lot of them had "free holder's" status
they were not enserfed to a noble lord and did not have to pay the rents and
provide labor that serfs did. The DID pay taxes, though.
But as time went by, if a noble estate happened to change owners the new owner
would choose to ignore the "free" status of those farmers and forced them into
serfdom. Sometimes a whole village was considered "free" but the people
living there still had certain duties to a nearby noble lord or monastery and
those duties gradually led to loss of free status. One of my ancestral
villages, Beneschau bei Mies, was "free" while still being a part of the lands
administered by the monastery at Kladrau. After the Monastery was
expropriated by Joseph II and it became the property of Prince Windischgraetz,
that "free" status was not always respected.
You may find the original settlers from Bavaria who are your ancestors on the
Tax Rolls of 1654 which are the first Bohemia-wide effort by the Kaiser to
find out the economic status of his lands and to see who was able to pay
In 1848 all farmers were given the opportunity to take title to their land as
regular citizens and were no longer enserfed. But most of them had to pay
"compensation" to the noble lord who used to "own" the land and the
some farmers took to pay that compensation eventually caused them to lose
their ancestral farms.
There was a German "sprach-insel" (isolated pocket of German speaking
populatiion) in a part of Bohemia called "Kuhland" but I can't tell you
exactly where it is -- not relevant to my own research so I have not checked
it out. It may be the "Kuenishe" land mentioned.
Find where Kuhland was and get the general geograpical coordinates for that
part of Bohemia. Then find your village name in a Gazetteer of Bohemia
(pre-1938) and see how many possibilities there are. Then pick the one with
latitude and longitude that is in "Kuhland" or -- if someone else on the list
thinks "Kuenische" is elsewhere -- the one that would be most likely correct.