Hi Sandra and Ted,
I have read your posts which mention the Campbell and/or Crawford names in
your family groups who lived in Fermanagh in the 1800's. Because that time
period is several generations later than the time period I have researched I
will not be able to connect your ancestors into the family histories that
are known for the Campbell, Crawford, Gordon, and Ogle genealogies which go
back many generations starting around the late 11th century. But I would
like to make you aware of those family histories which POSSIBLY could be
your ancestors IF you ever can find a link into those family lines. I will
try to be brief and tie the story into Fermanagh. Some will say this story
is not documented sufficiently to be accepted, but my research has led me to
believe it is the most probable scenario.
For many centuries the Campbell, Crawford, and Gordon clans were some of the
most powerful and influential of Scotland. The Ogle family was prominent in
Northumberland, England along the border with Scotland. They often were
arch enemies. In the late 1200's the celebrated Scotch patriot William
Wallace (Braveheart) rises up to lead a revolt for Scotland's freedom from
England. Wallace's mother was Margaret Crawford. This Crawford family
group were hereditary Sheriffs of Ayr, and related to the Crawford's who
lived in Castle Loudoun. Now, Wallace's right hand man was Campbell.
Eventually Wallace gets martyred, and the English also kill most of the
Crawford's. However, the daughter of Sir Reginald Crawford survives, and for
her protection a marriage is arranged for Susanna Crawford to marry Sir
Duncan Campbell, and from them descend the Dukes of Argyle.
Now, England and Scotland continue to fight on and off until around 1600
when they supposedly become united. It is then that England turns its
attention to Northern Ireland and they come up with a scheme to supplant the
native Irish living there with people from England and Scotland, often from
the border regions. Some members of the Campbell, Crawford, Gordon, and
Ogle families become part of that Plantation effort. But then the Irish
uprising of 1641 disrupts that plan and many of the original planters were
killed or returned back to England and Scotland. After that uprising is put
down new settlers try to reestablish themselves in Northern Ireland. They
develop the flax industry around Lurgan and Waringstown. Eventually, they
need a bigger and better shipping port in Newry. These economic developments
create prosperous merchants in Newry, and many of them belong to the same
church of St Patrick's in Newry. In the mis 1700's an Ogle, who developed
the port of Newry marries a Gordon, who is a wealthy merchant in Newry.
This Gordon is married to a Campbell whose grandparents are Crawford and
Campbell who claim descendance from the William Wallace group. All of them
belong to the same church in Newry, and from this time period these four
family groups often stuck together.
At this point in time Fermanagh is still relatively undeveloped, but William
Ogle and his sons plan to change that. They purchase many acres of land
south of Pettigo and near Boa Island. They intend to develop a new large
flax industry in this area while at the same time developing Ballyshannon
into a larger shipping port so their flax products can be shipped directly
to America from Ireland's west coast. This is a large and ambitious
endeavor and some of the families mentioned above also move to Fermanagh to
be part of growing flax, etc. But then, during the American Revolution no
products can be shipped to America, and mechanical automation in the flax
industry makes their development plan go sour. Then the final straw is the
uprising of 1798 when many people died and relocated out of the Fermanagh
area. Some Ogles leave to become pioneers in America, which is the family
line my wife is descended from. But some Ogle, Campbell, Crawford, and
Gordon families remained in this Fermanagh area or moved back into it after
the 1798 uprising was put down.
I am sorry if this story opens old wounds thinking about Northern Ireland
history, but that history was often what our Fermanagh ancestors
experienced, or influence why they ended up living there.
So, there are many people with the names mentioned above, but IF you can
link into this group of people then your genealogy chart will go back to the
late 11th century. At least this story will give you something to think
about as a POSSIBLITY.