Placing a mark as a signature was very, very common in the days before everyone
was educated to read and write.
Normally this is dated to Foster's Education Act of 1870.
Education in the Industrial Areas of Wales before 1870.
Schools in South Wales in the Nineteenth Century
Before this date, such education was very patchy, with all sorts of schools
operating, such as Dame Schools. There have been published surveys documenting
what was available for each parish in Wales.
I thought this was so obvious to most family historians that I did not bother to
reply. This is the disadvantage of having an email list to which you cannot
easily attach images of what you are describing. The cross can appear almost
anywhere the person concerned placed it. For wills and often for BMD
Certificates it is placed between the Christian name and the surname, but there
is no hard and fast rule on this, as someone else had to write the persons full
name around where they had put their cross; or conversely they had to place
their cross in the space or place indicated by the person who could write
(usually the clergyman, minister or registrar).
From: DYFED [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org] On
Behalf Of melanie stark
Sent: 09 October 2017 19:19
Subject: [Dyfed] Re DYFED Digest, Vol 12, Issue 134
Hi Buddug, I did post a copy of this on a Facebook Genealogy page that I follow.
Someone is suggesting that it's a mark - in place of a signature?
From: " <mailto:email@example.com> buddugh(a)talktalk.net" <
To: " <mailto:DYFED@rootsweb.com%20DYFED@rootsweb.com> DYFED(a)rootsweb.com
DYFED(a)rootsweb.com" < <mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org> dyfed(a)rootsweb.com>
Sent: Thursday, October 5, 2017 8:08 AM
Subject: [Dyfed] FATHER'S NAME ON CERTIFICATE
Hi Browsing through some certificates, I came across a marriage certificate for
an ancestor 1848. Noticed that there's an x before the name of her father .
Anyone know what that means ? Does it mean that he was deceased ,or a bit of a
confusion who the father was ? On some other certificates ,when the father is
deceased it is recorded as such . There is a bit of a confusion anyway ,the only
birth I have been able to find for my ancestor shows him as her father ,but the
mother seems to have married another man ,days after the birth !! Strange to say
the least? Thanks, Buddug
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