Hi, I only know that the cockleshells were a sign of pilgrimage, often
meaning that one of the forebears had visited the shrine of San Diago
Compostella. Unsure if pilgrimages to other shrines earned the cockle shells
but it was said that :-
2 pilrimages to shrine of St David = 1 pilgrimage to Rome
3 pilgrimages to shrine of St David = 1 pilgrimage to Jerusalem.
No mention made of pilgrimages to San Diago Compostella in the equations.
I once visited an old Manor House near Gloucester and entire estate was
decorated with cockle or possibly clam shells.
----- Original Message -----
From: "LC & BJ Kirkwood" <lki59595(a)bigpond.net.au>
To: "Lynne Simpson" <lsimpson(a)netspeed.com.au>;
Sent: Saturday, July 31, 2010 5:22 AM
Subject: Re: [Dyfed] Welsh Heraldry
Some years ago I bought a little book called Understanding Heraldry.....to
we Aussies, as clear as mud! It cost me all of 2 dollars 95 at a book
though it was marked over 21 dollars...it is only a few pages..and I doubt
got my money's worth.
In olden times the Heralds were used to pass messages between the Princes
and their armies, as one of their duties. The symbols worn helped to
a system of identification....and the Heralds recorded the designs etc. of
armorial bearings used by individuals and families in books called
Armorials...the descriptive explanations of the parts and colours was
Blazonry. Perhaps Googling these particular words may help you in your
One piece of clarity in the book is Cadency Marks.....to differentiate
between the head of a family and other members in the male line using the
same family coat of arms. Arms were modified by adding....a border,
altering a tincture, or adding a mark as a charge....this was standardised
in the 15th. century.
Eldest son - label...which looks like a table top with three legs
Third....molet...looks like a 5 pointed star
Fourth - martlet - bird
Fifth...annulet...picture a Lifesaver in your mind's eye (round ring)
Eighth - cross moline - each end of the cross appears to sprout a little
Ninth - double quatrefoil (star with eight little points) ...looks like
there is a little black ring in the centre too..
One thing I do vaguely remember from my own research into the Batemans was
that I once read something which indicated the three shells were very
to a lot of Arms and had a generalised meaning.....but what it was escapes
me. I did recall that this had something to do with the Barretts...so I
just looked up page 431 of The History of Little England Beyond Wales by
Edward Laws.....and note that David Barrett is shown as "Gules on a chief
indented argent three escallops sable".
I don't recall any major connection between the Batemans and the Barretts,
but your research is more recent than mine...and you may know of
The Barretts came into Wales with Strongbow, and the early Batemans were
mainly merchants,,but they were both concentrated mainly in
Don't think this is much help....but it is an answer!
----- Original Message -----
From: "Lynne Simpson" <lsimpson(a)netspeed.com.au>
Sent: Friday, July 30, 2010 10:32 AM
Subject: [Dyfed] Welsh Heraldry
> Hi everyone
> Can anyone tell me where I can find out about Welsh Heraldry. The coat of
> arms I want to research is for Bateman of Honeyborough which is an azure
> background with silver chevron and three cockle shells. There must have
> some register of coats of arms held somewhere. Dwnn's Heraldic Visitation
> was for exactly that purpose.
> Apparently there is a Bateman coat of arms from Narberth which seems to
> black background with the chevron and cockle shells. (Maybe this is just
> black and white representation of the blue one!)
> There is also a quartered coat of arms displaying in quarters 1 and 3:
> gold with a black fess, charged with a gold rose and flanked by three
> in quarters 2 and 4: silver with a red fess charged with three gold fleur
> lis and flanked by three black crescents. I would be most interested if
> anyone can interpret that one for me.
> Apparently there is also a Haverfordwest coat of arms for Bateman. Does
> anyone know anything about this one?
> Lynne Simpson
> Canberra Australia
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