This has, sort of, all been sorted out.
10,000 years ago no-one lived in Britain - it was covered in ice.
As the ice melted, the Atlantic coastline changed and reformed - and
England, Wales and Ireland were gradually formed as the English Channel was
generated. One working hypothesis is that "European" populations sat out
this glacial time-period in so-called refugia - one of which approximated to
the area now of interest to the Basques in Northern Spain.
The Basques then migrated up the reforming Atlantic coastline and colonised
these reforming land masses. This is reflected in the Y-Chromosome DNA
patterns - which with a certain marker STR pattern is known as the 'Atlantic
Of course, this has nothing to do with skin colour, etc. - which is all to
do with the other chromosomes, and nothing to do with the Y-chromosome.
But if you take the very long view of Welsh history - then you were probably
first colonised by Basques from Spain. Whether such an epiphet as Basque
origin is appropriate to nomadic hunter-gatherers is another question.
From: dyfed-bounces(a)rootsweb.com [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org] On
Behalf Of John Ball
Sent: 22 March 2011 19:27
To: Dyfed List
Subject: Re: [Dyfed] FW: puteindra (prostitution)
Vera Lowe <v.lowe(a)btinternet.com> wrote:
Again rather like our human characteristics, hair colouring etc. some very
dark-haired Welsh people are rather like the Spanish, we could say.
Lynne Ingalls <lynne.ingalls(a)comcast.net> wrote:
I read an article about DNA of Welsh people living in the mountains. I seem
to remember the article said the Welsh were more closely aligned genetically
to the Basque.
I think many of us carry an image in our minds of the physical
characteristics and appearance of what we would describe as a typical
Welshman and a typical Welsh woman.
Ten years or so ago, I recall reading the results of research projects
undertaken on this subject and related topics in the 1980s. The collection
of research papers was published in book form as "Genetic & Population
Studies in Wales", edited by Peter S. Harper & Eric Sunderland, University
of Wales Press, Cardiff, 1986; ISBN 0-7083-0867-8.
The blurb on the dust jacket stated:
This Book looks at the origins and characteristics of the people of Wales,
and at the particular features in which they differ from neighbouring
populations. It draws together for the first time important archaeological,
geographical, historical and linguistic background material previously
inaccessible and scattered in various technical publications. In this
context the biological diversity within the Welsh population can be
examined. The main part of the book is concerned with this biological
diversity considered in morphological (including growth) and genetic terms,
and it deals with these attributes in the normal population, as well as
those features in components of the population affected by certain diseases.
The book is richly illustrated and largely non-technical, and should be read
by all with an interest in Wales and its people.
If I remember correctly, the researchers found little evidence of a
typically Welsh appearance. They found just as wide a spectrum of different
physical characteristics among the Welsh as among the English.
I do not know whether the results from the 1980s are supported by modern DNA
John Ball, Brecon, Mid-Wales, UK
John's Homepage: http://www.jlb2005.plus.com/
Images of Wales:
Welsh Family History Archive: http://www.jlb2005.plus.com/wales/
GENUKI Breconshire Maintainer: http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/wal/BRE/
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