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This was posted to one of the lists I am with and thought maybe someone on
this list might find it usefull in their research. May the Creator guide you in
your everyday life. Beej
Date: Tue, 25 Apr 2006 14:25:52 -0700
From: "Sally Rolls Pavia" <sallypavia2001(a)yahoo.com>
Subject: Tracing Confederate Relatives by Bob Brooke
Searching for a Confederate ancestor may not be easy. While county histories
of the period from 1875 to about 1900 supply much biographical information for
many counties of the northern and Midwestern states, counties in the southern
states published relatively few histories. Thus, the Confederate records in
the National Archives, and the State Archives of former Confederate States
offer the best source of information.
The "Confederate Citizens File" relates to the correspondence of individuals
with the Confederate War Department. Included in this file are bills and
vouchers for services and supplies furnished to the Confederate government, as well
as papers for damage claims against it, all arranged alphabetically by name
of person or firm. This file is sometimes cross referenced to other Confederate
records Some major libraries have them on microfilm. Researchers
often obtain helpful data, including names, residences, dates, and other
Information from these files.
As each specific area came under federal control, the Union provost marshals
developed records with data on residents of the area. The "Union Provost
Marshal Citizens File" contains a variety of correspondence, reports, affidavits,
loyalty oaths, lists, claims for property used or taken by Union military
authorities or for supplies or services furnished the army, papers relating to
civilian and some military prisoners, travel authorizations within the Confederate
States, and postwar papers. These alphabetically arranged microfilms are
available in some libraries.
Genealogists researching Confederate ancestors should also check the Amnesty
Oaths," which contain the soldier's name, place of taking oath (often his
residence), date of oath, and the signature of the person taking the oath. Some
records include the person's age, personal escription, and sometimes the
identity of his Confederate military unit. The information about his residence can
help a researcher locate his family in the 1860 and 1870 censuses.
Another set of records, "Amnesty Papers," contains applications for
presidential pardons for former Confederate officials or for persons owning property
valued at $20,000 dollars or more. These amnesty applications required
supporting documents since the U.S. Government considered these individuals leaders in
the Confederacy. Genealogists may find extensive data
for their family histories by examining the appropriate papers. The
Congressional Serial Set, with its alphabetical lists by states, is available in many
depository libraries. The federal Government has designated these libraries as
official sources for and repositories of government publications.
Cotton bills of sale, vouchers, and registers and lists of cotton sales for
the years 1862-65 reveal transactions between individual cotton sellers and the
Confederate government. Each entry shows the name, county or parish, number
of bales sold, value in Confederate currency or bonds, and date. The National
Archives collection of records related to Confederate military
service and other records may also prove useful. The "Compiled Military
Service Records" consist of card abstracts from muster pay and some original papers
which may include the name, state, company and regiment, rank, date and place
of enlistment and discharge, occupation, personal description, Along with
details of capture, release, parole, or death.
"Records Relating to Naval and Marine Personnel" consist of cards and papers
relating to individuals in naval or marine service for the Confederacy. The
records show the name, ship or station, date and place of capture, cause of
Admission to a hospital, and date of discharge.
"Reference Cards and Papers" are records related to either naval or marine
personnel which show the name, rank, and references to other records. Although
these are incomplete, they can be used as a guide to other records.
"Shipping Articles," a single volume with typed index, consists of agreements
between the ship-master and the crewmen that are similar to enlistment papers
for men in the Confederate Navy. They show the name, rating, signature, and
enlistment date. Thus, a researcher can get confirmation of a name, an
evaluation of his ancestor's seamanship or related ability, a signature, and the
location of an individual on that Particular date.
Remember, officers' records are usually more extensive than those of enlisted
personnel. An ancestor's service in one military unit may be separate from
his service in another unit. Furthermore, courts-martial and some medical
records are separate from all other records and require a Separate search.
Finally, Congress has received applications for headstones for Confederate
veterans since February 26, 1929. These application records96recording the name,
organization, date of death, place of burial, and the name and address of the
person requesting the headstone96are in case files and arranged
alphabetically. Source: Everyday Genealogy,
Date: Mon, 24 Apr 2006 07:35:18 -0700
From: "Sally Rolls Pavia" <sallypavia2001(a)yahoo.com>
Subject: Civil War Sites
ANDERSONVILLE ~~ Andersonville, or Camp Sumter as it was officially known,
Was one of the largest of many established prison camps during the American
Civil War. It was built early in 1864 after Confederate officials decided to
Move the large number of Federal prisoners kept in and around Richmond,
Virginia, to a place of greater security and a more abundant food supply.
During the 14 months the prison existed, more than 45,000 Union Solders were
Confined here. Of these, almost 13,000 died from disease, poor sanitation,
Malnutrition, overcrowding, or exposure to the elements.
More Civil War Prisons
Even More Civil War Sites
Confederate POW Burials on Smallpox Island West Alton, IL 1 Aug 1863 96 31