In southside Virginia the surveyors used poles or chains to measure the
parcels. But the chains weren't standard. Instead of being 4 poles they
were two poles each (33 feet). Dennis Hudgins, who abstracted the Charlotte
patents, multiplied the number of chains by two and called it poles when he
entered their descriptions into DeedMapper. Another way to accomplish this
same thing is to enter them as measured in chains, and then tell the program
that a chain is 33 feet.
At the top of your deed enter the following:
In your metes and bounds descriptions enter the distance in chains, e.g.
Ln N23E; 65C;
C or c means chains.
By the way, you can tell whether a parcel used 2-pole or 4-pole chains.
Just enter the parcel as you would normally, then Display>>Area. If the
area is about right, then fine. If it's 4 times too big, the chains are
half-size and you must either cut the line lengths in half or tell the
program to use a 33 foot chain.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Carmen Finley" <finleyc(a)SONOMA.EDU>
Sent: Friday, May 10, 2002 6:42 PM
Subject: [DMU] chains and poles
Steve and all,
I am thoroughly confused about the difference between chains and poles.
I have been working with the original Cub Creek settlers as defined by
Elizabeth Venable Gaines in her "Cub Creek Church and Congregation:
1738-1838," where she defines 17 original settlers. I found deeds for all
of them in the Charlotte Deed Pool, but because there were some
discrepancies, I sent for seven of the original deeds. I transcribed them
and then compared them with the ones from the Deed Pool. The deeds I
transcribed were all given in chains. When I started comparing them with
those in the Deed Pool, most were in poles and the lengths were all double
what I read as chains. Then I came across one where the Deed Pool
description was expressed in chains and read exactly like mine (item 148).
At this point I read the help comments on poles and chains and found that
chain equals four poles.
So why, when the deeds are written in chains, did Dennis double the number
and call them poles?
Does your program automatically adjust so that units can be expressed in
either poles or chains without adjusting the lengths? You probably have
this in your help section---I just haven't found it yet.
Carmen J. Finley
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