Out - An 'out' was ten chains. When counting out long lines, the chain
carriers would put a stake at the end of a chain, move the chain and put
a stake at the end, and so on until they ran "out" of ten stakes.
Gunter's Chain - Unit of length equal to 66 feet, or 4 poles. Developed
by English polymath Edmund Gunter early in the 1600's, the standard
measuring chain revolutionized surveying. Gunter's chain was 22 yards
long, one tenth of a furlong, a common unit of length in the old days.
An area one chain wide by ten chains long was exactly an acre. In 1695
Queen Elizabeth I had the mile redefined from the old Roman value of
5000 feet to 5280 feet in order for it to be an even number of furlongs.
A mile is 80 chains.
Engineer's Chain - A 100 foot chain containing 100 links of one foot apiece.
Pole - Unit of length and area. Also known as a perch or rod. As a unit
of length, equal to 16.5 feet. A mile is 320 poles. As a unit of area,
equal to a square with sides one pole long. An acre is 160 square poles.
It was common to see an area referred to as "87 acres, 112 poles",
meaning 87 and 112/160 acres.
found at: http://users.rcn.com/deeds/survey.htm
Paul K. Graham wrote:
I've never actually seen outs used before in a deed, but if you change the
value of an out to 20 rods instead of 40 in this case, you will come out
with a 10 acre plot.
Paul K. Graham
From: Renee [mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org]
Sent: Monday, February 13, 2006 10:24 AM
Subject: [DMU] Outs and Rods
I have a deed that uses outs. I found the messages posted about this, and
converted the outs to rods, as suggested by Steve, using 1out = 40 rods .
I come up with 40 acres, and the deed says 10 acres. Is this right?
West 4 outs (changed to 160 rods)
North 1 out (changed to 40 rods)
East 4 outs (changed to 160 rods)
NorthWest to the beginning.
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