At 7/5/2016 12:11, you wrote:
Yesterday I decided to type up both the warrant to the surveyor and
the deed as recorded years later when sold.
I had never seen calls like "North West & by North halfe a point".
Here is the surveyor description May 1687
Beginning at the No: East corner tree of Jacb Jacobson's head line
joyning to Henry Jeans his Bound
_____ing along the line of Henry Jeans N. W & by N: 1/2 No:
to a stake set by a Little Creek in the marsh which Creek -+-
parts Henry Jeans & the said Land 312 perches then No: East
and by East 1/2 East 8 Perches to a stake set in the marsh and
markt B: G: From thence So: East and by South 1/2 South
312 Perches to a stake set in the woods markt B: G.
Thence to the first markt? __d tree 80 perches in which are
containd 150 Acres of Land marsh swamps and Coipples
And the sale in 1713
Beginning at a Hickry Tree being John Jacobsons bound Tree in the
woods and running from
Thence East halfe a point North eighty pearches to a Stake
thence North East halfe a point, north 50 perches to a Stake,
thence North West halfe a point Northerly one hundred & thirty four
pchs? to a Stake,
thence North West & by North halfe a point Northerly 164 pches to
a Little Island of the marsh near Swart Hook creek
from Thence joyning on the sd creek on the south side till you come to
the Deviding Branches on a Little creek Called Wapping Johns Neck
so runing up the sd creek bounding Thereon till youcome to Henry Janes Line,
Thence along Henry Janes Line South Eastly Sourth to Ye place of Begining
of within Those bounds 211 Acres of Land Marsh & Swamp.
Would appreciate thoughts on entering the compass directions
You'll find the somewhat old point system of directions today used
more often in nautical arenas, but other disciplines have used it as
well. Many people use it without realizing it.
Basically, there are 32 points to a complete circle. These
correspond to the named directions. First , the cardinal points,
north, east, south, and west. Then add the intercardinal directions,
northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest. Most everyone is
familiar with and use these named points for general directions as
opposed to directions of accuracy. Many also use the combinations
points -- NNE, ENE, etc. As I noted, there are 32 points, using
the cardinal, intercardinal, and combination directions.
Some modern compasses label the intercardinal point as well as the
cardinal points and a few even mark all points. A fuller
description and table of points may be found online at
So, to your question -- the named direction of "North West & by North
half a point" refers to the intercardinal heading of northwest (315
degrees) and then adjusted northwards by a half point (about 5.5
degrees) giving a direction of 320 degrees 37.5 minutes.
You should be able to go from here. It gets easier after the first
few times. In nautical usage, it is not unusual to hear something
like: "there is a ship two points off the starboard bow". This
means that the ship will be seen about 22 degrees to the right
(starboard) of the bow (front of the boat). Here the usage is more
general and if converted to the named points (with the boat headed
north) then the direction would be NNE.