My thanks to Steve Broyles for his help with the additional bearings
which appeared in the 1854 Texas deed. The term "witness tree" is an
interesting one, and apparently this practice was followed by
surveyors in Navarro County, Texas, in that era since I found it in
Regarding the one league plus one labor headrights of Texas, this
grant was a large inducement to come to Texas before 1836, possibly
necessary to attract settlers because of the danger of Indian attacks.
However, it was only much later that the greater value of some of the
land was discovered in the minerals under ground. Although I have not
yet done so, I plan to enter several mineral leases into DeedMapper.
At some point, many grantors sold the surface area and retained either
full "mineral rights" or a fraction of them. Of course I have not yet
developed any thoughts about how to use DeedMapper to show both
surface and sub-surface property rights.