Not having seen this type of description before I've found this deed
very interesting. There's always something new to learn about the old
Your deed has what is known as "witness trees". These are
trees that neighbor the true corner. They provide additional proof of
the corner's location in case the corner stake disappears. I've only heard
their use in the public land states. In the public land states the corners
township sections were almost never located at something like a tree.
They were stakes/stones in the ground at one mile intervals and only rarely
the mile end at a tree. The stake was seen as a transient kind of monument
the surveyors regularly referred to the neighboring trees from the stake's
point of view. It looks like your deed is doing exactly that.
----- Original Message -----
Sent: Saturday, November 18, 2000 4:42 PM
Subject: Re: [DMU] Extra bearings in a deed description
Garry, thank you very much for the assist. You were correct; the
from the deed itself, rather than from a faulty transcript, yielded
the extra language as:
"...from which a post oak bears N 30 W 13 varas a mesquite bears N 80
W 22 varas Thence S 30 E 1344 varas..."
The original handwritten deed bears zeros which are very difficult to
read. I should have caught the N311W problem, but I am still much too
accustomed to compass readings.
The plot view seemed to be correct - leaving out the extra bearings
cited in the deed, but I am wondering about their purpose. Thanks
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