I am trying to locate some land belonging to an ancestor of mine.
property description notes that this ancestor's property was a part of the
original survey for Lord Fairfax. I also found some information that Lord
Fairfax's survey was "proprietary."
Land in the colonies was granted in several ways: town gov't (New England),
governors acting on behalf of the King (most everywhere else), and in some
cases through proprietors. These were basically well connected individuals
or groups that got a whole bunch of land and operated it unto themselves as
Fairfax's proprietary was in northern Virginia to the south and west of
day Washington D.C. This area, between the Potomac and Rapahannock, is
called the Northern Neck. The rest of Virginia's land was granted by the
Fairfax leased land to individuals in a large survey of his called the Manor
That's mostly in present day Fauquier Co. I believe he also granted land
in other areas. Grants in the Northern Neck are indexed and on line at the
and Archives web site. Leases aren't recorded there, but the Fauquier
Society may be able to help you. I think they're in Warrenton.
The property description should list the watercourse on which the land was
If it was a grant it will probably also contain the names of neighbors. The
web site can even
locate neighboring grants that mention your ancestor.