Have I stumbled upon something important? While going through the Cavaliers
and Pioneers list of Bowles names I find they stop in 1641 and resume again
in 1651. John and Edward Bowles imigrated to Maryland in 1650, Edward
brought some or all of his family. Edward died in 1659 in Charles Co,MD.
John married Margary Batten before dying in 1675, Charles Co, MD. Edward and
John both were in Northumberland Co,Va after 1650. Northumberland Co,VA was
established in 1646 between England first and second Civil War. I have it as
one of the first colonies 1634? It looks as if the Bowles may have left VA
to fight in England Civil War. My Lawson did the same thing left Norfolk Co,
Va where they had thousands of acres of land. When they returned to Va in
1650 they went to Lancaster Co, Va.
"Cavalier" is chiefly associated with the Royalist supporters of King
Charles I in his struggle with Parliament in the English Civil War. At first
appears as a term of reproach and contempt, applied by the opponents of King
Charles I during the summer of 1642:
CAVALIERS AND PIONEERS
Abstracts of Virginia Patents and Grants 1623-1766
Abstracted and Indexed by Nell Marion Nugent
Virginia Land Office, Richmond, Va.
The First English Civil War (1642-1646) commenced the series of three wars
known as the English Civil War (or "Wars"). "The English Civil War"
series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place
between Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651, and includes
the Second English Civil War (1648-1649) and the Third English Civil War
The English Civil War (1642-1651) was a series of armed conflicts and
political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists. The first
(1642-1646) and second (1648-1649) civil wars pitted the supporters of King
Charles I against the supporters of the Long Parliament, while the third war
(1649-1651) saw fighting between supporters of King Charles II and
supporters of the Rump Parliament. The Civil War ended with the
Parliamentary victory at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651.
The Civil War led to the trial and execution of Charles I, the exile of his
son, Charles II, and replacement of English monarchy with first, the
Commonwealth of England (1649-1653), and then with a Protectorate
(1653-1659), under Oliver Cromwell's personal rule. The monopoly of the
Church of England on Christian worship in England ended with the victors
consolidating the established Protestant Ascendancy in Ireland.
Constitutionally, the wars established the precedent that an English monarch
cannot govern without Parliament's consent, although this concept was
established only with the Glorious Revolution later in the century.
Sir Charles Bolles of Haugh was associated with some of the most detested of
the Commonwealth measures against the Royalists. On the other hand, the
Lincolnshire family were ardent Royalists. Sir Charles Bolles of Haugh
raised a regiment of foot in the King's service from the tenantry on his
estate, which was commanded in the field by his brother, Colonel John Bolle
of Louth, and Sir Charles was subsequently compelled to compound for his
estate in the sum of £1,000, while his cousin, Sir Robert Bolles of Scampton
(second Baronet), was fined £1,500 for delinquency, being, according to the
Treasury minute, a man of exceptional zeal in the King's cause.
Sir Charles Bolles of Haugh
Colonel John Bolle of Louth
Sir Robert Bolles of Scampton (second Baronet), cousin to Sir Charles Bolles
of Haugh. Also grandson of SIR GEORGE BOWLES, LORD MAYOR OF LONDON