Sydney Gazette April 2, 1803
From the Reports of the Society for Bettering the Condition and
Comforts of the Poor.
Twelve True Old Golden Rules
1. The ready penny always fetches the best bargain. He who buys upon trust must
not complain if he is cheated. The shop-keeper suspects his customer who buys on
trust, and thinks that he means to cheat and never to pay; and therefore he
takes good care to be before-hand, and charges high accordingly.
2. The best penny-worth is to be had where most fit together, in the open market
and bargains are often cheaper in the latter end of the day. When honest men
have done their work, it is better for them to go to the market than to the
3. When times are hard, why should we make them harder still? It is not enough
to be taxed once by Government, without being taxed twice by folly, thrice by
drunkenness, four times by laziness and so on? A good man, even in hard times
will do twice as well as a bad man will in the best of times. Let us all then
rise up against ourselves, who thus tax and injure ourselves; and we shall soon
find that the times will mend. Let us do good to ourselves at home, and we shall
become happy in our own habitations; and learn that it is a true saying that
God helps those who help themselves.
4. Time is our estate; it is our most valuable property. If we lose it, or waste
it, we can nevernever purchase it back again. We ought, therefore, not have an
idle hour, or throw away an idle penny. While we employ our time and our
property (however small that property may be) to the best advantage, we shall
find that a fortune may be made in any situation of life; and that the poor man,
who once wanted assistance himself, may become able to assist and relieve
5. Industry will make a man a purse and frugality will find him strings for it.
Neither the purse nor the strings will cost him anything. He who has it should
only drawn the strings as frugality directs; and he will be sure always to find
a useful penny at the bottom of it. The servants of industry are known by their
livery; it is always whole and wholesome. Idleness travels very leisurely, and
poverty soon overtakes herLook at the ragged slaves of idleness, and judge
which is the best master to serve, Industry or Idleness.
6. Marriage is honourable: and the married state, when entered into with
prudence, and continued in with discretion, is of all conditions of life the
most happy; but to bring a wife home before we have made provision, by our
industry and prudence, for her and our children, or to choose a wife who had
not, by attention and economy on her part, proved herself fit to manage a
family, is extremely imprudent and improvident. Let, therefore, the young
prepare themselves for the married state, by treasuring up all the surplus of
their youthful earnings, and they will marry with confidence, and live together
7. Of all idolatry that ever debased any savage and ignorant nation, the worship
of the gin-bottle, is the most disgraceful. The worshipper of the gin-bottle
becomes unfit for anything; he soon rots his liver, and ruins himself and
8. He who does not make his family comfortable, will himself never be happy at
home; and he who is not happy at home, will never be happy anywhere. Charity
begins at home; the husband and wife, who can hardly keep themselves and their
children, should not keep a dog to rob the children of part of their food.
9. She, who roasts or broils her meat, wastes half of it in the fire. She, who
boils it, loses half of it in the water. But when the good wife stews her meat
gently, thickening the liquor with a little meat, ground rice, or pease and
vegetables, and making it savory with fried onions, herbs and seasoning, her
husband and she fare much better, their children thrive and grow hearty and
stout, and their money goes twice as far.
10. When you stew or boil your meat, if you leave the vessel uncovered, a great
deal of the best part goes off and is wasted in steam; and when you make the
fire in a wide chimney, with a large open throat, there is at least twice as
much of the heat goes up the chimney as ever comes into the room to warm the
11. Sinning is a very expensive occupation. Ask those who have practiced it;
they can tell you what is has cost them. The man who attempts to make you laugh
at the fear of God is your worst enemy. In so doing, he endeavors to teach you
to be also your own bitter and irreconcilable enemy, forever, both in this world
and in the next.
12. Sin is the greatest of evils; the salvation of the soul our best good; and
the Grace of God our richest treasure. Let the poor man find his way to the
cheapest market on Saturday, to a place of divine worship on Sunday, and like an
honest man, go to his labour on Monday. Following these plain directions, he may
be twice happy; happy here and happy hereafter, to all eternity.
CLAIM A CONVICT
HAWKESBURY HOMECOMING REUNION
A reunion for all the families of Hawkesbury Pioneers
29 & 30 November 2003
The Port Jackson Convicts Anthology 1788 - 1849